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Marais History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms


Origins Available: English , French


The Norman Marais surname comes from the Old French word "marais" meaning "a marsh." It may have arisen as a surname from the place name (Le) Marais in Calvados, Normandy.


Early Origins of the Marais family


The surname Marais was first found in Kent where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Maris, Richard of Maris held estates and who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. They were of Lemarais in Normandy.

Early History of the Marais family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marais research.
Another 85 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1191, 1199, and 1273 are included under the topic Early Marais History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Marais Spelling Variations


Spelling variations of this family name include: Marris, Marriss, Maris, Mariss, Mares, Marais and many more.

Early Notables of the Marais family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Marais Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Marais family to the New World and Oceana


Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Marais Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Francois Marais, aged 48, who landed in Louisiana in 1719 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Contemporary Notables of the name Marais (post 1700)


  • Philip H. Des Marais, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Louisiana, 1956 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2017, April 12) Philip Marais. Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Eugène Marais (1871-1936), South African lawyer, naturalist, poet and writer
  • Jean Marais (1913-1998), French actor
  • Marin Marais (1656-1728), French composer and viola player
  • Roland Marais (1685-1750), French Baroque composer
  • Peter Marais (b. 1948), South African politician
  • Lejeanne Marais (b. 1989), South African figure skater
  • Josef Marais (1905-1978), South African singer
  • Marais Erasmus (b. 1964), South African cricket umpire and member of the ICC Elite Umpire Panel

Marais Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2017, April 12) Philip Marais. Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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