Stoneman History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Cornwall, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Stoneman. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Stoneman family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames were adopted in medieval England is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Stoneman is a local type of surname and the Stoneman family lived in Cornwall. Their name, however, is derived from the Old English word stan, meaning stone, and indicates that the original bearer lived near a prominent stone.  
Early Origins of the Stoneman family
The surname Stoneman was first found in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 which include the following early entries for the family: Warin de la Stane, Devon; Reginald ad Stone, Bedfordshire; and John de la Stone, Sussex, while the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 included: Johannes del Stone; Robertus del Stones; and Elena de Stons. 
Other early rolls point to the diverse spellings and the many places the family held: Robert Ston was found in the Curia Regis Rolls for Oxfordshire in 1212; Roger del ston found at Ely, Suffolk in 1277; Robert atte Stone in the Subsidy Rolls for Sussex in 1296; Elias atte Stonis in the Subsidy Rolls for Suffolk in 1327; John in le Stones in the Subsidy Rolls for Staffordshire in 1332; William del stones in 1348; and Richard de Stone in the Subsidy Rolls for Worcestershire in 1275. 
"Excepting its establishment in Derbyshire, this name is mostly restricted to the south of England and is especially at home in Berks and Bucks, and in the south - western counties of Somerset, Dorset, and Devon. It has probably in most cases a local origin, as in Somerset, Bucks, Kent, etc., where there are parishes and villages thus called." 
Some of the family ventured into Scotland where the name was "probably of English origin. Thomas de Stone of Roxburghshire rendered homage [to King Edward I of England] in 1296. Thomas de Stone was common councillor of Aberdeen, 1435." 
Early History of the Stoneman family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Stoneman research. Another 112 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1651, 1639, 1417, 1586, 1647, 1586, 1630, 1642, 1630, 1602, 1663, 1633, 1603, 1661, 1603, 1648, 1743 and 1787 are included under the topic Early Stoneman History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Stoneman Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Stone, Stoan and others.
Early Notables of the Stoneman family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Gilbert Stone (d. 1417?), English medieval letter-writer, born at Stone in Staffordshire, whence he took his name.
Nicholas Stone (1586-1647), was an English mason, statuary, and architect, born at Woodbury, near Exeter, in 1586, the son of a quarryman.
Benjamin Stone ( fl. 1630-1642), was an English sword-maker and enterprising cutler of London who about 1630 established on Hounslow Heath, on the site now occupied by Bedfont powder-mills, the earliest English sword factory of which anything is...
Another 81 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Stoneman Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
In the United States, the name Stoneman is the 13,634th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. 
Migration of the Stoneman family to Ireland
Some of the Stoneman family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Stoneman migration to the United States +
Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Stoneman were
Stoneman Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Edward Stoneman, aged 21, who landed in America from Cornwall, in 1899
Stoneman Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Alfred Stoneman, aged 20, who immigrated to the United States from Cornwall, in 1906
- Guy Stoneman, aged 24, who immigrated to the United States from St. Stephens, England, in 1906
- Frederick Stoneman, aged 20, who landed in America from Millon, England, in 1909
- David Stoneman, aged 12, who landed in America from Wakefield, England, in 1910
- Edgar R. Stoneman, aged 23, who immigrated to America from Cheltenham, England, in 1910
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Stoneman migration to Canada +
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Stoneman Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
- Charles Stoneman, aged 33, who immigrated to Toronto, Canada, in 1919
- Ethel Stoneman, aged 21, who settled in Toronto, Canada, in 1919
- Ada Stoneman, aged 29, who immigrated to Ontario, Canada, in 1924
Contemporary Notables of the name Stoneman (post 1700) +
- Veronica Loretta "Roni" Stoneman (b. 1938), American bluegrass banjo player
- George Stoneman Jr. (1822-1894), American politician, 15th Governor of California between 1883 and 1887
- Ernest Van Stoneman (1893-1968), American recording artist
- William Hambly "Bill" Stoneman III (b. 1944), former American pitcher in Major League Baseball
- George A. Stoneman, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Cattaraugus County 1st District, 1898-99 
- George Stoneman (1822-1894), American Democratic Party politician, General in the Union Army during the Civil War; Governor of California, 1883-87 
- David Stoneman, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1916 
- Dean Colin Stoneman (b. 1990), British racing driver, Formula Two champion
- Marjory Stoneman Douglas (1890-1998), American journalist, writer, feminist, environmentalist and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Related Stories +
The Stoneman Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Vive ut vivas
Motto Translation: Live that you may live for ever
- ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
- ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York: Harper & Row, 1956. Print
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
- ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 7) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html