Carter History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The ancestry of the name Carter can be traced back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is a name for a person who builds carts. Another alternative origin of this surname is guard which is derived from the Old English word Caretarius or Carda. [1] [2]

The Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae listed William Cartier, of Normandy, 1195 and Ralph Caretarius, of Winchester, 1148. [3]

Early Origins of the Carter family

The surname Carter was first found in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 where Jocius Caretarius, Oxfordshire; Juliana le Cartere, Cambridgeshire; Nicholas le Carter, Oxfordshire; John le Cartere, Norfolk; Robert le Caretter, Huntingdonshire; and Margaret le Careter, Huntingdonshire were lall listed, some still in their Latin form of the name. [4]

The name is "well distributed over England. It is best represented in Cheshire and Essex, and afterwards in Cambridgeshire, Devon, and Sussex." [5]

By the 15th and 16th centuries, the family was also found in Scotland. "James Cartare witness in Edinburgh, 1439. Hob Carter was a tenant on lands of the Abbey of Kelso, 1567." [6]

Important Dates for the Carter family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Carter research. Another 96 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1250, 1540, 1605, 1530, 1590, 1553, 1534, 1584, 1554, 1635, 1554, 1655, 1619, 1676, 1654, 1660, 1617, 1668, 1654, 1656, 1672, 1745, 1672, 1660, 1648, 1608, 1684, 1637, 1642 and are included under the topic Early Carter History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Carter Spelling Variations

Carter has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Many variations of the name Carter have been found, including Carter, Carters and others.

Early Notables of the Carter family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Oliver Carter (1540?-1605), English divine, probably a native of that part of Richmondshire which is in the county of Lancaster. Peter Carter (1530?-1590), was a writer on logic, a native of Lancashire, and took the degree of B.A. at St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1553-1534. William Carter (d. 1584), was a printer, son of John Carter, a draper of London. John Carter the Elder (1554-1635), was an English divine, born at Wickham, Kent, in 1554, educated at Clare Hall, Cambridge. John Carter the Younger (d. 1655), was also a divine, born in his father's parish...
Another 171 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Carter Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Carter family to Ireland

Some of the Carter family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 68 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Carter migration to the United States

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Carters to arrive on North American shores:

Carter Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Christopher Carter, aged 45, who arrived in St Christopher in 1633 [7]
  • Anto Carter, aged 22, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [7]
  • Barb Carter, who arrived in Virginia in 1649 [7]
  • Elizabeth Carter, who landed in Maryland in 1651 [7]
  • David Carter, who arrived in Virginia in 1662 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Carter Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Him Carter, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [7]
  • Eliza Carter, who arrived in Virginia in 1724 [7]
  • Charles Carter, who arrived in Mississippi in 1798 [7]
  • Charles Carter, who was naturalized in Mississippi in 1798
  • Benjamin Carter, who landed in Mississippi in 1799 [7]
Carter Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Andrew Carter, who landed in America in 1818 [7]
  • Mr. Carter, who landed in Mobile Ala in 1821 [7]
  • Edith Ann Carter, who arrived in Baltimore in 1826
  • Alicia Carter, who arrived in Boston in 1849
  • Emma Carter, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Carter Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Alexander Kirkland Carter, who arrived in Alabama in 1924 [7]

Carter migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Carter Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Chris Carter, who immigrated to St. John's, Newfoundland in 1705 [8]
  • Davd Jonathn Carter, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Eliz Carter, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Ann Carter, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Charles Carter, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Carter Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Timothy Carter, aged 29, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Lord Goderich" from London, England
  • Mary Carter, aged 27, a his, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Lord Goderich" from London, England
  • Mary Carter Junior, aged 3 months, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Lord Goderich" from London, England
  • John Carter, aged 22, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Bartley" in 1833
  • Sophia Carter, aged 22, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Bartley" in 1833
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Carter migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Carter Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Carter, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • Benjamin Carter, a tailor, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Ellen Carter, English convict from Wiltshire, who was transported aboard the "America" on December 30, 1830, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [10]
  • Crisp Harridge Carter, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1839 [11]
  • Eliza Carter, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Lilford" in 1839 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Carter migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

  • Miss Mary A. Carter, (b. 1860), aged 12, Cornish settler departing on 13th September 1872 aboard the ship "Christian McAusland" going to Bluff or Otago, New Zealand arriving in port on 5th December 1872 [13]
  • Miss Catherine Carter, (b. 1858), aged 14, Cornish settler departing on 13th September 1872 aboard the ship "Christian McAusland" going to Bluff or Otago, New Zealand arriving in port on 5th December 1872 [13]
Carter Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • B Carter, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1837
  • Charles Carter, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Joseph Carter, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Aurora
  • Joseph Carter, aged 28, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • Ann Carter, aged 27, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Carter (post 1700)

  • Donald J. Carter (1933-2018), American investor and businessman, founding owner of the NBA Dallas Mavericks
  • Valerie Carter (1953-2017), American singer-songwriter and back-up vocalist for Linda Ronstadt, Don Henley, Christopher Cross, Jackson Browne, The Outlaws and James Taylor
  • Jackie Carter (1953-2016), African-American children's book editor and author
  • William Lacy "Bill" Carter Jr. (1925-2017), American businessman and politician, Member of the Tennessee House of Representatives (1971-1974)
  • Myra Carter (1929-2016), American Drama Desk Award winning actress of stage, screen and television who won a Joe A. Callaway Award for her performance in King John
  • Rubin "Hurricane" Carter (1937-2014), American middleweight boxer who was wrongly convicted of murder, inspiration of the Bob Dylan song "Hurricane," and the 1999 film The Hurricane
  • Ty Michael Carter (1980-2013), United States Army staff sergeant who served in the War in Afghanistan, recipient of the Medal of Honor, on August 26, 2013
  • Keith Eyre Carter (1924-2013), American Olympic silver medalist swimmer at the 1948 Summer Olympics
  • Gary Edmund "Kid" Carter (1954-2012), American Major League Baseball catcher, inductee into the National Baseball Hall of Fame (2003)
  • Brigadier-General Ellerbe Winn Carter (1884-1972), American Commanding Officer Artillery 7th Division (1942-1943) [14]
  • ... (Another 25 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Carter family

Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Mark E Carter (b. 1963), American Sergeant from Fayetteville, North Carolina, USA who died in the crash [15]
  • Mr. Troy G Carter (b. 1944), American Captain from Fort Campbell, Kentucky, USA who died in the crash [15]
  • Mr. Gregory Thomas Carter (b. 1966), American Private 1st Class from Covina, California, USA who died in the crash [15]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Harold Hewitt Carter (1879-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [16]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. Alfred  Carter (1879-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [17]
  • Miss Clara  Carter (1917-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [17]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Robert J W Carter (b. 1922), English Marine serving for the Royal Marine from Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [18]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Stanley Carter, British Stoker 2nd Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [19]
  • Mr. Robert Carter (b. 1917), English Ordinary Seaman from England, who sailed on the HMS Prince of Wales prior to its sinking [19]
  • Mr. Charles Carter, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [19]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Ralph Carter, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, but was listed as missing in action in 1941 [20]
  • Mr. John Carter, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Kenneth Herbert Carter, British Able Seaman-Gunner, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [20]
HMS Royal Oak
  • William Frederick Carter (1914-1939), British Seaman with the Royal Navy Reserve aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [21]
  • Rowland William Hill Carter (1915-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [21]
  • Gordon William Carter (1919-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [21]
  • John Carter (d. 1939), British Leading Stoker with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [21]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. James W. Carter (d. 1912), aged 46, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [22]
  • Father Ernest Courtenay Carter (d. 1912), aged 54, English Second Class passenger from London, England who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [22]
  • Mrs. Lilian Carter (d. 1912), (née Hughes), aged 45, English Second Class passenger from London, England who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [22]
  • Mrs. Lucile Carter, (née Polk), aged 36, American First Class passenger from Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 4 [22]
  • Master William Thornton II Carter, aged 11, American First Class passenger from Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 4 [22]
  • ... (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Edward J. Carter, American Platoon Sergeant working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [23]
  • Mr. Burton Lowell Carter, American Seaman Second Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [23]
  • Mr. Paxton Turner Carter, American Warrant Officer-Pay Clerk from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [23]

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Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  3. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  6. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 26) America voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1830 with 135 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/america/1830
  11. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HOOGHLY 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Hooghly.htm
  12. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LADY LILFORD 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839LadyLilford.htm
  13. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  14. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) Ellerbe Carter. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Carter/Ellerbe_Winn/USA.html
  15. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  16. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  17. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  18. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  19. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  20. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  21. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  22. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  23. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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