Sole History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The history of the Sole family name begins after the Norman Conquest of 1066. They lived in Derbyshire. Their name, however, is a reference to Subligny, Normandy, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.

Early Origins of the Sole family

The surname Sole was first found in Derbyshire where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. They were descended from a noble who accompanied King William whose home in Normandy was at Subligny near Avranche. Richard Subligny was Bishop of Avranches. They acquired considerable estates in Cornwall, Devon and Somerset by marriage with the Painells, but their main estates were at Newton Solney which later became Soley, and Sola.

" The men of Sole," according to Wace, were conspicuous at the battle of Hastings, " striking at close quarters, and holding their shields over their heads so as to receive the blows of the hatchet." The fief of Soules was held of the Honour of St. Lo at the time of the Conquest; but was soon afterwards granted to the chapter of Bayeux.Under Henry IL, there was a William de Soules who held three knights' fees in Normandy; two of them in the Comte of Mortaine[1]

The Kentish family of this name (of whom John de Soles bought Betshanger in 1347) derived it from the manor of Soles (Domesday) in the parish of Nonington. This family was in early times most powerful in Scotland, where it gave its name to the barony of Soulistoun - now Saltoun - in East Lothian. Ranulph de Soulis witnesses a Stirling charter of David I.: and either he, or one of his successors, is styled Pincerna Regis. They were frequent benefactors to Newbottle Abbey and other monasteries; and " their power," says Sir Walter Scott, "extended over the South and West Marches, where they appear to have possessed the whole district of Liddesdale, with five rich baronies in Roxburghshire.[1]

Early History of the Sole family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Sole research. Another 270 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1281, 1291, 1318, 1300, 1302, 1595 and 1679 are included under the topic Early Sole History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Sole Spelling Variations

Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Sole family name include Sola, Soul, Soule, Sole, Sooley, Soole, Solley, Sollee, Soully, Sully, Soley, Solney and many more.

Early Notables of the Sole family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Sole Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Sole Ranking

In France, the name Sole is the 9,212nd most popular surname with an estimated 500 - 1,000 people with that name. [2]

Ireland Migration of the Sole family to Ireland

Some of the Sole family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Sole migration to the United States +

To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Sole family to immigrate North America:

Sole Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Detrick Sole, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1762 [3]
  • Henry Sole, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1762 [3]
Sole Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Francisco De Sole, aged 40, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1826 [3]
  • Francisco de Solé, who sailed to New Orleans in 1826
  • Francisco Sole, aged 30, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1829 [3]
  • Fco Sole, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1831 [3]
  • Eslegun Del Sole, aged 25, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1835 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Sole migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Sole Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • William Sole, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750

Australia Sole migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Sole Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

Contemporary Notables of the name Sole (post 1700) +

  • Alfred Sole (1943-2022), American production designer, film director, producer, and writer best known for directing such films as Alice, Sweet Alice (1976) and Pandemonium (1982), Veronica Mars (2004–2007) and Castle (2009–2016)
  • Edgar Sole, American Republican politician, Postmaster at Fairmont, West Virginia, 1968-70 (acting, 1968-70) [5]
  • David Sole, American politician, Workers World Candidate for Presidential Elector for Michigan, 1984 [5]
  • William Sole (1741-1802), English botanist, born at Thetford in the Isle of Ely, the eldest son of John Sole by his wife Martha
  • Josh Sole (b. 1980), New Zealand-born, Italian rugby union player
  • Oriol Solé, Uruguayan diplomat and writer
  • Carlos A Sole, professor


  1. ^ Cleveland, Dutchess of The Battle Abbey Roll with some Account of the Norman Lineages. London: John Murray, Abermarle Street, 1889. Print. Volume 3 of 3
  2. ^ http://www.journaldesfemmes.com/nom-de-famille/nom/
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-grey
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 28) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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