The distinguished surname Petray emerged among the industrious people of Flanders
, which was an important trading partner and political ally of Britain during the Middle Ages. As a result of the frequent commercial intercourse between the Flemish
and English nations, many Flemish
migrants settled in Britain. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name
. One of the most common classes of surname is the patronymic
surname, which was usually derived from the first name of the person's father. Flemish
surnames of this type are often characterized by the diminutive suffix -kin,
which became very frequent in England
during the 14th century. The surname Petray is derived from the personal name Peter.
This is derived from the Latin name Petrus,
which in turn comes from the Greek name Petros.
The word petros
Peter was an extremely popular personal name in medieval Europe since it was the name conferred by Christ upon the apostle Simon bar Jonah. He became St. Peter and is regarded as the founding figure of the Christian Church.
Early Origins of the Petray family
The surname Petray was first found in Lincolnshire
, where a bearer of Petrus was on record in the Domesday Book
Other early records include Ralph Peter listed in the Pipe Rolls in Hertfordshire in 1195; Luke Petre listed in London in 1282 and a William Petres listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Somerset of 1327. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Another branch of the family was established in early days at West Horndon in Essex. "This parish, in ancient documents called Thorndon, and Little Horndon, is remarkable for the splendid mansion of Lord Petre, named Thorndon Hall, which is beautifully situated on an eminence, surrounded by an extensive and richly wooded park." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Petray family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Petray research.Another 272 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1603, 1643, 1645, 1549, 1613, 1598, 1660, 1631, 1699, 1505, 1572, 1626, 1684, 1633, 1706, 1688, 1689, 1713 and are included under the topic Early Petray History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Petray Spelling Variations
surnames are characterized by a large number of spelling variations
. One reason for this is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. The spellings of surnames were also influenced by the official court languages, which were French and Latin. Names were rarely spelled consistently in medieval times. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to specific spelling rules, and people often had their names registered in several different forms throughout their lives. One of the greatest reasons for change is the linguistic uniqueness of the Flemish
settlers in England
, who spoke a language closely related to Dutch. The pronunciation and spelling of Flemish
names were often altered to suit the tastes of English-speaking people. In many cases, the first, final, or middle syllables of surnames were eliminated. The name has been spelled Peters, Peter, Petre, Petry and others.
Early Notables of the Petray family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include John Petre, 1st Baron
Petre (1549-1613), Lord-Lieutenant of Essex; Hugh Peters (or Peter) (1598-1660), an English preacher in Essex; Edward Petre (1631-1699), English Jesuit and privy councillor, a close adviser to King James II; Sir William... Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Petray Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Petray family to Ireland
Some of the Petray family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 117 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Petray family to the New World and Oceana
An examination into the immigration and passenger lists has discovered a number of people bearing the name Petray: John Peter, who arrived in Virginia in 1635; David Peters settled in Georgia with his wife Eleanor and four children in 1733; Anthony, Catherine, Charles, George, Henry, John, Martin, Michael, Phillip, Simon, William Peter all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860.
Contemporary Notables of the name Petray (post 1700)
- Craig R. Petray, American Chief Executive Officer of The NutraSweet Company
The Petray Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Invidia major
Motto Translation: Superior to envy.