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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The Norman Conquest of England in 1066 added many new elements to an already vibrant culture. Among these were thousands of new names. The Peak family lived in Staffordshire. The surname of Peak derives from the Old English word pekke, indicating the top of a mountain or hill, and was a local name distinguishing a person who lived by a prominent peak. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)


Peak Early Origins



The surname Peak was first found in Staffordshire where "among the earliest known bearers of the name are Richard del Pech or del Pek (d. 1196), son of Ranulf, Sheriff of Nottingham, and Willielmus Piec, who was in Winchester in 1194." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
Another possible progenitor of the family could have been Uluric Pec c. 1095 who was listed in Suffolk, [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
but this is believed to be an isolated case of the surname. William de Peke was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296 and William atte Peke was listed in Devon in 1321. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 lists: Isabell del Pek; and Martyn del Pek. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

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Peak Spelling Variations


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Peak Spelling Variations



Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled MacPeake, Peak, Peake and others.

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Peak Early History


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Peak Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Peak research. Another 201 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1284, 1283, 1551, 1619, 1592, 1667 and 1668 are included under the topic Early Peak History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Peak Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Peak Early Notables (pre 1700)



Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir William Peake of Achurch; Robert Peake the Elder (c. 1551-1619), an English painter; and Sir Robert Peake ( ca. 1592-1667), English print-seller and Royalist, he was exiled for refusing...

Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Peak Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Peak In Ireland


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Peak In Ireland



Some of the Peak family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 53 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Peak or a variant listed above:

Peak Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Christian Peak, who arrived in New England in 1635
  • Christopher Peak settled in Barbados with his servants in 1680
  • Martha Peak settled in Virginia in 1698

Peak Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Owen Peak, who arrived in New York, NY in 1811
  • William Peak, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840

Peak Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Mr. James Peak U.E. who settled in Sophiasburgh & Ameliasburgh [Prince Edward County], Ontario c. 1784 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Peak Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Peak, aged 18, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Catherine"
  • John Peak, aged 18, a labourer, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Catherine" in 1851
  • Richard Peak arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Samuel Boddington" in 1851

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Contemporary Notables of the name Peak (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Peak (post 1700)



  • Robert "Bob" M. Peak (1927-1992), American commercial illustrator, known for his movie posters and covers for Time magazine, TV Guide, and Sports Illustrated
  • Robert Peak, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Indiana, 1956
  • Raymond Peak, American Democrat politician, Mayor of Hurricane, West Virginia, 1965-67, 1981-83; Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates; Elected 1972, 1974
  • Ralph Peak, American Republican politician, Chair of Scott County Republican Party, 1950
  • John Lee Peak (1839-1910), American Democrat politician, U.S. Minister to Switzerland, 1895-97
  • J. Elmer Peak, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Indiana, 1940 (alternate), 1944 (alternate), 1948, 1952, 1956
  • Howard W. Peak, American politician, Mayor of San Antonio, Texas, 1997-2001
  • Gene Peak (d. 1949), American politician, Mayor of Paducah, Kentucky, 1948-49; Defeated, 1943
  • Mrs. Clella Peak, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Missouri, 1944, 1948 (alternate)
  • C. Vern Peak (b. 1891), American Republican politician, Member of Missouri State House of Representatives from Bates County, 1941-48; Defeated, 1948, 1950; Candidate for Missouri State Senate 31st District, 1964
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Peak Historic Events


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Peak Historic Events




HMAS Sydney II

  • Mr. John McGhie Peak (1922-1941), Australian Stoker from Boyanup, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II on the 19th November 1941 and died during the sinking

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Suggested Readings for the name Peak


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Suggested Readings for the name Peak



  • The Peak-Peake Family History by Cyrus Henderson Peake.

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Peak Family Crest Products


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Peak Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Other References

  1. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  2. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  3. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  4. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  5. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  6. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  7. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  8. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  9. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  10. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...

The Peak Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Peak Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 9 March 2016 at 15:17.

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