Jacob History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Jacob is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from the baptismal name Jacob. The surname Jacob referred to the son of Jacob which belongs to the category of patronymic surnames.

"The medieval surname was not Jewish. Jacob is found before the Conquest as the name of an ecclesiastic. After the Conquest, it is impossible to decide how common the name was as the Latin Jacobus was used for both Jacob and James." [1]

Early Origins of the Jacob family

The surname Jacob was first found in Huntingdonshire where Jacob (with no forename) was listed c. 1250. The same rolls included Walter Jacob. Agnes Jacobes was found in Bedfordshire in 1244 and Alan Jacob was listed in the Feet of Fines for Kent in 1324. [1]

"Nicholas Jacob was rector of Burgh in 1419; and William Jacob was a cavalier of Mendham in 1642; the name was also represented in Creeting in Suffolk in 1648. In the reign of Edward I. we find this name in Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Oxfordshire." [2]

Early History of the Jacob family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Jacob research. Another 159 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1290, 1739, 1662, 1675, 1703, 1563, 1624, 1563, 1620, 1692, 1692, 1692, 1692, 1588, 1563, 1564, 1597, 1666, 1640, 1641, 1623, 1692, 1679, 1693, 1739, 1693, 1722, 1667, 1722, 1667 and 1688 are included under the topic Early Jacob History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Jacob Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Jacob include Jacobs, Jacob and others.

Early Notables of the Jacob family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Henry Jacob (1563-1624), an English Sectary, born in 1563, the son of John Jacob, yeoman, of Cheriton, Kent (parish register). [3] George Jacobs, Sr. (c.1620-1692), was accused of witchcraft during the Salem witch trials in 1692, and was found guilty and hanged on August 19, 1692. A painting entitled "Trial of George Jacobs, August 5, 1692" by Thompkins H. Matteson was based on the accounts of Jacobs' granddaughter. Robert Jacob (d. 1588), was an English physician, eldest son of Giles Jacob of London, was entered at Merchant Taylors' School on 21 Jan. 1563-1564. [3] Sir John Jacob, 1st...
Another 125 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Jacob Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Jacob family to Ireland

Some of the Jacob family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 45 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Jacob migration to the United States +

A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants:

Jacob Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Nicholas Jacob, who arrived in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1633 [4]
  • Richard Jacob, who arrived in Ipswich, Massachusetts in 1635 [4]
  • Andrew Jacob, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [4]
  • Martha Jacob, who arrived in Virginia in 1642 [4]
  • Eleanor Jacob, who arrived in Maryland in 1656 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Jacob Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Caleb Jacob, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1708 [4]
  • Christian Jacob, who settled in America in 1709
  • Hans Jacob, who landed in New York in 1709 [4]
  • Kristiaan Jacob, who arrived in New York in 1709 [4]
  • Johan Jacob, who landed in New York in 1709 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Jacob Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Marcus Jacob, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1800 [4]
  • Salmon Jacob, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1800 [4]
  • Day Jacob, who arrived in North America in 1832-1849 [4]
  • Mathew Jacob, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1837 [4]
  • Adam Jacob, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Jacob Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Fritz Jacob, who landed in Arkansas in 1905 [4]

Canada Jacob migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Jacob Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Benjamin Jacob, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
Jacob Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Miss. Ellen Jacob who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Margaret" departing 19th May 1847 from New Ross, Ireland; the ship arrived on 2nd July 1847 but she died on board [5]

Australia Jacob migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Jacob Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Jacob Cribb, English convict who was convicted in Gloucester, Glouchestershire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Baring" in April 1815, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Mr. Jacob Isaacs, British hatter who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 14 years for possession of forged bank notes, transported aboard the "Baring" in April 1815, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1836 [6]
  • Mr. Jacob Nasman, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Baring" in April 1815, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Mr. Jacob Wyer, English convict who was convicted in Surrey, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Baring" in April 1815, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Mr. Jacob Cleveley, English convict who was convicted in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England for life, transported aboard the "Baring" in December 1818, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Jacob migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Jacob Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • S.W. Jacob, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "John Scott" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 7th March 1858 [7]
  • J. Jacob, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "John Scott" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 7th March 1858 [7]
  • Miss Emma Jacob, (b. 1863), aged 11, Cornish settler departing on 10th September 1874 aboard the ship "Cospatrick" to Auckland, New Zealand the ship was lost at sea killing everyone on board [8]
  • Mr. John Jacob, (b. 1827), aged 47, Cornish labourer departing on 10th September 1874 aboard the ship "Cospatrick" to Auckland, New Zealand the ship was lost at sea killing everyone on board [8]
  • Mr. John Jacob, (b. 1853), aged 21, Cornish miner departing on 10th September 1874 aboard the ship "Cospatrick" to Auckland, New Zealand the ship was lost at sea killing everyone on board [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Jacob (post 1700) +

  • Zachariah Jacob, American politician, Mayor of Wheeling, Virginia, 1824-28, 1834-36 [9]
  • Thomas F. Jacob, American Republican politician, Postmaster at Nanticoke, Pennsylvania, 1898-1901 [10]
  • Ted Jacob, American Republican politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 18th District, 1978 [11]
  • Marion Jacob, American Democratic Party politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Texas 24th District, 1996 [12]
  • Stephen Jacob, American politician, U.S. Attorney for Vermont, 1791-97; Justice of Vermont State Supreme Court, 1801-02 [13]
  • Ken Jacob, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Missouri, 2000; Candidate for Missouri State House of Representatives 44th District, 2012 [14]
  • John Jeremiah Jacob (1829-1893), American Democratic Party politician, Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates from Hampshire County, 1869; Governor of West Virginia, 1871-77 [15]
  • John J. Jacob Jr., American politician, Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates from Ohio County, 1885-86 [15]
  • John J. Jacob, American politician, Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates from Ohio County, 1879 [15]
  • J. G. Jacob, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Virginia, 1860 [16]
  • ... (Another 32 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Alfred Henry Jacob, British Bedroom Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [17]


Suggested Readings for the name Jacob +

  • 1888 History of the Jacob Family in England, Ireland, and America by Caroline Nicholson Jacob.

  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 81)
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/baring
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  8. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Auckland 1872-80 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2017, April 12) Zachariah Jacob. Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  10. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2017, April 12) Thomas Jacob. Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  11. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2017, April 12) Ted Jacob. Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  12. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2017, April 12) Marion Jacob. Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  13. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2017, April 12) Stephen Jacob. Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  14. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2017, April 12) Ken Jacob. Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  15. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2017, April 12) John Jacob. Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  16. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2017, April 12) J. Jacob. Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  17. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html


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