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The Anglo- Norman Conquest of Ireland lead by Strongbow introduced the first non-Gaelic elements into Irish nomenclature. These Anglo- Normans brought some traditions to Ireland that were not readily found within Gaelic system of hereditary surnames. One of the best examples of this is the local surname. Local surnames, such as Lynch, were taken from the name of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born. These surnames were very common in England, but were almost non-existent within Ireland previous to the conquest. The earliest surnames of this type came from Normandy, but as the Normans moved, they often created names in reference to where they actually resided. Therefore, some settlers eventually took names from Irish places. Originally, these place names were prefixed by de, which means from in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname, if the place name began with a vowel, or was eliminated entirely. The Lynch family originally lived in some location which is no longer known. The original form of the Norman surname Lynch was de Lench. However, there is also a native Irish family named Lynch. This surname, which was originally O Loingsigh, is derived from the Gaelic word loingseach, which means mariner.

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The surname Lynch was first found in County Galway (Irish: Gaillimh) part of the province of Connacht, located on the west coast of the Island, where they were granted lands by Strongbow after the English Norman invasion of Ireland in 1172.

Medieval scribes and church officials spelt names simply the way they sounded, which explains the various name spelling variations of the name Lynch that were encountered when researching that surname. The many spelling variations included: Lynch, Linch, O'Lynch and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lynch research. Another 145 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1320, 1488, 1489, 1489, 1490, 1489, 1490, 1507, 1611, 1676, 1691, 1684, 1682, 1623, 1713, 1669 and 1713 are included under the topic Early Lynch History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Notable amongst the family up to this time was Geoffrey (Geffere) Lynch ( fl. 1488-1489), 4th Mayor of Galway; John Lynch fitz John, fifth Mayor of Galway (1489-1490); Robuck Lynch, sixth Mayor of Galway (1489-1490); Arthur Lynch (Mayor), 22nd Mayor of Galway, (died 1507), a member of one of The...

Another 49 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Lynch Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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During the middle of the 19th century, Irish families often experienced extreme poverty and racial discrimination in their own homeland under English rule. Record numbers died of disease and starvation and many others, deciding against such a fate, boarded ships bound for North Ameri ca. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Unfortunately, many of those Irish that arrived in Canada or the United States still experienced economic and racial discrimination. Although often maligned, these Irish people were essential to the rapid development of these countries because they provided the cheap labor required for the many canals, roads, railways, and other projects required for strong national infrastructures. Eventually the Irish went on to make contributions in the less backbreaking and more intellectual arenas of commerce, education, and the arts. Research early immigration and passenger lists revealed many early immigrants bearing the name Lynch:

Lynch Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Jeremiah Lynch settled in Virginia in 1638
  • Jerimiah Lynch, who landed in Virginia in 1638
  • Nehemiah Lynch, who arrived in Virginia in 1655

Lynch Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Francis Lynch, who settled in Georgia in 1733
  • Francis Lynch, who landed in Georgia in 1735
  • Head Lynch, who arrived in Virginia in 1739
  • Bamaby Lynch, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746
  • Barnaby Lynch, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746
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Lynch Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Patk Lynch, aged 27, arrived in America in 1803
  • Martha Lynch, who landed in America in 1805
  • Ann Lynch, who landed in America in 1805
  • William Lynch, who landed in America in 1805
  • W H Lynch, who landed in Jamaica in 1806
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Lynch Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Edward Lynch, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. James Lynch U.E. who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1784
  • Mr. John Lynch U.E. who settled in Saint Johns, New Brunswick c. 1784

Lynch Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Michael Lynch, aged 25, landed in Canada in 1823
  • Patrick Lynch, who landed in Canada in 1823
  • Julia Lynch, aged 22, landed in Canada in 1823
  • Patrick Lynch settled at Prescott Ontario in 1825 with his wife and seven children
  • Catherine Lynch, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1829
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Lynch Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Humphrey Lynch, aged 52, English convict from Wiltshire, who was transported aboard the "Alexander" on November 4, 1815, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • John Lynch, English convict from Southampton, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • Margaret Lynch, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Amphitrite" on August 21, 1833, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • Caroline Lynch arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Seppings" in 1839
  • James Lynch arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Seppings" in 1839
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Lynch Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Henry Lynch landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Peter Lynch landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1840
  • Daniel Lynch landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1841
  • John Lynch landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842
  • T Lynch landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1844
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  • Margaret Frances “Peg” Lynch (1916-2015), American writer and actor, and creator of the radio and television sitcom Ethel and Albert; she wrote over 11,000 scripts for radio and television
  • Stanley Joseph "Stan" Lynch (b. 1955), American songwriter, record producer and original drummer for Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
  • Stephen F. Lynch (b. 1955), American politician Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts (2001-)
  • Thomas Lynch Jr. (1749-1779), of South Carolina, youngest of the signers of the American Declaration of Independence
  • Richard Hugh Lynch (1940-2012), American actor, best known for his portrayal as villains in films and television
  • Major-General Edmund Clayton Lynch (1900-1996), American Commanding General of the Alaskan Air Command, Adak, Alaska (1945-1946)
  • Private First Class Jessica Lynch (b. 1983), American soldier injured and captured by Iraqi forces but recovered on April 1, 2003 by U.S. Special Operations Forces, the first successful rescue of an American POW since World War II
  • Charles Lynch (1736-1796), Virginia planter and American Revolutionary who headed an irregular court in Virginia to punish Loyalist supporters of the British during the American Revolutionary War for whom many believe the term "lynching" and "lynch law" was derived
  • Jane Lynch (b. 1960), American comedian, actress and singer and recipient of a Golden Globe award
  • David Lynch (b. 1946), American movie director and screenwriter
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Lynch Historic Events



HMAS Sydney II

  • Mr. Stephen Maxwell Lynch (1920-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Moonah, Tasmania, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II on the 19th November 1941 and died during the sinking

HMS Hood

  • Mr. James F Lynch (b. 1909), Irish Supply Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Inishoewn, County Donegal, Ireland, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking
  • Mr. Augustine P Lynch (b. 1917), Irish Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Cobh, County Cork, Ireland, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Michael Francis Lynch, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died during the sinking
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  • The Loy (also Lynch) Family in America by Jennie E. Stewart.
  • Scharnhorst, Lynch, Barnett, Thornton by Frances Carter.
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Hickey, D.J. and J.E. Doherty. A New Dictionary of Irish History form 1800 2nd Edition. Dublin: Gil & MacMillian, 2003. Print.
    2. Somerset Fry, Peter and Fiona Somerset Fry. A History of Ireland. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1993. Print. (ISBN 1-56619-215-3).
    3. Johnson, Daniel F. Irish Emigration to New England Through the Port of Saint John, New Brunswick Canada 1841-1849. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, 1996. Print.
    4. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
    5. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. Print.
    6. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    7. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    8. McDonnell, Frances. Emigrants from Ireland to America 1735-1743 A Transcription of the report of the Irish House of Commons into Enforced emigration to America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1331-5).
    9. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    10. MacLysaght, Edward. Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7).
    11. ...

    The Lynch Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Lynch Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 14 June 2016 at 21:52.

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