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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English-Alt, English, German


The distinguished surname Peter emerged among the industrious people of Flanders, which was an important trading partner and political ally of Britain during the Middle Ages. As a result of the frequent commercial intercourse between the Flemish and English nations, many Flemish migrants settled in Britain. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name. One of the most common classes of surname is the patronymic surname, which was usually derived from the first name of the person's father. Flemish surnames of this type are often characterized by the diminutive suffix -kin, which became very frequent in England during the 14th century. The surname Peter is derived from the personal name Peter. This is derived from the Latin name Petrus, which in turn comes from the Greek name Petros. The word petros means rock or stone. Peter was an extremely popular personal name in medieval Europe since it was the name conferred by Christ upon the apostle Simon bar Jonah. He became St. Peter and is regarded as the founding figure of the Christian Church.

Peter Early Origins



The surname Peter was first found in Lincolnshire, where a bearer of Petrus was on record in the Domesday Book of 1086. Other early records include Ralph Peter listed in the Pipe Rolls in Hertfordshire in 1195; Luke Petre listed in London in 1282 and a William Petres listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Somerset of 1327. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Another branch of the family was established in early days at West Horndon in Essex. "This parish, in ancient documents called Thorndon, and Little Horndon, is remarkable for the splendid mansion of Lord Petre, named Thorndon Hall, which is beautifully situated on an eminence, surrounded by an extensive and richly wooded park." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

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Peter Spelling Variations


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Peter Spelling Variations



Flemish surnames are characterized by a large number of spelling variations. One reason for this is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. The spellings of surnames were also influenced by the official court languages, which were French and Latin. Names were rarely spelled consistently in medieval times. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to specific spelling rules, and people often had their names registered in several different forms throughout their lives. One of the greatest reasons for change is the linguistic uniqueness of the Flemish settlers in England, who spoke a language closely related to Dutch. The pronunciation and spelling of Flemish names were often altered to suit the tastes of English-speaking people. In many cases, the first, final, or middle syllables of surnames were eliminated. The name has been spelled Peters, Peter, Petre, Petry and others.

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Peter Early History


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Peter Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Peter research. Another 409 words (29 lines of text) covering the years 1603, 1643, 1645, 1549, 1613, 1598, 1660, 1631, 1699, 1505, 1572, 1626, 1684, 1633, 1706, 1688, 1689, 1713 and are included under the topic Early Peter History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Peter Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Peter Early Notables (pre 1700)



Distinguished members of the family include John Petre, 1st Baron Petre (1549-1613), Lord-Lieutenant of Essex; Hugh Peters (or Peter) (1598-1660), an English preacher in Essex; Edward Petre (1631-1699), English Jesuit and privy councillor, a close adviser to King James II; Sir William...

Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Peter Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Peter In Ireland


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Peter In Ireland



Some of the Peter family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 87 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Peter:

Peter Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • John Peter, who arrived in Virginia in 1635

Peter Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Katrina Peter, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1731
  • Casper Peter, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1731
  • Cathrina Peter, aged 32, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1733
  • Hendrick Peter, aged 26, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1733
  • Caspar Peter, who landed in Carolina in 1734
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Peter Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Charlotte Peter, who landed in America in 1816
  • William Peter, age 22, came to New York City in 1820
  • Christian Peter, aged 18, arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1832
  • Abraham Peter, who arrived in Ohio in 1840
  • France Peter, aged 38, arrived in Missouri in 1844
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Peter Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Peter, aged 30, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Forth" in 1833

Peter Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Edward Peter arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Indus" in 1839 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) INDUS 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Indus.htm
  • William Peter arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Indus" in 1839 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) INDUS 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Indus.htm
  • William George Peter, aged 31, a miner, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Thetis"

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Contemporary Notables of the name Peter (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Peter (post 1700)



  • Victor St. Peter, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Maine, 1964
  • George St. Peter, American Republican politician, Elected Missouri State House of Representatives from Mercer County 1964
  • Francis X. St. Peter, American Republican politician, Presidential Elector for Michigan, 1920; Presidential Elector for Michigan, 1920
  • Werner Peter (b. 1950), former East German football player
  • Samuel Peter (b. 1980), Nigerian heavyweight boxer
  • Philipp Peter (b. 1969), Austrian racing car driver
  • John Peter (1937-1998), Indian field hockey player
  • John Peter (1921-1983), Canadian literary scholar and novelist
  • Friedrich Peter (1921-2005), Austrian politician, who became the leader of the FPO Parliament Group in 1970, and won the Grosses Verdienstkreuz mit Stern

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Suggested Readings for the name Peter


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Suggested Readings for the name Peter



  • Genealogical Record of the Peter Families which Originally Settled in Heidelberg Township Northampton, Now Lehigh County, Pennsylvania by Beulah Peter Klotz.

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Invidia major
Motto Translation: Superior to envy.


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Peter Family Crest Products


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Peter Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) INDUS 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Indus.htm

Other References

  1. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  2. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  3. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  4. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  5. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  7. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  8. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  9. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  10. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  11. ...

The Peter Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Peter Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 20 June 2016 at 12:07.

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