Pine History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo-Saxon name Pine comes from the family having resided in the county of Devon and Cornwall. Pine is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. In this case the original bearers of the surname Pine were known as the dwellers by the pine trees. [1]

Alternatively the name could have been "a nickname for a tall, upright man." [2]

"Combepyne and Upton Pyne (Devon) were held in the 13th century by a family of de Pyn who may have come from Le Pin (Calvados) or some other French place named from a prominent pine." [2]

Another source confirms the Devon branch and also postulates that the name was originally Norman: "Durand, William de Pinu, [were found in] Normandy 1180-95 (Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae). This family was long seated in Devon." [3]

More digging about Upton Pyne found this entry: "Pynes, in Upton Pyne, the present seat of the Northcote family (who were at Northcote in East Downe as early as the year 1103), came to them by the marriage of Sir Henry Northcote, the fifth Baronet, with the heiress of Stafford." [4]

Unfortunately for this source, Sir Henry Northcote, 5th Baronet (1710-1743) was a much later, so we must presume that the entry meant that the Pyne family were in "East Downe as early as the year 1103."

Early Origins of the Pine family

The surname Pine was first found in the 12th century where Bonde Pine was found in Northumberland, 1101-1107 and Robert Pine was listed in Shropshire in 1181. A few years later, Robert Pin was found in the Curia Regis Rolls for Northumberland in 1208 and William Pin was found in the Assize Rolls for Shropshire in 1221. Over in Sussex, Henry le Pyn was listed there in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1332.

In Leicestershire, Morin de Pin was found in the Pipe Rolls of 1130 and in Devon, Alexander de Pinu was listed there in the Pipe Rolls of 1169. Thomas de Pyne was found in Somerset, according to the Assize Rolls of Somerset and later, John atte Pyne was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Cheshire in 1327. [2]

Early History of the Pine family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pine research. Another 95 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1603, 1677, 1679, 1625, 1653, 1653, 1732, 1690, 1756, 1644, 1709, 1695 and 1709 are included under the topic Early Pine History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Pine Spelling Variations

Pine has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Spelling variants included: Pyne, Pine and others.

Early Notables of the Pine family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Valentine Pyne (1603-1677), English master-gunner of England, the second son of George Pyne of Curry-Mallet, Somerset; John Pyne (died 1679), an English politician...
Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pine Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Pine Ranking

In the United States, the name Pine is the 6,161st most popular surname with an estimated 4,974 people with that name. [5]

Ireland Migration of the Pine family to Ireland

Some of the Pine family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 30 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Pine migration to the United States +

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Pines to arrive on North American shores:

Pine Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Elizabeth Pine, who landed in Maryland in 1649-1650 [6]
  • Nathall Pine, who arrived in Virginia in 1663-1664 [6]
  • Stephen Pine, who landed in Virginia in 1663 [6]
  • Walter Pine, who arrived in Virginia in 1664 [6]
  • An Pine, who settled in Virginia in 1665
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Pine Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Angelique Pine, aged 44, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1785 [6]
  • Robert Pine, who arrived in America in 1796 [6]
Pine Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William Pine, aged 46, who landed in New York in 1812 [6]
  • Rare Pine, aged 47, who landed in Maryland in 1812 [6]
  • John M Pine, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [6]
  • Josef Pine, aged 28, who landed in New York, NY in 1893 [6]
Pine Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Mr. Charles Edward Pine, (b. 1874), aged 26, Cornish miner, from Gunnislake, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Lucania" arriving at Ellis Island, New York in 18th August 1900 en route to Central City, Colorado, USA [7]

Canada Pine migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Pine Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Abraham Pine U.E. who settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 member of the Cape Ann Association [8]
  • Mr. Alpheus Pine U.E. born in New York, USA who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 he became a Freeman in 1800 [8]
  • Mr. Amos Pine U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [8]
  • Mr. Chese Pine U.E., (Chase) who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1784 [8]
  • Mr. Hybecker Pine U.E. who settled in St. Andrews, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Pine Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Calvin Pine, who landed in Canada in 1830
  • Ebenezer Pine, who arrived in Canada in 1831
  • William Pine, aged 30, a sawyer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Latona" from Exeter
  • Mr. James Pine, (b. 1837), aged 18, Cornish tile maker departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, he died in the sinking [9]
  • Miss Sarah A. Pine, (b. 1830), aged 25, Cornish servant departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, she died in the sinking [9]

Australia Pine migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Pine Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John P. Pine, aged 39, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Epaminondas" [10]
  • David Pine, aged 14, a bricklayer, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Telegraph"
  • Edward Pine, aged 11, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Telegraph"
  • John Pine, aged 17, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Telegraph"
  • Mary Pine, aged 15, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Telegraph"
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Pine migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Pine Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Robert Pine (Pirie), (b. 1847), aged 22, British farm labourer travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Hydaspes" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 30th September 1869 [11]
  • Miss Mary A. Pine, (b. 1854), aged 26, Cornish cook departing on 7th August 1880 aboard the ship "Wanganui" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 18th October 1880 [12]

Contemporary Notables of the name Pine (post 1700) +

  • William Bliss Pine (1877-1942), American politician, U.S. Senator from Oklahoma
  • Marsh C. Pine, American politician, Mayor of Chico, California, 1960 [13]
  • Kymberly Pine, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Hawaii, 2008 [13]
  • Joshua Pine, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Delaware County, 1806-07 [13]
  • James A. Pine, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Maryland, 1952 (alternate), 1964; Member of Maryland State Senate, 1959-74 [13]
  • Isaac Pine, American politician, Member of New Jersey State House of Assembly from Gloucester County, 1812-17 [13]
  • Edward Pine, American Republican politician, Candidate for New York State Senate 28th District, 1956 [13]
  • David A. Pine, American politician, U.S. Attorney for the District of Columbia, 1937-40 [13]
  • Cynthia Pine (b. 1950), American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Michigan, 2004, 2008 (alternate); Supervisor of Hamburg Township, Michigan, 2007 [13]
  • Charles H. Pine, American politician, Speaker of the Connecticut State House of Representatives, 1883 [13]
  • ... (Another 12 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Royal Oak
  • Bertie Pine (1906-1939), British Chief Petty Officer Writer with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [14]


  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York: Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  4. ^ Worth, R.N., A History of Devonshire London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G., 1895. Digital
  5. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  8. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  9. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/wreck_of_emigrant_ship_john_1855.pdf
  10. ^ South Australian Register Monday 26th December 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Epaminondas 1853. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/epaminondas1853.shtml.
  11. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  12. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Auckland 1872-80 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  13. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 23) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  14. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html


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