The Anglo- Norman Conquest
lead by Strongbow
introduced the first non-Gaelic elements into Irish nomenclature. These Anglo- Normans
brought some traditions to Ireland
that were not readily found within Gaelic system of hereditary surnames
. One of the best examples of this is the local
surnames, such as Cantell, were taken from the name of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born. These surnames were very common in England
, but were almost non-existent within Ireland
previous to the conquest. The earliest surnames of this type came from Normandy
, but as the Normans
moved, they often created names in reference to where they actually resided. Therefore, some settlers eventually took names from Irish places. Originally, these place names were prefixed by de, which means from in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname, if the place name began with a vowel, or was eliminated entirely. The Cantell family originally lived in the place called Cauntelo in Northern France. Early medieval deeds record the surname Cantell as de Cantelupo, the Latin equivalent of the Norman name de Cauntelo. Before their migration to Ireland
, the Cantell family spent a long period in England
. The shrine of St. Thomas de Cantelupe, who was the last English saint canonized prior to the Reformation
, is in Hereford Cathedral.
Early Origins of the Cantell family
The surname Cantell was first found in County Kerry
(Irish:Ciarraí) part of the former County Desmond
(14th-17th centuries), located in Southwestern Ireland
, in Munster
province, where they held a family seat
at Ballyheige where they had been granted lands after the Norman invasion
in 1172 by Strongbow
As one would expect, not all of the family moved to Ireland. Bingley in the West Riding of Yorkshire was an ancient family seat. "This place is one of the thirty two lordships granted by the Conqueror to Erneis de Berun, from whose descendants it was conveyed to the Paganells and the Gants, and afterwards to the Cantilupe family." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Cantell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cantell research.Another 86 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1275, 1299, 1680 and 1734 are included under the topic Early Cantell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cantell Spelling Variations
Church officials and medieval scribes often spelled early surnames as they sounded. This practice often resulted in many spelling variations
of even a single name. Early versions of the name Cantell included: Cantillon, Cantilon, Cantlin, Cantilupe, Cantlowe, Cantelowe, Cantell, Cantillion, Cantlon, Cantlow and many more.
Early Notables of the Cantell family (pre 1700)
Another 49 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cantell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cantell family to the New World and Oceana
went through one of the most devastating periods in its history with the arrival of the Great Potato Famine
of the 1840s. Many also lost their lives from typhus, fever and dysentery. And poverty was the general rule as tenant
farmers were often evicted because they could not pay the high rents. Emigration to North America gave hundreds of families a chance at a life where work, freedom, and land ownership were all possible. For those who made the long journey, it meant hope and survival. The Irish emigration to British North America and the United States opened up the gates of industry, commerce, education and the arts. Early immigration and passenger lists have shown many Irish people bearing the name Cantell:
Cantell Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Mary Cantell, who landed in Maryland in 1680 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Cantell Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Charles Cantell, aged 25, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865
- Susannah Cantell, aged 24, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865
- Joseph Cantell, aged 16, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Avalanche" in 1875
Cantell Family Crest Products
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)