Lynch History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo- Norman Conquest of Ireland lead by Strongbow introduced the first non-Gaelic elements into Irish nomenclature. These Anglo- Normans brought some traditions to Ireland that were not readily found within Gaelic system of hereditary surnames. One of the best examples of this is the local surname. Local surnames, such as Lynch, were taken from the name of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born. These surnames were very common in England, but were almost non-existent within Ireland previous to the conquest. The earliest surnames of this type came from Normandy, but as the Normans moved, they often created names in reference to where they actually resided. Therefore, some settlers eventually took names from Irish places. Originally, these place names were prefixed by de, which means from in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname, if the place name began with a vowel, or was eliminated entirely. The Lynch family originally lived in some location which is no longer known. The original form of the Norman surname Lynch was de Lench. However, there is also a native Irish family named Lynch. This surname, which was originally O Loingsigh, is derived from the Gaelic word loingseach, which means mariner.

Early Origins of the Lynch family

The surname Lynch was first found in County Galway (Irish: Gaillimh) part of the province of Connacht, located on the west coast of the Island, where they were granted lands by Strongbow after the English Norman invasion of Ireland in 1172.

Early History of the Lynch family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lynch research. Another 73 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1320, 1488, 1489, 1489, 1490, 1489, 1490, 1507, 1611, 1676, 1691, 1684, 1682, 1623, 1713, 1669 and 1713 are included under the topic Early Lynch History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Lynch Spelling Variations

Medieval scribes and church officials spelt names simply the way they sounded, which explains the various name spelling variations of the name Lynch that were encountered when researching that surname. The many spelling variations included: Lynch, Linch, O'Lynch and others.

Early Notables of the Lynch family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family up to this time was Geoffrey (Geffere) Lynch ( fl. 1488-1489), 4th Mayor of Galway; John Lynch fitz John, fifth Mayor of Galway (1489-1490); Robuck Lynch, sixth Mayor of Galway (1489-1490); Arthur Lynch (Mayor), 22nd Mayor of Galway, (died 1507), a member of one of The...
Another 49 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Lynch Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Lynch World Ranking

In the United States, the name Lynch is the 235th most popular surname with an estimated 111,915 people with that name. [1] However, in Canada, the name Lynch is ranked the 519th most popular surname with an estimated 9,396 people with that name. [2] And in Newfoundland, Canada, the name Lynch is the 177th popular surname with an estimated 227 people with that name. [3] Australia ranks Lynch as 167th with 18,646 people. [4] New Zealand ranks Lynch as 242nd with 2,457 people. [5] The United Kingdom ranks Lynch as 254th with 23,487 people. [6]


United States Lynch migration to the United States +

During the middle of the 19th century, Irish families often experienced extreme poverty and racial discrimination in their own homeland under English rule. Record numbers died of disease and starvation and many others, deciding against such a fate, boarded ships bound for North America. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Unfortunately, many of those Irish that arrived in Canada or the United States still experienced economic and racial discrimination. Although often maligned, these Irish people were essential to the rapid development of these countries because they provided the cheap labor required for the many canals, roads, railways, and other projects required for strong national infrastructures. Eventually the Irish went on to make contributions in the less backbreaking and more intellectual arenas of commerce, education, and the arts. Research early immigration and passenger lists revealed many early immigrants bearing the name Lynch:

Lynch Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Jeremiah Lynch, who settled in Virginia in 1638
  • Jerimiah Lynch, who landed in Virginia in 1638 [7]
  • Nehemiah Lynch, who arrived in Virginia in 1655 [7]
  • Cornelius Lynch, who arrived in Maryland in 1679 [7]
Lynch Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Francis Lynch, who settled in Georgia in 1733
  • Francis Lynch, who landed in Georgia in 1735 [7]
  • Head Lynch, who arrived in Virginia in 1739 [7]
  • Christopher Lynch, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1745 [7]
  • Bamaby Lynch, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Lynch Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Patk Lynch, aged 27, who arrived in America in 1803 [7]
  • Martha Lynch, who landed in America in 1805 [7]
  • Ann Lynch, who landed in America in 1805 [7]
  • William Lynch, who landed in America in 1805 [7]
  • Thomas Lynch, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1806 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Lynch migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Lynch Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Edward Lynch, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. James Lynch U.E. who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1784 [8]
  • Mr. John Lynch U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [8]
Lynch Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Michael Lynch, aged 25, who landed in Canada in 1823
  • Patrick Lynch, who landed in Canada in 1823
  • Julia Lynch, aged 22, who landed in Canada in 1823
  • Patrick Lynch settled at Prescott Ontario in 1825 with his wife and seven children
  • Catherine Lynch, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1829
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Lynch migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Lynch Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Catherine Lynch, (b. 1794), aged 19, Irish convict who was convicted in Limerick, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Catherine" on 8th December 1813, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • Humphrey Lynch, aged 52, English convict from Wiltshire, who was transported aboard the "Alexander" on November 4, 1815, settling in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • Mr. John Lynch, (b. 1800), aged 19, English carpenter who was convicted in Middlesex, England for life, transported aboard the "Dromedary" on 11th September 1819, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [11]
  • Mr. Patrick Lynch, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for life, transported aboard the "Dromedary" on 11th September 1819, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [11]
  • Mr. John Lynch, (b. 1801), aged 19, Irish shop boy who was convicted in Dublin, Ireland for life for highway robbery, transported aboard the "Dorothy" on 5th May 1820, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he was executed in 1827 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Lynch migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Lynch Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Henry Lynch, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Peter Lynch, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • Daniel Lynch, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1841
  • John Lynch, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842
  • Mr. John Lynch, British settler referred to as the Parkhurst Boys travelling from London aboard the ship "Mandarin" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 14th November 1843, he had been taught trades and pardoned to live in New Zealand [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Lynch migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [14]
Lynch Settlers in West Indies in the 19th Century
  • W H Lynch, who landed in Jamaica in 1806 [7]

Contemporary Notables of the name Lynch (post 1700) +

  • Charles Lynch (1736-1796), Virginia planter and American Revolutionary who headed an irregular court in Virginia to punish Loyalist supporters of the British during the American Revolutionary War for whom many believe the term "lynching" and "lynch law" was derived
  • John Lynch (1927-2018), English Professor of Latin American History at the University of London from Boldon, County Durham
  • Charles Lynch (1783-1853), American Democratic and Whig politician, 8th Governor of Mississippi in 1833
  • Jay Lynch (1945-2017), American cartoonist, the main writer for Bazooka Joe comics from 1967 to 1990
  • Margaret Frances “Peg” Lynch (1916-2015), American writer and actor, and creator of the radio and television sitcom Ethel and Albert; she wrote over 11,000 scripts for radio and television
  • Stanley Joseph "Stan" Lynch (b. 1955), American songwriter, record producer and original drummer for Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
  • Stephen F. Lynch (b. 1955), American politician Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts (2001-)
  • Thomas Lynch Jr. (1749-1779), of South Carolina, youngest of the signers of the American Declaration of Independence
  • Richard Hugh Lynch (1940-2012), American actor, best known for his portrayal as villains in films and television
  • Major-General Edmund Clayton Lynch (1900-1996), American Commanding General of the Alaskan Air Command, Adak, Alaska (1945-1946) [15]
  • ... (Another 22 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Benjamin R Lynch (b. 1965), American Private 1st Class from Macon, Georgia, USA who died in the crash [16]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Stephen Maxwell Lynch (1920-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Moonah, Tasmania, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [17]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. James F Lynch (b. 1909), Irish Supply Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Inishoewn, County Donegal, Ireland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Augustine P Lynch (b. 1917), Irish Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Cobh, County Cork, Ireland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [18]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Michael Francis Lynch, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [19]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Hugh Charles Lynch (d. 1939), British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [20]
Senghenydd colliery
  • Mr. John Lynch (b. 1879), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
SS Southern Cross
  • Mr. Walter Lynch (1893-1914), Newfoundlander from Paradise who was aboard the "SS Southern Cross" when it is suspected she sank between the 31st March 1914 and early April during the storm with a heavy load of pelts; no survivors were ever found
  • Mr. James Lynch (1877-1914), Newfoundlander from Harbour Grace who was aboard the "SS Southern Cross" when it is suspected she sank between the 31st March 1914 and early April during the storm with a heavy load of pelts; no survivors were ever found
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Emmett Isaac Lynch, American Musician Second Class from Washington, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [21]
  • Mr. James Robert Lynch Jr., American Gunner's Mate Third Class from Texas, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [21]
  • Mr. William Joseph Lynch Jr., American Seaman First Class from Texas, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [21]


Suggested Readings for the name Lynch +

  • The Loy (also Lynch) Family in America by Jennie E. Stewart.
  • Scharnhorst, Lynch, Barnett, Thornton by Frances Carter.

  1. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  2. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  3. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  4. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  5. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  6. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  9. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retreived 2nd January 2021, retreived from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/catherine
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Alexander voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1815 with 12 passengers. Retrieved from Alexander voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1815 with 12 passengers
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/dromedary
  12. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 12th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/dorothy
  13. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  14. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  15. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, April 10) Edmund Lynch. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Lynch/Edmund_Clayton/USA.html
  16. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  17. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  18. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  19. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  20. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  21. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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