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The history of the name Gardner dates back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from a member of the family who worked as a gardener. The surname Gardner originally derived from the Old French word gardinier. It was later adopted in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Occupational names that were derived from the common trades of the medieval era transcended European cultural and linguistic boundaries. Occupational names have remained fairly common in the modern period. This is attested to by the continuing appearance of occupational suffixes at the end of many English surnames. Some of these suffixes include: herd, monger, maker, hewer, smith, and wright. Similarly, surnames of office, which include military, judicial, papal and other positions of authority, are widespread throughout Europe. Those who were involved in the military, or feudal armies, were given names such as the English surname Archer, the French name Chevalier and the German name Jeger, which means hunter. Names that were derived from judicial and papal titles, such asBailiffe, Squire and Abbott, are still commonly seen with the same surname spelling today.

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The surname Gardner was first found in Oxfordshire where they held a family seat from very early times. Early records show William le Gardinier in county Rutland in 1199; William Gardin, listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Huntingdon in 1218, John atte Gardyne, listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296; and Walter le Gardiner listed in the Subsidy Rolls for London in 1292.

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Gardner has undergone many spelling variations, including Gardiner, Gardner and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gardner research. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1300, 1370, 1426, 1454, 1545, 1493, 1555, 1531, 1478, 1591, 1662, 1640, 1592, 1674, 1624, 1599, 1663, 1635, 1637, 1705, 1695, 1705, 1604 and are included under the topic Early Gardner History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Stephen Gardiner (c.1493-1555), English prelate, who was made Bishop of Winchester (1531); Richard Gardyner, Lord Mayor of London in 1478; Thomas Gardiner (1591-1662), an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1640, supporter of the Royalist cause in...

Another 78 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gardner Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Gardner family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 187 words (13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Gardner were among those contributors:

Gardner Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Thomas Gardner, who landed in Massachusetts in 1624
  • Henry Gardner, who arrived in New England in 1631
  • Lyon Gardner, aged 36, arrived in America in 1635
  • Ann Gardner, aged 36, landed in Barbados in 1635
  • Arm Gardner, aged 36, landed in Barbados in 1635
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Gardner Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Jasper Gardner, who arrived in Virginia in 1701
  • Peeter Gardner, who landed in New York in 1709
  • Ringing Gardner, who landed in Virginia in 1711
  • Rachel Gardner, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
  • Thoda Gardner, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1718
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Gardner Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Gardner, who landed in America in 1804
  • Elizabeth Gardner, who landed in New York, NY in 1815
  • Eleanor Gardner, who landed in New York, NY in 1815
  • Debarah Gardner, who arrived in New York, NY in 1815
  • Deborah Gardner, who arrived in New York, NY in 1815
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Gardner Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • James Gardner, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Thomas Gardner, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mary Gardner, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Luke Gardner was a shoreman of St. John's, Newfoundland in 1758
  • Mr. Alexander Gardner U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
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Gardner Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • James Gardner, who arrived in Canada in 1812
  • James Gardner, aged 17, landed in Canada in 1812
  • Robert Gardner, who landed in Canada in 1815
  • Robert Gardner, aged 32, a farmer, arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • William Gardner, who arrived in Canada in 1831
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Gardner Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century

  • Miss D Gardner, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Gardner Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • James Gardner, English convict from Kent, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • James Gardner, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • William Gardner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1839
  • Mary Gardner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cheapside" in 1849
  • D. Gardner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Watson" in 1849
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Gardner Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • George Gardner landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • Robert Gardner landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship Geo Fife
  • William Gardner landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1842
  • William Gardner, aged 39, a ropemaker, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
  • Margaret Gardner, aged 40, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
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  • Arthur Gardner (1910-2014), born Arthur Goldberg, an American actor and film producer, best known for his television western, The Rifleman (1958-1963) and The Big Valley (1965-1969)
  • James Daniel Gardner (1839-1905), Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm
  • Booth Gardner (1936-2013), American politician, 19th Governor of Washington state (1985 to 1993), Ambassador of the GATT
  • Donald Yetter Gardner (1913-2004), American music teacher who wrote the classic Christmas song "All I Want For Christmas Is My Two Front Teeth"
  • Brigadier-General John Henry Gardner (1893-1944), American Commanding General Signal Corps Aircraft Signal Service (1943)
  • Major-General Grandison Gardner (1892-1973), American Deputy to the Chairman of the US Strategic Bombing Survey (1945-1946)
  • Major-General Fulton Quintus Cincinnatus Gardner (1882-1963), American Commanding Officer Headquarters Detachment, 2nd Army (1945-1946)
  • Carl Edward Gardner (1928-2011), American singer, best known as the founder of The Coasters
  • Richard Newton Gardner (b. 1927), American Rhodes Scholar, Ambassador to Italy (1977-1981) and Ambassador to Spain (1993-1997)
  • Guy Spence Gardner (b. 1948), former NASA Astronaut with over 13 days in space
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Gardner Historic Events



Flight 191

  • R Gardner, American passenger from San Diego, California, USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash on May 25, 1979

Halifax Explosion

  • Mr. Walter  Gardner (1897-1917), English Ordinary Seaman aboard the HMCS Niobe from Cheshire, England, United Kingdom who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917

HMS Hood

  • Mr. James D Gardner (b. 1907), English Petty Officer Telegraphist serving for the Royal Navy from Marylebone, London, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. George Rosser Gardner, British Petty Officer, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died during the sinking

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Leonard Ralph Gardner, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died during the sinking

RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. William George Gardner, English Second Waiter from Waterloo, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered
  • Mr. Alfred Gardner, English Trimmer from Bootle, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking
  • Mr. James Andrew Gardner, New Zealander 2nd Class passenger from New Zealand, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking
  • Master William Gerard Gardner, New Zealander 2nd Class passenger from New Zealand, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking
  • Master Eric Gardner, New Zealander 2nd Class passenger from New Zealand, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking
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  • The Ancestors and Descendants of Henry Wood Gardner and Mary Brown Rathbone by Ellen Gardner Brown.
  • Gardner and Allied Families: Brown, Carson, Clyburn, Du Pont, Guerri, Guild, Ingram, Knight, Michau, Ogburn, Plyler, Rembert, Wells, Welsh by William Leonard Gardner.
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Citations



  1. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Other References

  1. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  2. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  3. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  4. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  5. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  6. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  7. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  8. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  9. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  10. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  11. ...

The Gardner Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gardner Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 25 August 2016 at 13:37.

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