Salter History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Salter name was coined by the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. Salter was originally a name given to someone who worked as a person who played the psaltery, which was a stringed instrument. The surname Salter is an occupational surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. Occupational surnames were derived from the primary activity of the bearer. In the Middle Ages, people did not generally live off of the fruits of their labor in a particular job. Rather, they performed a specialized task, as well as farming, for subsistence. Other occupational names were derived from an object associated with a particular activity. In this case, the surname Salter is a metonymic surname, which means it is derived from an object associated with an occupation.

Early Origins of the Salter family

The surname Salter was first found in Shropshire where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

Early History of the Salter family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Salter research. Another 88 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1404, 1383, 1386, 1388, 1397, 1399, 1580, 1650, 1718, 1723 and 1673 are included under the topic Early Salter History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Salter Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Salter are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Salter include: Salter, Sallter, Saltier, Saltire and others.

Early Notables of the Salter family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include William Salter (died 1404), English politician, a weaver, one of the wealthiest men in his area, Member of Parliament for Devizes 1383, 1386, 1388, 1397, and 1399. Thomas Salter ( fl. 1580) was an English author, is said by Ritson to have been a schoolmaster. If so, he...
Another 52 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Salter Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Salter migration to the United States +

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Salter or a variant listed above:

Salter Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Salter, who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Elizabeth Salter, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1624 [1]
  • Edward Salter, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Sampson Salter, who landed in America in 1635 [1]
  • William Salter, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1635 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Salter Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Chr Salter, who landed in Virginia in 1711 [1]
  • Thomas Salter, who settled in Virginia in 1730
  • Thomas Salter, who landed in Georgia in 1738 [1]
  • Robert Salter, who settled in Virginia in 1774
Salter Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • T M Salter, aged 35, who arrived in Key West, Fla in 1837 [1]
  • David Salter, who arrived in Virginia in 1884 [1]
  • A P Salter, who landed in Arkansas in 1891 [1]

Canada Salter migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Salter Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Malachy Salter, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Thomas Salter, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Benj Salter, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1760

Australia Salter migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Salter Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • William Salter, a iron-plate-worker, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Sarah Salter, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1837 [2]
  • William Salter, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caroline" in 1839 [3]
  • Anne Salter, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caroline" in 1839 [3]
  • William Thomas Salter, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caroline" in 1839 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Salter migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Salter Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Mary Ann Salter, (b. 1820), aged 38, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Indiana" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 28th November 1858 [4]
  • Mr. Edward Salter, (b. 1825), aged 33, British carpenter travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Indiana" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 28th November 1858 [4]
  • Miss Maria Salter, (b. 1848), aged 10, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Indiana" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 28th November 1858 [4]
  • Miss Ann Frances Salter, (b. 1849), aged 9, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Indiana" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 28th November 1858 [4]
  • Mr. Charles Edward Salter, (b. 1851), aged 7, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Indiana" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 28th November 1858 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Salter (post 1700) +

  • James Salter (1925-2015), born James Arnold Horowitz, an American novelist and short-story writer
  • Susanna M. Salter (1860-1961), American politician, first woman mayor in the United States
  • Mary Jo Salter (b. 1954), American poet
  • Lewis Salter (1926-1989), American theoretical physicist, physics professor, and researcher
  • Hans J. Salter (1896-1994), American film composer
  • Andrew Salter (1914-1996), American psychotherapist
  • William Salter (1804-1875), English painter, son of William and Sarah Salter, born at Honiton, Devonshire
  • Thomas Frederick Salter (1814-1826), English writer on angling; he carried on business as a hatter at 47 Charing Cross, London
  • Samuel Salter (b. 1778), English Master of the Charterhouse, the son of Archdeacon Samuel Salter (d. 1756?)
  • Mark Salter (b. 1980), English footballer
  • ... (Another 6 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Salter, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [5]


Suggested Readings for the name Salter +

  • 1942 Salter-Hemann-Suhre Family Histories by Ellen Salter Dal Pozzo.

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Navarino.htm
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CAROLINE 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Caroline.htm
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  5. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html


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