Long History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancient name Long is a Norman name that would have been developed in England after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. This name was a name given to a person who was tall, big, or lanky. [1] The English Long family is descended from a Norman noble of Preux in Normandy. Also, known as Petrus de Longa, the family held estates in Normandy before and after the Conquest as in 1198 Emma de Longues was still listed in Normandy at that time. [2]

The family name Long became popular in England after the Norman Conquest, when William the Conqueror gave his friends and relatives most of the land formerly owned by Anglo-Saxon aristocrats.

Early Origins of the Long family

The surname Long was first found in Wiltshire and Gloucestershire.

"It has evidently more than one home, the principal one being in Wilts [(Wiltshire)] and the neighbouring county of Gloucester; there is a second in Kent, and a third in Norfolk and Suffolk and their vicinity. According to Camden, the Wiltshire Longs are descended from a very tall attendant of Lord Treasurer Hungerford. However, we know that the Longs have been established in this part of England for many centuries, since we learn from the Hundred Rolls that the name was numerous in Oxfordshire, as well as in Cambridgeshire, in the reign of Edward I." [3]

Another source explores the story further: "one of the family of Preux, an attendant on Lord Treasurer Hungerford, from his great height, acquired the sobriquet of Long Henry. On his marriage to a lady of quality he transposed this appellation to Henry Long, and became the founder of the Longs of Wiltshire." [4]

As if to underscore Bardsley's comments above, Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford (1378-1449) was made Lord High Treasurer in 1425, so the reader needs to take the rather romantic story of "Long Henry" as an oral tradition only.

In the aforementioned Hundredorum Rolls ( Hundred Rolls) of 1273, we found early spellings of the name in various shires: Henry le Longe in Buckinghamshire; John le Longe in Huntingdonshire; and Walter le Longe in Shropshire. [5]

The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Johanna Long as residing there at that time.

Much further to the north in Scotland, one of the first listing there was Johannes Longus who witnessed a grant to the Hospital of Soltre, c. 1180-1214. William Longus held land near Lyntonrothrik, c. 1200 and , Adam Long appears in Dumfriesshire, c. 1259. A few years later, Gregory le Long was a burgess of Dundee in 1268 and William Long witnessed confirmation of Snawdoun to Dryburgh c. 1350. [6]

Important Dates for the Long family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Long research. Another 115 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1838, 1391, 1447, 1419, 1478, 1451, 1508, 1489, 1556, 1517, 1581, 1575, 1560, 1610, 1594, 1637, 1621, 1617, 1692, 1600, 1673, 1613, 1659, 1630, 1631, 1607 and are included under the topic Early Long History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Long Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Long were recorded, including Long, Longe and others.

Early Notables of the Long family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Robert Long of Draycot Cerne (c.1391-1447), an English politician; John Long of Draycot Cerne (c.1419-1478), an English politician; Sir Thomas Long of Draycot (c.1451-1508), an English politician; Sir Henry Long (ca. 1489-1556); Sir Robert Long (c. 1517-c.1581), High Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1575; Sir Walter Long (1560-1610), an English knight and landowner; Sir...
Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Long Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Long family to Ireland

Some of the Long family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 137 words (10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Long migration to the United States

The unstable environment in England at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland, Australia, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Long arrived in North America very early:

Long Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Jane Long, who arrived in Virginia in 1621-1629 [7]
  • Jon Long, who landed in Virginia in 1621-1629 [7]
  • Jane Long, who settled in Virginia in 1624
  • Ann Long, who landed in Virginia in 1633 [7]
  • Catherine Long who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Long Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Abraham Long, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [7]
  • Sara Long, who landed in Virginia in 1704 [7]
  • Edward Long, who landed in Virginia in 1716 [7]
  • Conratt Long, aged 38, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1732 [7]
  • Chris Albrit Long, aged 32, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1732 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Long Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William Long, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1803-1827 [7]
  • Thomas Long, who landed in Connecticut in 1811 [7]
  • Mrs. Long, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1811 [7]
  • A Long, who landed in New York, NY in 1812 [7]
  • Archibald Long, who landed in New York, NY in 1812 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Long Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Barthilemy Long, who arrived in Arkansas in 1901 [7]

Long migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Long Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Sieur De Long, who arrived in Montreal in 1690
Long Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. John Long U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 365 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York, USA [8]
  • Mr. John Long U.E. who settled in Carleton [Saint John West], New Brunswick, Canada c. 1784 [8]
  • Mr. John Long U.E. who settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 member of the Penobscot Association [8]
  • Mr. Philip Long U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [8]
  • Mr. James Long U.E. who settled in Digdeguash, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 he served in the 74th Regimen, is listed with the Loyalists and Disbanded Soldiers whose names appear as Passamaquoddy New Brunswick Loyalists [8]
Long Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Mary Long, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1820
  • M Long, aged 40, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1823
  • John Long, aged 28, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • William Long, aged 30, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Hibernia" from Kinsale, Ireland
  • Mary Long, aged 28, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Hibernia" from Kinsale, Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Long migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Long Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Robert Long, English convict from Nottingham, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • James Long, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Adamant" on March 16, 1821, settling in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • Thomas Long, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Adamant" on March 16, 1821, settling in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • Samuel Long, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [11]
  • James Long, English convict from Wiltshire, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Long migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Long Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William H. Long, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Evening Star" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand in 1858 [13]
  • Mrs. Charlotte Long, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Evening Star" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand in 1858 [13]
  • James Long, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wild Duck" in 1860
  • Roland C. Long, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aloe" in 1863
  • Miss Elizabeth Long, (b. 1844), aged 19, Cornish domestic servant departing on 20th October 1863 aboard the ship "Tiptree" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 20th January 1864 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Long (post 1700)

  • Colonel Martha Westray Battle Long (1901-1972), known as Westray Battle Long, American 2nd Director of the Women's Army Corps, an early recipient of the Legion of Merit
  • Edwin Eugene "Ed" Long (1934-2017), American politician and businessman, Member of the Oklahoma Senate from 1988 to 1996
  • Eddie Lee Long (1953-2017), American senior pastor of New Birth Missionary Baptist Church
  • Maxwell W. Maxey Long (1877-1958), American Olympian who won gold during the 1900 games
  • Zhou Long, American winner of the 2011 Pulitzer Prize for Music
  • Clarence Long (1908-1994), American politician and economist, Member of the US House of Representatives from Maryland
  • William Ivey Long (b. 1947), American Tony Award-winning costume designer for stage and film
  • Tommy Long (1890-1972), American baseball player
  • Shelley Lee Long (b. 1949), American actress
  • Huey Long (1895-1960), American politician in Louisiana
  • ... (Another 12 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Long family

Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Paul Daniel Long (b. 1961), American Captain from Pine Bluff, Arkansas, USA who died in the crash [15]
HMS Cornwall
  • Bernard William Long (d. 1942), British Musician aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [16]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. George H Long (b. 1921), English Musician serving for the Royal Marine Band from Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Percy C B Long (b. 1923), English Boy 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Chertsey, Surrey, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [17]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Andrew Long, British Stoker 2nd Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [18]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. James Long, British Boy, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. Norman Long (b. 1913), English Ordinary Seaman from Stretford, Lancashire, England, who sailed on board the HMS Repulse and died prior to its sinking [19]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Arthur Long (1921-1939), British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [20]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Harry Long, American 3rd Class passenger from Detroit, Michigan, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [21]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Frank Long (d. 1912), aged 28, English Trimmer from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [22]
  • Mr. William Long (d. 1912), aged 30, English Trimmer from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [22]
  • Mr. Milton Clyde Long (d. 1912), aged 29, American First Class passenger from Springfield, Massachusetts who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [22]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Benjamin Franklin Long, American Chief Yeoman Permanent from North Carolina, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [23]

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Citations

  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  4. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Adamant voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1821 with 144 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adamant/1821
  11. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  12. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834
  13. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  14. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  15. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  16. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  17. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  18. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  19. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  20. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  21. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  22. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  23. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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