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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Origins Available: English, German
Nichol is one of the thousands of new names that the Norman Conquest of 1066 brought to England. It comes from the given name Nicholas. Nicholas derives from the Greek Nikolaos, which is made up of the words nikan, meaning to conquer, and laos, meaning people. 
Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Nichol family name include Nicholl, Niccolls, Nichel, Nichol, Nicholls, Nichols, Nickel, Nickle, Nickles, Nicolls, Nicol, Nycol, Nuckles and many more.
First found in Cheshire, where Nicholas D'Albini, who was of the junior line of the Dukes of D'Albini in Normandy, settled in 1054, and his successor William became Baron of Malpas. Waleram Nicholai was listed in Suffolk in 1198 and Nicholaus was listed in Lincolnshire in 1147-1166.  By the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the name was scattered as seen by: William filius Nicoll in Shropshire; and John Nicole and Stephen Nichole in Oxfordshire. 
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nichol research. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1307, 1500, 1550, 1589, 1555, 1584, 1559, 1616, 1590, 1668, 1587, 1642, 1619, 1683, 1624, 1672, 1630, 1687, 1672, 1673, 1699, 1778, 1681, 1727, 1727, 1658, 1640, 1640, 1648, 1664, 1712 and 1756 are included under the topic Early Nichol History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 301 words (22 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nichol Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Nichol family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 245 words (18 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Nichol family to immigrate North America:
Nichol Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Johan Jung Nichol, aged 20, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1739
- Peter Nichol, aged 21, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1753
- James Nichol, who settled in Charleston in 1767
- James Nichol, who settled in Charleston, South Carolina in 1767
Nichol Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Samuel Nichol, aged 30, landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1822
- John Nichol, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1831
- F Nichol, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
- W Nichol, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
- James Nichol, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
Nichol Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- William Beecroft Nichol, who arrived in Alabama in 1920
Nichol Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Harman Nichol, who landed in Canada in 1840
Nichol Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- John Nichol arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Tomatin" in 1840
- Jane Nichol arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Tomatin" in 1840
- Richard Nichol, aged 34, a farmer, arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Standard"
- James Nichol, aged 31, a farm labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "John Bunyan"
- Adam Nichol, aged 39, a games keeper, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Taymouth Castle"
Nichol Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Henry Nichol, aged 23, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
- Sarah Nichol, aged 22, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
- Thomas Nichol, aged 6 mths., arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
- Enoch Nichol, aged 32, a mason, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" in 1842
- Sarah Nichol, aged 32, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" in 1842
- William M. Nichol, American politician, Prohibition Candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 5th District, 1920
- William Nichol (1800-1878), American politician, Mayor of Nashville, Tennessee, 1835-36
- Thaddeus Nichol, American politician, Postmaster at Middletown, Connecticut, 1807-16
- Fred Joseph Nichol (1912-1996), American Democrat politician, Member of South Dakota State House of Representatives 13th District, 1951-52, 1957-58; Candidate for South Dakota State Attorney General, 1954
- Joseph McGinty "McG" Nichol (b. 1968), American film director
- Miss Mary F. Nichol (d. 1915), Scottish 2nd Class passenger from Scotland, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking
- Gene Nichol, former College of William & Mary president
- Scott Nichol (b. 1974), Canadian NHL ice hockey player
- Phil Nichol, Canadian comedian
- John Pringle Nichol FRSE (1804-1859), Scottish astronomer
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Fide sed cui vide
Motto Translation: Trust, but in whom take care.
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
- Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
- Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
- Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
- Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
- Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
- Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
- Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
- Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
- Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
The Nichol Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Nichol Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 1 December 2015 at 17:48.
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