Archer History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestors of the Archer family brought their name to England in the wave of migration after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Archer is for a bowman, and derives from the French L'Archer of the same meaning.

Early Origins of the Archer family

The surname Archer was first found in Warwickshire, where "Fulbert L'Archer, the patriarch of the Lords Archer of Umberslade, in the county of Warwick, appears among the warriors at Hastings, who received recompense from the victor. His son, Robert L'Archer, obtained additions to his territorial possessions by grant from Henry I., whose tutor he had been, and still further increased his patrimony by marrying Sebit, daughter of Henry of Villiers, and thus acquiring the lands of Umberslade." [1]

However, another noted source claims Hampshire was the founding place for the family. "Willelmus Arcarius" held a barony in the hundred of Sunburne, in Hampshire. [2] This family took its name from the office it held under the Dukes of Normandy before the Conquest. Its derivation is rather uncertain, but a family of L'Archer, still flourishing in Brittany, bears the same three arrows that were borne by the English Archers, differenced in tincture. The latter claim as their ancestor Fulbert l'Archer, the father of Robert, to whom the Conqueror entrusted the charge of his son, afterwards Henry I. " [3]

Robert Larchier was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Hampshire and Warwickshire in 1166. Hugh le Archer was listed in the Feet of Fines of Cheshire in 1199. [4]

Odo le Archer was listed in Devon during the reign of Henry III and John le Archer was listed in Yorkshire in the reign of Edward I. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1237 list Thomas le Archer in Derbyshire. [5]

Some of the family were found to the far south in the parish of St. Ewe in Cornwall. "There was formerly a manor called Trelewick, but this has many years since been totally dismembered. The barton house was for some time the seat of John Archer, Esq. who died in 1733, to which family the estate belonged. Soon after this gentleman's death the house fell to decay, and remained for many years without an inhabitant. About twenty three years since the fee of Trelewick was sold by Addis Archer, Esq. to the late Mr. John Harris, by whom the dilapidated mansion was taken down, and a genteel farm house erected in its stead." [6]

"There are two gentlemen's seats in the parish of [Lewannick, Cornwall], both of which are ancient; Trewanta Hall, the residence of William Hocken, Esq. and Treliske or Trelaske, the property and abode of Samuel Archer, Esq." [6]

Early History of the Archer family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Archer research. Another 274 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1166, 1210, 1214, 1273, 1350, 1296, 1856, 1861, 1554, 1630, 1554, 1598, 1682, 1581, 1662, 1640, 1619, 1685, 1659, 1660, 1581, 1662, 1581, 1551, 1624, 1549, 1551, 1581, 1617, 1624, 1660, 1684, 1660 and are included under the topic Early Archer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Archer Spelling Variations

Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence in the eras before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate regularly changed the spellings of their names as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Archer have been found, including Archer, Archar, Arsher, Arsher, Arshire, Archere and many more.

Early Notables of the Archer family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Thomas Archer (1554-1630?), an English divine, who was born at Bury St. Edmunds 12 Aug. 1554, and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was elected to a fellowship; John Archer (1598-1682), an English judge from Essex; Sir Simon Archer (1581-1662), an English antiquary and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1640, High Sheriff of Warwickshire; and...
Another 67 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Archer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Archer World Ranking

In the United States, the name Archer is the 1,019th most popular surname with an estimated 29,844 people with that name. [7] However, in France, the name Archer is ranked the 5,092nd most popular surname with an estimated 1,000 - 1,500 people with that name. [8] And in Australia, the name Archer is the 494th popular surname with an estimated 7,723 people with that name. [9] New Zealand ranks Archer as 409th with 1,601 people. [10] The United Kingdom ranks Archer as 371st with 17,002 people. [11]

Ireland Migration of the Archer family to Ireland

Some of the Archer family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 193 words (14 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Archer migration to the United States +

For many English families, the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. For such families, the shores of Ireland, Australia, and the New World beckoned. They left their homeland at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. Many arrived after the long voyage sick, starving, and without a penny. But even those were greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. Numerous English settlers who arrived in the United States and Canada at this time went on to make important contributions to the developing cultures of those countries. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Archer were among those contributors:

Archer Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Gabriel Archer, who arrived in New England in 1602 [12]
  • Georg Archer, who landed in Virginia in 1618 [12]
  • Samuel Archer, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630 [12]
  • Geo Archer, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [12]
  • Jo Archer, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Archer Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Robert Archer, who landed in Virginia in 1700 [12]
  • Michael Archer, who landed in Virginia in 1726 [12]
  • Thomas Archer, who arrived in Georgia in 1747 [12]
  • George Archer, who landed in New Jersey in 1764 [12]
  • Alexander Archer, his wife Jane, and four children, settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1767
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Archer Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Vincent Archer, aged 10, who landed in Key West, Fla in 1839 [12]
  • Mary Archer, aged 6, who landed in Key West, Fla in 1839 [12]
  • Augustus Archer, aged 12, who landed in Key West, Fla in 1839 [12]
  • Benj Archer, aged 35, who arrived in Key West, Fla in 1839 [12]
  • Charlotte Archer, aged 32, who landed in Key West, Fla in 1839 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Archer migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Archer Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Christopher Archer settled at St. John's, Newfoundland, in 1703 [13]
  • Richard Archer was a Constable in Trinity, Newfoundland, in 1730 [13]
  • Hy Archer, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
Archer Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • James Archer, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1826
  • Margaret Archer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Eleanor" in 1834
  • Thomas Archer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Eleanor" in 1834
  • Ellen Archer, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1844

Australia Archer migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Archer Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Robert Archer who was convicted in Stafford, Staffordshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Dick" on 2nd October 1820, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [14]
  • William Archer, English convict from Oxford, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on July 3, 1822, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [15]
  • Mr. William Archer, British convict who was convicted in Shropshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Bussorah Merchant" on 1st October 1829, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [16]
  • Mr. Thomas Archer, (b. 1802), aged 31, English gardener who was convicted in Somerset, England for 7 years for larceny, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 27th April 1833, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [17]
  • Mr. William Archer, (b. 1803), aged 30, English labourer who was convicted in Essex, England for life for stealing, transported aboard the "Captain Cook" on 2nd May 1833, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [18]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Archer migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Archer Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • John Archer, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
  • William Archer, aged 34, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Celaeno" in 1872
  • Harriet Archer, aged 33, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Celaeno" in 1872
  • William J. Archer, aged 13, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Celaeno" in 1872
  • Alice J. Archer, aged 11, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Celaeno" in 1872
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Archer migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [19]
Archer Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Hugh Archer, who settled in Barbados in 1680 with his wife and servants

Contemporary Notables of the name Archer (post 1700) +

  • Lee Andrew Archer Jr. (1919-2010), American fighter pilot in the 332nd Fighter Group who flew 169 combat missions with the Tuskegee Airmen, during World War II
  • Anne Archer (b. 1947), American actress named Miss Golden Globe in 1971
  • Lee Archer, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Army Air Forces, during World War II, credited with 5 aerial victories
  • Lee Buddy Archer, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Army Air Forces, during World War II, credited with 9 aerial victories
  • Thomas Archer (1668-1743), English architect, known for his work on St John Evangelist, Westminster, Birmingham Cathedral, founding governor of the Foundling Hospital in London in 1739
  • Jeffrey Howard Archer (b. 1940), Baron Archer of Weston-super-Mare, English author and politician
  • William Archer (1856-1924), Scottish author, critic, and translator
  • Frederick James Archer (1857-1886), English jockey
  • Mrs. Natasha Archer M.V.O. (b. 1988), British Personal Assistant to The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, was appointed Member of the Royal Victorian Order on 29th December 2018 [20]
  • Michael "Mick" Archer (1943-2018), Irish Gaelic footballer who played as a right corner-forward for the Cork senior football team in 1965
  • ... (Another 4 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Empress of Ireland
  • Master Alfred Cecil Archer (1912-1914), Canadian Second Class Passenger from Elbow, Saskatchewan, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [21]
  • Mr. Tracey Harley Archer (1881-1914), Canadian Second Class Passenger from Elbow, Saskatchewan, Canada who survived the sinking on the Empress of Ireland [21]
  • Mrs. Mary Ruth Archer (1881-1914), née Congdon Canadian Second Class Passenger from Elbow, Saskatchewan, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [21]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Joseph Archer, English 1st Class Waiter from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [22]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Ernest Edward Archer (1876-1917), aged 36, English Able Seaman from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping on life boat 3, he died in 1917 [23]


The Archer Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Sola bona quae honesta
Motto Translation: Those things only are good which are honest.


Suggested Readings for the name Archer +

  • The Archer Family Genealogical Record by Julia Mallison Murden.
  • Growing up Black in Rural Mississippi: Memories of a Family, Heritage of a Place by Chalmers Archer.

  1. ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  3. ^ Cleveland, Dutchess of The Battle Abbey Roll with some Account of the Norman Lineages. London: John Murray, Abermarle Street, 1889. Print. Volume 1 of 3
  4. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  7. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  8. ^ http://www.journaldesfemmes.com/nom-de-famille/nom/
  9. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  10. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  11. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  12. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  13. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  14. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 8th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/Dick
  15. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 155 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1822
  16. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 10th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bussorah-merchant
  17. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  18. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th December 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/captain-cook
  19. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  20. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  21. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  22. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  23. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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