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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Origins Available: English, Scottish

Where did the English Pike family come from? What is the English Pike family crest and coat of arms? When did the Pike family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Pike family history?

The Anglo-Saxon name Pike comes from when its first bearer worked as a person who made or worked with a pickaxe as a agricultural or excavating tool. Occupational names frequently were derived from the principal object associated with the activity of the original bearer, such as tools or products. These types of occupational surnames are called metonymic surnames.


Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Pike include Pike, Pyke and others.

First found in Devon where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pike research. Another 127 words(9 lines of text) covering the years 1616, 1706, 1635, 1692 and 1653 are included under the topic Early Pike History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 81 words(6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pike Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Pike family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 53 words(4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Pike or a variant listed above:

Pike Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Dorothy, John, and Robert Pike who settled in Massachusetts in 1635
  • Robert Pike, who landed in New England in 1635
  • Ann Pike, who arrived in Maryland in 1637
  • Joseph Pike, who arrived in Newbury, Massachusetts in 1638
  • Humphrey Pike, who arrived in Maryland in 1654

Pike Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Samuel Pike, aged 28, arrived in New York in 1812
  • Benjamin Pike, aged 38, landed in New York in 1812
  • James Pike, aged 16, landed in Portsmouth, NH in 1831
  • Henry Walker Pike, who landed in Mississippi in 1852
  • Charles, Henry, John, and William Pike all arrived in Pennsylvania between 1840 and 1860

Pike Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • John Pike, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1778

Pike Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Theodore Pike, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • John Pike, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on November 13, 1832, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • Mary Pike, aged 23, arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Buffalo" in 1836
  • Richard Pike, aged 25, a baker, arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Buffalo" in 1836
  • George Pike arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Prince George" in 1838

Pike Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Janet Pike, aged 19, a servant, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgeway" in 1840
  • William Pike, aged 29, a farm labourer, arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Gertrude" in 1841
  • Elizabeth Pike, aged 31, arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Gertrude" in 1841
  • Lucy Pike, aged 20, a domestic servant, arrived in Otago aboard the ship "John Wickliffe" in 1848
  • Mary Elizabeth Pike, aged 20, a servant, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Adelaide" in 1858


  • Lieutenant Colonel Emory Jenison Pike (1876-1918), United States Army officer during World War I, recipient of the Medal of Honor
  • Sumner Tucker Pike (1891-1976), American administrator, chairman of Atomic Energy Commission (1950)
  • Kenneth Lee Pike (b. 1912), American ling Uist, founder of tagmemics
  • Albert Pike (1809-1891), American Freemasonry reformer
  • Rosamund Pike (b. 1979), English Academy Award nominated actress known for her role as the villainous Bond girl Miranda Frost in Die Another Day and her starring role in Gone Girl (2014)
  • Mr. John William Pike (1921-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Tweed Heads, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II on the 19th November 1941 and died during the sinking
  • Zebulon Montgomery Pike (1779-1813), US army officer and explorer, eponym of Pike's Peak
  • Sir Thomas Pike (1906-1983), Marshall of the Royal Air Force, Chief of Air Staff (1960-1963)


  • Some Descendants of James Pike of Charlestown and Reading, Massachusetts by Ruth G. Pike.


  1. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  2. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  3. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  4. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  5. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  6. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  7. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  8. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  9. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  10. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...

The Pike Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Pike Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 13 May 2015 at 14:01.

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