Wheeler History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The many generations and branches of the Wheeler family can all place the origins of their surname with the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. Their name reveals that an early member worked as a wheelwright. In medieval times wheels were wooden and quite fragile and high maintenance. Thus there was a high demand for both wheels and skilled people to make and repair them. [1]

"The name of Houelleur which means 'charron' [cartwright] in English, is as common, at least in the Cotentin, as that of Carron or Charron. I imagine that it was introduced into Normandy during the thirty-two years' occupation of this country by the English. " [2]

Accordingly, the Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae lists Osmondus Huielor, Normandy 1198; William and Roger Huelier, 1180-95. [3]

Early Origins of the Wheeler family

The surname Wheeler was first found in Worcestershire where they held a family seat from ancient times, before and after the Norman Conquest in 1066, at Martin Hussingtree.

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 has only one listing for the family: Hugh le Welere, Cambridgeshire. [1] Kirby's Quest lists "William Wheler, Somerset, 1 Edward III. [during the first year's reign of King Edward III] " [4]

Early History of the Wheeler family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Wheeler research. Another 98 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1603, 1604, 1691, 1591, 1601, 1608, 1615, 1620, 1686, 1642, 1648, 1727, 1647, 1648, 1664, 1656, 1694, 1683, 1650, 1723 and 1603 are included under the topic Early Wheeler History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Wheeler Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Wheeler were recorded, including Wheeler, Wheler, Wheller and others.

Early Notables of the Wheeler family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include John Wheeler ( fl. 1601-1608), secretary of the Merchant Adventurers' Company, was probably born at Great Yarmouth. "He may be identical with the John Wheeler who in 1615 was admitted to the East India Company. " [5] Thomas Wheeler (c.1620-1686), was an English-born, American settler in 1642 and colonial soldier of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Maurice Wheeler (1648?-1727), was an English divine and almanac-maker, born in 1647 or 1648...
Another 71 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Wheeler Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Wheeler family to Ireland

Some of the Wheeler family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 41 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Wheeler migration to the United States +

To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Wheeler family emigrate to North America:

Wheeler Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Hester Wheeler, who landed in Virginia in 1619 [6]
  • Henrie Wheeler, who landed in Virginia in 1620 [6]
  • Isaac Wheeler, who settled in Charlestown, Massachusetts between 1620-1650
  • Henry Wheeler, who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Anders Wheeler, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1627 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Wheeler Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Phillip Wheeler, who landed in Virginia in 1704 [6]
  • Mary Wheeler, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [6]
  • Francis Wheeler, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [6]
  • Henry Wheeler, who arrived in Virginia in 1722 [6]
  • John Wheeler, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1744 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Wheeler Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Josiah Wheeler, aged 22, who landed in South Carolina in 1812 [6]
  • James Wheeler, aged 29, who arrived in New York in 1812 [6]
  • Daniel Wheeler, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1826 [6]
  • George Wheeler, who arrived in New York, NY in 1834 [6]
  • Elijah Wheeler, who arrived in Texas in 1835 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Wheeler migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Wheeler Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Ruth Wheeler, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Abraham Wheeler, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • Mr. Ephraim Wheeler U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784 [7]
  • Mr. George Wheeler U.E. born in Livingston Manor, Albany County, New York, USA who settled in Oromocto, Sunbury County, New Brunswick c. 1784 [7]
  • Mr. Hezekiah Wheeler U.E. who settled in St. Mary's Bay, Digby County, Nova Scotia c. 1784 he served in the Loyalists, listed on the Muster Roll at Gulliver's Hole, St. Mary's Bay and Sissiboo, he served in the Loyalist Regiment [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Wheeler Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Gerhard Wheeler, who landed in Canada in 1832
  • Charles Munro Wheeler, who landed in Canada in 1834

Australia Wheeler migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Wheeler Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Edward Wheeler, English convict who was convicted in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Baring" in April 1815, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • Mr. Joseph Wheeler, English convict who was convicted in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Baring" in April 1815, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • William Wheeler, English convict from Shropshire, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • John Wheeler, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • Francis Wheeler, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Wheeler migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Wheeler Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • William Wheeler, who landed in Tamaki, Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Edwin Wheeler, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mr. Robert Wheeler, (b. 1806), aged 34, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Slains Castle" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 25th January 1841 [12]
  • Mrs. Sarah Wheeler, (b. 1817), aged 23, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Slains Castle" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 25th January 1841 [12]
  • Miss Jean Wheeler, (b. 1836), aged 4, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Slains Castle" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 25th January 1841 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Wheeler (post 1700) +

  • Richard Shaw Wheeler (1935-2019), American author and newspaper editor, best known for his novels set in the American West, 2001 recipient of the Owen Wister Award for lifetime contributions to Western literature
  • Clinton Wheeler (1959-2019), American professional NBA basketball player
  • George Montague Wheeler (1842-1905), American explorer and cartographer, leader of the Wheeler Survey
  • Billy Edward "Edd" Wheeler (b. 1932), American songwriter, performer, writer, and visual artist
  • Daniel Michael "Dan" Wheeler (b. 1977), American Major League Baseball pitcher
  • William A Wheeler (1819-1887), American legislator and politician, Vice-President United States (1877-81)
  • Burton Kendall Wheeler (1882-1975), American politician, Senator for Montana (1923-1947)
  • John Archibald Wheeler (1911-2008), American physicist and educator, coined the term "black hole" and won the 1996/97 Wolf Prize in Physics
  • Joseph Wheeler (1836-1906), Confederate general in the American Civil War
  • Earle Gilmore Wheeler (1908-1975), American US Army general, Chief of Staff (1962-64), Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff (1964-70)
  • ... (Another 16 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Frank Charles Wheeler (b. 1966), American Specialist 4th Class from Odell, Texas, USA who died in the crash [13]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Francis W Wheeler (b. 1920), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Newchapel, Lingfield, Surrey, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Ernest F Wheeler (b. 1910), Gunner serving for the Royal Navy, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [14]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Aubrey John Wheeler, British Pay Commander, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [15]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Douglas R. Wheeler, British Sub-Lieutenant with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [16]
  • Edward Wheeler (d. 1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [16]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Edwin Charles "Fred" Wheeler (d. 1912), aged 24, English Second Class passenger from Bath, Somerset who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [17]


The Wheeler Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Avito jure
Motto Translation: By ancestral right.


Suggested Readings for the name Wheeler +

  • 199 Ancestors of Our Grandchildren and Their Cousins, 1742-1977 by Harriet R. Frische, The Genealogy of Samual North Wheeler and Theodora La Barre of Hancock, N.Y. by Thomas J. Wheeler, Bond-Wheeler Genealogy with Related Families by Lorene Bond Prewitt.

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  4. ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  5. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/baring
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Agamemnon voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1820 with 179 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agamemnon/1820
  11. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1823
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  14. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  15. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  16. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  17. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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