Giles History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Giles reached England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is based on the medieval given name Giles. This name is derived from the Greek aigidion, which means kid, or young goat.

Early Origins of the Giles family

The surname Giles was first found in Lincolnshire where they had been granted lands by King William after the Norman Conquest in 1066 A.D.

Important Dates for the Giles family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Giles research. Another 139 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1273, 1296, 1317, 1346, 1680, 1755, 1652, 1621, 1644, 1640 and 1709 are included under the topic Early Giles History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Giles Spelling Variations

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries. For that reason, spelling variations are common among many Anglo-Norman names. The shape of the English language was frequently changed with the introduction of elements of Norman French, Latin, and other European languages; even the spelling of literate people's names were subsequently modified. Giles has been recorded under many different variations, including Giles, Gyles, Jiles and others.

Early Notables of the Giles family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Gyles (ca.1680-1755), American interpreter and soldier, best known for his account of his experiences with the Malecite tribes...
Another 27 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Giles Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Giles family to Ireland

Some of the Giles family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Giles migration to the United States

To escape the uncertainty of the political and religious uncertainty found in England, many English families boarded ships at great expense to sail for the colonies held by Britain. The passages were expensive, though, and the boats were unsafe, overcrowded, and ridden with disease. Those who were hardy and lucky enough to make the passage intact were rewarded with land, opportunity, and social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families went on to be important contributors to the young nations of Canada and the United States where they settled. Giless were some of the first of the immigrants to arrive in North America:

Giles Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Jonathan Giles, who arrived in Virginia in 1619 [1]
  • Jonathin Giles, who landed in Virginia in 1623 [1]
  • Margrett Giles, who arrived in Virginia in 1623 [1]
  • Hen Giles, who landed in Virginia in 1634 [1]
  • Edward Giles who settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1634
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Giles Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Job Giles, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [1]
  • Robert Giles, who landed in Virginia in 1704 [1]
  • Ellis Giles, who arrived in Virginia in 1707 [1]
  • Win Giles, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [1]
  • William Giles, who settled in Maryland in 1719
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Giles Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • George Giles, who arrived in America in 1805 [1]
  • William Giles, who landed in America in 1820 [1]
  • Alexander Giles, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1830 [1]
  • John Giles, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840 [1]
  • Thomas W Giles, who landed in Boston, Maas in 1840 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Giles migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Giles Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • William Giles, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749
  • William Giles, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Jona Giles, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Nathan Giles, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • Edward Giles, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Giles Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Giles, who settled in Torbay, Newfoundland in 1801 [2]
  • William Giles, who arrived in Canada in 1830
  • Mary Giles, aged 20, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Charlotte" from Cork, Ireland
  • Nancy Giles, aged 36, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Charlotte" from Cork, Ireland
  • Mr. Enoch Giles, aged 2 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Rosalinda" departing 22nd June 1847 from Belfast, Ireland; the ship arrived on 7th August 1847 but he died on board [3]

Giles migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Giles Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Giles(b. 1775), aged 45, Cornish settler convicted in Cornwall, UK on 9th August 1819, sentenced for 7 years for stealing cordage, transported aboard the ship "Prince of Orange" in October 1820 to Australia [4]
  • Mr. John Giles, (b. 1795), aged 33 born in Bodmin, Cornwall, UK convicted in Somerset on 29th March 1828, sentenced for 14 years for Burglary, transported aboard the ship "York" in 1829 to Van Diemen's Land, Tasmania, Australia [5]
  • Abraham Giles, English convict from Somerset, who was transported aboard the "Argyle" on March 5th, 1831, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [6]
  • William Giles, English convict from Berkshire, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [7]
  • W. Henry Giles, aged 23, a labourer, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Buffalo" in 1836 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Giles migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Giles Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Henry Giles, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • John Giles, aged 27, a farm labourer, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Olympus" in 1841
  • Mr. John Giles, (b. 1813), aged 27, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Olympus" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 20th April 1841 [9]
  • Miss Ada Augusta Oriental Giles, (b. 1856), aged Infant, British settler born aboard the ship "Oriental" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th February 1856 [9]
  • Mr. Launcelot Giles, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Oriental" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th February 1856 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Giles (post 1700)

  • Major-General Benjamin Franklin Giles (1892-1974), American Commanding General of the U.S. Army Forces Africa-Middle East Theater (1945-1946) [10]
  • Lieutenant-General Barney McKinney Giles (1892-1984), American Commanding General of the U.S. Army Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific (1945-1946) [11]
  • Marcus William Giles (b. 1978), American Major League baseball player
  • William Branch Giles (1762-1830), American statesman, and politician, governor of Virginia (1827-1830)
  • Michael Rex Giles (b. 1942), English drummer, best known as a co-founder of King Crimson (1969)
  • William "Ernest" Powell Giles (1835-1897), English-born, Australian explorer who led three major expeditions in central Australia
  • Ashley Giles (b. 1973), English cricketer
  • Patricia Jessie Giles AM (1928-2017), née White, Australian women's activist and politician, Senator for Western Australia (1981-1993)
  • Stephen Giles (b. 1972), Canadian Olympic three-time bronze medalist sprint canoer
  • Ronald "Carl" Giles (1916-1995), British cartoonist for the Daily Express
  • ... (Another 3 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Giles family

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. William Giles (1890-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [12]
HMS Royal Oak
  • William Henry Giles (1917-1939), British Stoker 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. John Robert Giles (d. 1912), aged 30, English Baker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Edgar Giles (d. 1912), aged 21, English Second Class passenger from Porthleven, Cornwall who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Frederick Edward Giles (d. 1912), aged 20, English Second Class passenger from Porthleven, Cornwall who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Ralph Giles (d. 1912), aged 25, English Second Class passenger from London, England who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [14]

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  3. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 77)
  4. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  5. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/tasmanian_convicts_cornish.pdf
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Argyle voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1831 with 251 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/argyle/1831
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HMS BUFFALO 1836. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Buffalo.htm
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 5) Benjamin Giles. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Giles/Benjamin_Franklin/USA.html
  11. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 5) Barney Giles. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Giles/Barney_McKinney/USA.html
  12. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  13. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  14. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
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