Gardner History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The history of the name Gardner dates back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from a member of the family who worked as a gardener. The surname Gardner originally derived from the Old French word gardinier. It was later adopted in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Occupational names that were derived from the common trades of the medieval era transcended European cultural and linguistic boundaries. Occupational names have remained fairly common in the modern period. This is attested to by the continuing appearance of occupational suffixes at the end of many English surnames. Some of these suffixes include: herd, monger, maker, hewer, smith, and wright. Similarly, surnames of office, which include military, judicial, papal and other positions of authority, are widespread throughout Europe. Those who were involved in the military, or feudal armies, were given names such as the English surname Archer, the French name Chevalier and the German name Jeger, which means hunter. Names that were derived from judicial and papal titles, such asBailiffe, Squire and Abbott, are still commonly seen with the same surname spelling today.

Early Origins of the Gardner family

The surname Gardner was first found in Oxfordshire where they held a family seat from very early times. Early records show William le Gardinier in county Rutland in 1199; William Gardin, listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Huntingdon in 1218, John atte Gardyne, listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296; and Walter le Gardiner listed in the Subsidy Rolls for London in 1292.

Important Dates for the Gardner family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gardner research. Another 86 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1300, 1370, 1426, 1454, 1545, 1493, 1555, 1531, 1478, 1591, 1662, 1640, 1592, 1674, 1624, 1599, 1663, 1635, 1637, 1705, 1695, 1705, 1604 and are included under the topic Early Gardner History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gardner Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Gardner has undergone many spelling variations, including Gardiner, Gardner and others.

Early Notables of the Gardner family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Stephen Gardiner (c.1493-1555), English prelate, who was made Bishop of Winchester (1531); Richard Gardyner, Lord Mayor of London in 1478; Thomas Gardiner (1591-1662), an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1640, supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War; Thomas Gardner (c. 1592-1674), English settler to Massachusetts, Overseer of...
Another 64 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gardner Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Gardner family to Ireland

Some of the Gardner family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 100 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gardner migration to the United States

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Gardner were among those contributors:

Gardner Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Thomas Gardner, who landed in Massachusetts in 1624 [1]
  • Henry Gardner, who arrived in New England in 1631 [1]
  • Lyon Gardner, aged 36, who arrived in America in 1635 [1]
  • Ann Gardner, aged 36, who landed in Barbados in 1635 [1]
  • Arm Gardner, aged 36, who landed in Barbados in 1635 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Gardner Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Jasper Gardner, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [1]
  • Peeter Gardner, who landed in New York in 1709 [1]
  • Ringing Gardner, who landed in Virginia in 1711 [1]
  • Rachel Gardner, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [1]
  • Thoda Gardner, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1718 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Gardner Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Gardner, who landed in America in 1804 [1]
  • Elizabeth Gardner, who landed in New York, NY in 1815 [1]
  • Eleanor Gardner, who landed in New York, NY in 1815 [1]
  • Debarah Gardner, who arrived in New York, NY in 1815 [1]
  • Deborah Gardner, who arrived in New York, NY in 1815 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Gardner migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Gardner Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • James Gardner, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Thomas Gardner, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mary Gardner, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Luke Gardner was a shoreman of St. John's, Newfoundland in 1758 [2]
  • Mr. Alexander Gardner U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Gardner Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • James Gardner, who arrived in Canada in 1812
  • James Gardner, aged 17, who landed in Canada in 1812
  • Robert Gardner, who landed in Canada in 1815
  • Robert Gardner, aged 32, a farmer, who arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • William Gardner, who arrived in Canada in 1831
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Gardner Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • Miss D Gardner, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Gardner migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Gardner Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Gardner, English convict from Kent, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • James Gardner, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [5]
  • William Gardner, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1839 [6]
  • Mary Gardner, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cheapside" in 1849 [7]
  • D. Gardner, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Watson" in 1849 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Gardner migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Gardner Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • George Gardner, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • Robert Gardner, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship Geo Fife
  • William Gardner, who landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1842
  • William Gardner, aged 39, a ropemaker, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
  • Margaret Gardner, aged 40, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Gardner (post 1700)

  • John William Gardner (1912-2002), American Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under President Lyndon Johnson, President of the Carnegie Corporation of New York, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Richard Newton Gardner (1927-2019), American Rhodes Scholar and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Italy (1977-1981), United States Ambassador to Spain (1993-1997)
  • Floyd "Jelly" Gardner (1895-1977), American baseball player in the Negro Leagues
  • William H. "Speed" Gardner (1895-1972), American racecar driver from East Liberty, Pennsylvania
  • James Knoll Gardner (1940-2017), American jurist, U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania (2002-2017)
  • Arthur Gardner (1910-2014), born Arthur Goldberg, an American actor and film producer, best known for his television western, The Rifleman (1958-1963) and The Big Valley (1965-1969)
  • James Daniel Gardner (1839-1905), Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm
  • Booth Gardner (1936-2013), American politician, 19th Governor of Washington state (1985 to 1993), Ambassador of the GATT
  • Donald Yetter Gardner (1913-2004), American music teacher who wrote the classic Christmas song "All I Want For Christmas Is My Two Front Teeth"
  • Brigadier-General John Henry Gardner (1893-1944), American Commanding General Signal Corps Aircraft Signal Service (1943) [9]
  • ... (Another 24 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Gardner family

Flight 191
  • R Gardner, American passenger from San Diego, California, USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash [10]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. Walter  Gardner (1897-1917), English Ordinary Seaman aboard the HMCS Niobe from Cheshire, England, United Kingdom who died in the explosion [11]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. James D Gardner (b. 1907), English Petty Officer Telegraphist serving for the Royal Navy from Marylebone, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [12]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. George Rosser Gardner, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Leonard Ralph Gardner, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [14]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. William George Gardner, English Second Waiter from Waterloo, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [15]
  • Mr. Alfred Gardner, English Trimmer from Bootle, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. James Andrew Gardner, New Zealander 2nd Class passenger from New Zealand, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [16]
  • Master William Gerard Gardner, New Zealander 2nd Class passenger from New Zealand, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [16]
  • Master Eric Gardner, New Zealander 2nd Class passenger from New Zealand, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [16]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

You May Also Like

Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  3. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1823
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HOOGHLY 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Hooghly.htm
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CHEAPSIDE 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Cheapside.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The barque WILLIAM WATSON 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849WilliamWatson.htm
  9. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 5) John Gardner. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Gardner/John_Henry/USA.html
  10. ^ Flight 191's Victims - latimes. (Retrieved 2014, April 16) . Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/1985-08-04/news/mn-4349_1_fort-lauderdale-area
  11. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  12. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  13. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  14. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  15. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 10) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  16. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
Shipping
Fastest Delivery Possible

Digital Products on Checkout, all other products filled in 1 business day

Money Back
Money Back Guarantee

Yes, all products 100% Guaranteed

Support
BBB A+ Rating

The Best Rating possible

Payment
Secure Online Payment

Entire site uses SSL / Secure Certificate