Smith History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Smith is an Anglo-Saxon name. The name was originally given to a metalworker (the blacksmith). It is derived from the Old English word smid, probably derived form "smitan," which meant "to strike with a hammer." As metal worker was such a common and important profession in Medieval times, this name and its cognates are extremely widespread throughout the British Isles and Europe. However, there is some debate as to why the occupation of blacksmith would lead to such a populous surname. One might expect that Farmer, also an occupational name, but with far more people involved in the profession in the Middle Ages, would today be a much more populous surname than Smith. It is probably a futile exercise to try to establish a single source for this amazing, monumentally prolific surname.

Early Origins of the Smith family

The surname Smith was first found in Durham, in present day Northumbria (North-Eastern England) where an Olde English version of the name is cited in circa 975, almost 100 years before the Normans would invade this part of England. Some of the family moved to Mount Thoydon in Essex. "The church [of Mount Thoydon] is a handsome edifice, containing many fine monuments to the family of Smyth, among which is one to Sir Thomas Smyth, chancellor of the garter, and principal secretary of state, in the reigns of Edward VI. and Elizabeth." [1] "Wootton Hall [in Wooton-Wawen, Warwickshire] was early the seat of the Smythe family, of whom was Lord Carrington, who, at the battle of Edge-Hill, bravely redeemed the royal standard, as is recorded on his monument in Christ-Church, Oxford. Over the front entrance of the Hall are the arms, finely executed in relief, of Lord Carrington. " [1]

Important Dates for the Smith family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Smith research. Another 94 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1100, 1279, 1568, 1655, 1559, 1608, 1657, 1640, 1644, 1663, 1631, 1649, 1650, 1652, 1653, 1658, 1616, 1617, 1675, 1621, 1681, 1661, 1679, 1679, 1611, 1691, 1616, 1696, 1662, 1717, 1701, 1665, 1720, 1699 and are included under the topic Early Smith History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Smith Spelling Variations

One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Smith has appeared include Smith, Smyth, Smythe and others.

Early Notables of the Smith family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Richard Smith (1568-1655), officially the Bishop of Chalcedon, the second Catholic bishop for England, Wales and Scotland after Catholicism was banned in England in 1559; John Smith (c. 1608-1657), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1644, supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War; John Smith (died 1663) English-born immigrant to the Massachusetts Bay Colony c. 1631, 3rd President of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (1649-1650), 6th President of Providence and Warwick (1652-1653); William Smyth (died 1658), Doctor of Divinity (DD), an...
Another 110 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Smith Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Smith family to Ireland

Some of the Smith family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 88 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Smith migration to the United States

At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Smith arrived in North America very early:

Smith Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Osmond Smith, who arrived in Virginia in 1620 [2]
  • Austen Smith, who landed in Virginia in 1622-1623 [2]
  • Austin Smith, who arrived in Virginia in 1623 [2]
  • Osborne Smith, who landed in Virginia in 1623 [2]
  • Osten Smith, who landed in Jamestown, Va in 1624 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Smith Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Elinor Smith, who landed in Virginia in 1704 [2]
  • John William Smith, aged 14, who landed in New York in 1711 [2]
  • Crispianus Smith, who landed in Virginia in 1712 [2]
  • Augustine Smith, who arrived in Virginia in 1713 [2]
  • Ambrose Joshua Smith, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Smith Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Charles R Smith, who arrived in New York in 1801 [2]
  • Jeremiah Smith, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1803 [2]
  • Jenny Smith, aged 26, who arrived in New York, NY in 1803 [2]
  • M E Smith, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1804 [2]
  • Matt Smith, who arrived in America in 1805 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Smith Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Joe Smith, who landed in Arkansas in 1904 [2]
  • Jens Nissen Smith, who arrived in Wisconsin in 1914 [2]
  • Charles Victor Smith, who landed in Alabama in 1918 [2]
  • Christian Anholm Smith, who landed in Wisconsin in 1922 [2]
  • Agnes Sybil Smith, aged 26, who arrived in Colorado in 1948 [2]

Smith migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Smith Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Peter Smith, who arrived in Newfoundland in 1689 [3]
Smith Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Constantine Smith, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • James Smith, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • James Smith, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Mark Smith, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Martha Smith, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Smith Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Donald Smith, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1801
  • Michael Hayden Smith, who arrived in Canada in 1812
  • James Smith, who arrived in Canada in 1812
  • James Smith, who landed in Canada in 1812
  • John Smith, who arrived in Canada in 1812
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Smith Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • Miss M A Smith, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Smith migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Smith Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • George Smith, English convict from Kent, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • Jarvis Smith, English convict from Leicester, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • John Smith, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • William Smith, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • George Smith, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Smith migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Smith Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Michael Smith, Australian settler travelling from Hobart, Tasmania, Australia aboard the ship "Bee" arriving in New Zealand in 1831 [6]
  • Mr. Samuel Smith, Australian settler travelling from Hobart, Tasmania, Australia aboard the ship "Bee" arriving in New Zealand in 1832 [6]
  • Mr. John Smith, Cornish settler travelling from Launceston, UK aboard the ship "Brazil Packet" arriving in Hokianga, North Island, New Zealand in 1836 [6]
  • Charles Smith, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1836
  • William Smith, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1836
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Smith (post 1700)

  • Kathryn Elizabeth "Kate" Smith (1907-1986), American singer and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, best known for her rendition of Irving Berlin's "God Bless America"
  • Jean Edward Smith (1932-2019), American biographer and the John Marshall Professor of Political Science at Marshall University
  • Shawn Smith (1965-2019), American singer, songwriter and musician from Spokane, Washington
  • Marilynn Smith (1929-2019), American LPGA professional golfer who won two major championships and 21 LPGA Tour events, inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame
  • Dave Rollin Smith (1940-2019), American founder and chief archivist of Walt Disney Archives at Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California
  • Pyper America Smith (b. 1997), known as Pyper America, an American fashion model and musician, a bassist in an alternative rock band called The Atomics
  • William T. Smith (1928-2018), American gold medalist wrestler at the 1952 Olympic Games
  • Orin C. Smith (1942-2018), American coffee executive, president and CEO of Starbucks (2000–2005)
  • Richard Smith (b. 1960), American businessman, former CEO of Equifax (2005-2017); he stepped down from his position following a data breach affecting 143 million people
  • Bob Smith (1958-2018), American comedian and author from Buffalo, New York
  • ... (Another 123 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Smith family

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Miss Betty Louise Smith (1933-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Whangarei, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [7]
Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Scott John Smith (b. 1963), American Specialist 4th Class from Louisville, Kentucky, USA who died in the crash [8]
  • Mr. Rex V Smith (b. 1949), American Sergeant 1st Class from Fort Campbell, Kentucky, USA who died in the crash [8]
  • Mr. Clinton Duane Smith (b. 1966), American Private from Conyers, Georgia, USA who died in the crash [8]
  • Mr. Thomas E Smith (b. 1965), American Private 1st Class from Brooksville, Florida, USA who died in the crash [8]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Joseph Smith, British Assistant Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [9]
  • Mr. Harry Smith, British Assistant Saloon Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [9]
  • Mr. Thomas John Smith, British Baker from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [9]
  • Mr. Walter Beaumont Smith, British Bedroom Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [9]
  • Mr. Albert E. Smith, British Engineer ex Empress of Asia from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [9]
  • ... (Another 10 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Annie  Smith (1860-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • Master Kenneth H  Smith (1917-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • Mrs. Agnes  Smith (1869-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • Mr. Harold Francis  Smith (1917-1917), Canadian resident from Cunard, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • Mrs. Bertha  Smith (1878-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • ... (Another 8 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hillcrest Coal Mine
  • Mr. Thomas Smith (1874-1914), English Miner from England, United Kingdom who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, Alberta, Canada and died in the mine collapse [11]
  • Mr. Robert Smith (1885-1914), Scottish Miner from Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdom who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, Alberta, Canada and died in the mine collapse [11]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Roy Somerville Smith (1921-1941), Australian Stoker from Gaythorne, Queensland, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Ronald George Singleton Smith (1921-1941), Australian Engine Room Artificer 4th Class from Thornbury, Victoria, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Douglas William Charles Smith (1917-1941), Australian Engine Room Artificer 4th Class from Port Pirie, South Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. William Harrison Randall Smith (1913-1941), Australian Engine Room Artificer 3rd Class from East Richmond, Victoria, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Ernest Edward Frederick Smith (1920-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Subiaco, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [12]
  • ... (Another 7 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Cornwall
  • Thomas Gregory Smith (d. 1942), British Cook S aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
  • Joseph Smith (d. 1942), British Sick Berth Attendant aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
  • John William Smith (d. 1942), British Able Seaman aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
  • Harry Smith (d. 1942), British Marine aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
  • Allan Cameron Smith (d. 1942), British Chief Stoker aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Dorsetshire
  • Ronald Smith (d. 1945), British Ordinary Seaman aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [14]
  • Frederick Thomas William Smith (d. 1945), British Leading Stoker aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [14]
  • Allon Smith, British aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he survived the sinking [14]
  • Allan Nesbit Smith, British Sub Lieutenant (A) aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he survived the sinking [14]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. William G Smith (b. 1901), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Banbury, Oxfordshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Walter H Smith (b. 1920), English Leading Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Hackenthorpe, Sheffield, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Thomas Smith (b. 1922), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Sunderland, County Durham, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Thomas N Smith (b. 1920), English Stoker 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Odiham, Hants, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Stephen R Smith (b. 1921), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Stoughton, Guildford, Surrey, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
  • ... (Another 18 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Wilkinson Smith, British Lieutenant Instructor, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [16]
  • Mr. Harry Smith, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [16]
  • Mr. George Smith, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [16]
  • Mr. Alexander Smith, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking, also sailed aboard the HMS Sultan [16]
  • Mr. Smith, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [16]
  • ... (Another 8 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Walter Smith, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [17]
  • Mr. William Smith, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, but later died in December 1941 [17]
  • Mr. Alexander Smith, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Ernest Smith, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Richard Smith, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [17]
  • ... (Another 8 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Royal Oak
  • William Smith, British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [18]
  • John H. Smith, British Regulating Petty Officer with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [18]
  • George Smith, British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [18]
  • Arthur W. Smith, British Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [18]
  • E. Smith, British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [18]
  • ... (Another 11 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • James Alvin Smith (1933-1988), American Passenger from New York, New York, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [19]
  • Mary Edna Smith (1954-1988), American Army Sergeant from Kalamazoo, Michigan, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [19]
  • Cynthia Joan Smith (1967-1988), American Student from Milton, Massachusetts, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [19]
  • Ingrid Anita Smith (1957-1988), English Chiropodist from Berkshire, England, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [19]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mrs. Jessie Smith, American 1st Class Passenger from Braceville, Ohio, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 13 [20]
  • Mr. William Smith, English First Waiter from Walton, Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [20]
  • Mr. William Thomas Smith, English Intermediate 2nd Engineer from Bootle, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Peter Smith, English Master-at-Arms from Bootle, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Oliver Barrow Smith, English Ship's Cook from Bootle, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [20]
  • ... (Another 14 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. John Richard "Jago" Smith (d. 1912), aged 35, English Postal Clerk from Truro, England who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [21]
  • Mr. Charles Edward Smith (d. 1912), aged 38, English Bed Room Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CGS Montmagny [21]
  • Miss Katherine E. Smith, aged 42, English Stewardess from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in a life boat [21]
  • Mr. Ernest George Smith (d. 1912), aged 27, English Chief Electrician from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [21]
  • Mr. James M. Smith (d. 1912), aged 35, English Leading Fireman from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [21]
  • ... (Another 7 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Harold F. Smith, American Boatswain's Mate Second Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [22]
  • Mr. William H. Smith Jr., American Coxswain working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [22]
  • Mr. Clyde C. Smith, American Chief Electrician's Mate working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [22]
  • Mr. Roscoe B. Smith, American Gunner's Mate Third Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [22]
  • Mr. Walter Tharnel Smith, American Mess Attendant Second Class from Mississippi, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [22]
  • ... (Another 11 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  7. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  8. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  9. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  10. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  11. ^ List Of Miners - Hillcrest Mine Disaster Data. (Retrieved 2014, June 24) . Retrieved from http://www.hillcrestminedisaster.com/data/index.php?title=List_Of_Miners
  12. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  13. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  14. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  15. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  16. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  17. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  18. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  19. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  20. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  21. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  22. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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