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Subsidy Rolls

The Subsidy Rolls were taxation records of England and Wales that began in 1332 and continued until the Hearth Tax Returns or 1662 to 1674. Each roll was published by county.

As with most rolls of the feudal era, they were an attempt to record population and land holdings for the purposes of taxation. In some cases, they specify the services due from tenants to lords which was typical under the feudal system.

Many of the Rolls have been lost, others have been damaged, those that have survived and are stored in various locations throughout Britain.

County or Shire References [1]

BedfordshireBedforshire Historical Records Soc. 2, 1914; Suffolk Green Books 18.1925
CambridgeshireC. H. Evelyn White, Lay Subsidy for the Year 1327, n.d.
CumberlandJ. P. Steel, Cumberland Lay Subsidy . . .6th Edward III, Kendal 1912
DerbyshireJournal of the Derbyshire Archives and National Historical Society 24, 30, 44,1902-22
DevonA. J. Howard, 1524 Lay Subsidy Roll County of Devon, 1967-8
Dorset Dorset Records Society 4, 1971
KentArch. Cant. 12
Lancashire Lancashire and Cheshire Records Soc. 27, 31, 1893, 1896
LeicestershireAssociated Architectural Societies: Reports and Papers, 19.2, 20.1, 1888, 1889
LondonG. Unwin, Finance and Trade under Edward III, Manchester 1918; E. Ekwall, Two Early London Subsidy Rolls, Lund 1951
NorthumberlandArchaeologia Aeliana 3rd Series 13, 1916
ShropshireTrans. Shropshire Archives and National Historical Society 2nd Series 1, 4, 5, 8, 10, 11, 3rd Series 5-7
Somerset Somerset Records Society 3, 1889
StaffordshireSalt Archives Society (OS) 7, 10, 1886, 1889
SuffolkE. Powell, The Rising in East Anglia in 1381, Cambridge 1896; A Suffolk Hundred in 1283, Cambridge 1896; Suffolk Green Books 9, 10, 12, 1906-10
Surrey Surrey Records Society 18, 33, 1922, 1932
Sussex Sussex Records Society 10, 56, 1910, 1956
WarwickshireDugdale Society 6, 1926
Wiltshire Wiltshire Archives and National Historical Society 10, 1954
Worcestershire Worcestershire Historical. Society, 4 vols., 1893-1900
YorkshireThoresby Soc. 2, 1891; Yorkshire Archives Society 16, 21, 74, 1894, 1897, 1929


  1. ^ Reaney P.H. A Dictionary of English Surnames, London: Routledge pp. lxviii ISBN 0-415-05737-X
  2. ^ Swyrich, Archive materials

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