Temple History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo-Saxon name Temple comes from the family having resided in an area that was close to the temple. Temple is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. During the Middle Ages, as society became more complex, individuals needed a way to be distinguishable from others. Toponymic surnames were developed as a result of this need. Various features in the landscape or area were used to distinguish people from one another. In this case the original bearers of the surname Temple were named due to their close proximity to the temple or the place of worship.

Early Origins of the Temple family

The surname Temple was first found in Cheshire where they held a family seat from very ancient times, and said to be descended from Leofric, the Saxon Earl of Chester, who died in 1057 before the Conquest. He left issue, Algar, Earl of Mercia and East Anglia, and the son Henry who obtained land from Robert, Earl of Leicester in the form of the Manor of Temple in Leicestershire. [1] One line of this name claim Burton Dassett, Warwickshire as their ancestral home.

Much father to the south and west, we found this interesting note about the parish of Temple, Cornwall. "However applicable the name of this parish might have been to it in former years, nothing can be more injudicious than its present appropriation, since the whole district contains no place of worship whatever, and only three cottages in which human beings reside. The manor and church of Temple belonged originally to the Knights Templars, to whom were given many peculiar privileges. This order was founded in the year 1118, when Godfrey de St. Omer, Hugh de Pagans, and several others offered their services to Baldwin, king of Jerusalem, to defend the pilgrims travelling thither from robbery and violence. Baldwin, to reward their services, bestowed upon them a house near the Temple, in consequence of which they were called Knights Templars. When the Knights Templars and their retinue deserted the place, their tenants, not having their possessions, followed their example. Their chapel was then suffered to fall into ruin." [2]

Early History of the Temple family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Temple research. Another 100 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1567, 1637, 1611, 1599, 1663, 1645, 1653, 1606, 1680, 1613, 1674, 1657, 1670, 1634, 1697, 1628, 1699, 1669, 1749, 1718, 1555, 1627, 1600, 1677, 1641, 1677, 1628 and 1699 are included under the topic Early Temple History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Temple Spelling Variations

Temple has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Spelling variants included: Temple, Tempell, Temples and others.

Early Notables of the Temple family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Sir Thomas Temple (1567- ca. 1637), English landowner and Member of Parliament, created 1st Baronet Temple of Stowe, Buckinghamshire in 1611; Peter Temple (ca. 1599-1663) of Temple Hall, an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1645 and 1653, one of the Regicides of King Charles I; James Temple (1606-1680), a puritan and English Civil War soldier from Rochester, Kent who...
Another 70 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Temple Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Temple family to Ireland

Some of the Temple family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 103 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Temple migration to the United States +

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Temples to arrive on North American shores:

Temple Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Edward Temple, who arrived in Virginia in 1622 [3]
  • Edward Temple, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
  • Abraham Temple, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1636 [3]
  • Mary Temple, who arrived in Virginia in 1643 [3]
  • Richard Temple, who arrived in Charlestown, Massachusetts in 1647 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Temple Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Tho Temple, who arrived in Virginia in 1704 [3]
  • Samuel Temple, who arrived in Virginia in 1705 [3]
  • Mathew Temple, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [3]
  • Jeremia Temple, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [3]
  • William Temple, who landed in New England in 1729 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Temple Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Magdalena Temple, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1806 [3]
  • James Temple, who settled in Virginia in New York in 1823
  • Hugh Temple, aged 16, who landed in New York in 1849 [3]
  • Don Juan Temple, who arrived in California in 1851 [3]
  • John Temple, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1855 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Temple Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Oscar F Temple, who arrived in Mississippi in 1903 [3]

Canada Temple migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Temple Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Thomas Temple, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
Temple Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • James Temple, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Robert Burns" in 1834
  • Mr. Jerry Temple, aged 1 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Josepha" departing 9th May 1847 from Belfast, Ireland; the ship arrived on 18th June 1847 but he died on board [4]

Australia Temple migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Temple Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Temple, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Lucy Temple, English convict from Durham, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [6]
  • Ellen Temple, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Angelina" on April 25, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [7]

New Zealand Temple migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

  • William Temple, aged 19, a farmer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Phoebe Dunbar" between 1841 and 1850
Temple Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Susan Temple, (b. 1837), aged 30, British domestic servant travelling from London aboard the ship "Glenmark" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 14th November 1867 [8]
  • Mr. Temple, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Hydaspes" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 28th October 1868 [8]
  • G. Temple, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Queen" in 1883

Contemporary Notables of the name Temple (post 1700) +

  • Edward Stanley "Ed" Temple (1927-2016), American women's track and field pioneer and coach, inducted into the United States Olympic Hall of Fame and the National Track and Field Hall of Fame
  • Arthur "Buddy" Temple III (1942-2015), American businessman and politician, Texas Railroad Commissioner (1981-1986) and Texas State Representative from District 6 (1973-1981)
  • William Temple (1814-1863), American merchant and politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Delaware in 1863, 35th Governor of Delaware (1846-1847)
  • Tony Temple (b. 1985), American former starting running back for the Missouri Tigers football team
  • Robert K. G. Temple (b. 1945), American author best known for his controversial book, The Sirius Mystery (1976)
  • Owen Temple (b. 1976), American folk and country music songwriter
  • Luke Temple, American pop-folk singer-songwriter
  • Lew Temple (b. 1967), American film actor
  • Floyd O. Temple (1926-2012), American head coach of the University of Kansas baseball team from 1954 to 1981
  • Shirley Jane Temple Black (1928-2014), born Shirley Jane Temple, American child actress, and a United States Ambassador and diplomat, ranked 18th on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest female American screen legends of all time
  • ... (Another 41 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


The Temple Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Templa quam dilecta
Motto Translation: Temples, how beloved.


Suggested Readings for the name Temple +

  • 744 The Rise of the Temples by Albert R. Temple, The Temple Family of Wake County, North Carolina, and Related Families by Eunice Temple Kirkpatrick, William Temple of Prince George County, Virginia and His Descendants by Lucy Temple,

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 97)
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1835 with 132 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1835
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Angelina voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 171 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/angelina/1844
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html


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