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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015
Origins Available: English, German
Where did the English Gardner family come from? What is the English Gardner family crest and coat of arms? When did the Gardner family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Gardner family history?The history of the name Gardner dates back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from a member of the family who worked as a gardener. The surname Gardner originally derived from the Old French word gardinier. It was later adopted in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Occupational names that were derived from the common trades of the medieval era transcended European cultural and linguistic boundaries. Occupational names have remained fairly common in the modern period. This is attested to by the continuing appearance of occupational suffixes at the end of many English surnames. Some of these suffixes include: herd, monger, maker, hewer, smith, and wright. Similarly, surnames of office, which include military, judicial, papal and other positions of authority, are widespread throughout Europe. Those who were involved in the military, or feudal armies, were given names such as the English surname Archer, the French name Chevalier and the German name Jeger, which means hunter. Names that were derived from judicial and papal titles, such asBailiffe, Squire and Abbott, are still commonly seen with the same surname spelling today.
Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Gardner has undergone many spelling variations, including Gardiner, Gardner and others.
First found in Oxfordshire where they held a family seat from very early times. Early records show William le Gardinier in county Rutland in 1199; William Gardin, listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Huntingdon in 1218, John atte Gardyne, listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296; and Walter le Gardiner listed in the Subsidy Rolls for London in 1292.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gardner research. Another 171 words(12 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1300, 1370, 1426, 1454, 1545, 1493, 1555, 1531, 1478, 1591, 1662, 1640, 1592, 1674, 1624, 1599, 1663, 1635, 1637, 1705, 1695, 1705, 1604 and are included under the topic Early Gardner History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 241 words(17 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gardner Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Gardner family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 187 words(13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Gardner were among those contributors:
Gardner Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Thomas Gardner, who landed in Massachusetts in 1624
- Henry Gardner, who arrived in New England in 1631
- Lyon Gardner, aged 36, arrived in America in 1635
- Ann Gardner, aged 36, landed in Barbados in 1635
- Arm Gardner, aged 36, landed in Barbados in 1635
Gardner Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Jasper Gardner, who arrived in Virginia in 1701
- Peeter Gardner, who landed in New York in 1709
- Ringing Gardner, who landed in Virginia in 1711
- Rachel Gardner, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
- Thoda Gardner, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1718
Gardner Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Thos Gardner, who landed in America in 1804
- Elizabeth Gardner, who landed in New York, NY in 1815
- Eleanor Gardner, who landed in New York, NY in 1815
- Debarah Gardner, who arrived in New York, NY in 1815
- Deborah Gardner, who arrived in New York, NY in 1815
Gardner Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Luke Gardner was a shoreman of St. John's, Newfoundland in 1758
- Mr. Alexander Gardner U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784
- Mr. George Gardner U.E. born in Rhode Island, USA who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 he served as an Alderman
- Mr. Henry Gardner U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784
- Mr. Miles Gardner U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784
Gardner Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Jas Gardner, who arrived in Canada in 1812
- Robt Gardner, who landed in Canada in 1815
- Robert Gardner, aged 32, a farmer, arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
- James Gardner, aged 30, arrived in Saint John aboard the ship "Highlander" in 1834
- John Christon Gardner, aged 12, arrived in Saint John aboard the ship "Highlander" in 1834
Gardner Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
- Miss D Gardner, who landed in St John, New Brunswick in 1907
Gardner Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- James Gardner, English convict from Kent, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- James Gardner, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- William Gardner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1839
- Mary Gardner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cheapside" in 1849
- D. Gardner arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Watson" in 1849
Gardner Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- George Gardner landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
- Robt Gardner landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship Geo Fife
- William Gardner landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1842
- William Gardner, aged 39, a ropemaker, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
- Margaret Gardner, aged 40, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
- Isabella Stewart Gardner (1840-1924), American art collector, philanthropist, and patron of the arts
- Ava Lavinia Gardner (1922-1990), American film actress listed as one of the American Film Institute's greatest stars of all time
- Dale Allen Gardner (1948-2014), American former NASA astronaut who flew two missions in the early 1980s and logged over 14 days in space
- John Champlin Gardner Jr. (1933-1982), American novelist and university professor
- Erle Stanley Gardner (1889-1970), American mystery writer, creator of Perry Mason
- Henry Joseph Gardner (1819-1892), American politician, Governor of Massachusetts (1855-1858)
- Anthony William Gardner (1820-1885), American who became the 9th President of Liberia (1878-1883)
- Herbert George "Herb" Gardner (1934-2003), American commercial artist, cartoonist, playwright, and screenwriter
- Oliver Max Gardner (1882-1947), American politician, governor of North Carolina (1929-1933)
- John William Gardner (1912-2002), American Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under President Lyndon Johnson, President of the Carnegie Corporation of New York, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
- The Ancestors and Descendants of Henry Wood Gardner and Mary Brown Rathbone by Ellen Gardner Brown.
- Gardner and Allied Families: Brown, Carson, Clyburn, Du Pont, Guerri, Guild, Ingram, Knight, Michau, Ogburn, Plyler, Rembert, Wells, Welsh by William Leonard Gardner.
- Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
- Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
- Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
- Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
- Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
- Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
- Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
- Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
- Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
- Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
The Gardner Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gardner Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 11 May 2015 at 10:06.
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