Holmes History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The origins of the Holmes name lie with England's ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. It comes from when the family lived in an area that was referred to as a holme, a slightly raised islet in a fen or partially surrounded by a stream or river. The surname Holmes was originally derived from the Old English word Holen. [1] Another reference claims "A holme is defined by Halliwell as ' flat land; a small island; a deposit of soil at the confluence of two waters. Flat grounds near water are called holms.' " [2]

While most references claim that the name was probably Anglo-Saxon, it could very well have been Norman in origin as William du Holme was listed in Normandy (1180-1195) and William de Homes was also listed there in the Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae in 1198. [3]

Early Origins of the Holmes family

The surname Holmes was first found in many counties throughout Britain. One of the earliest records of the name was Roger de Holm who was listed in 1186 in Leicestershire. A few years later, Urkel' de Holmes was listed in the Assize Rolls of Yorkshire in 1219. John atte Holme was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of 1296 in Sussex. [4]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 lists: Goscelin de Holme in Suffolk; and John in le Holmp in Cambridgeshire. Over 100 years later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 lists: Thomas del Holme; Adam del Holme; and Johannes del Holme, 1379. [1]

Hulam or Holom in Durham "anciently styled Holme, which is the term used to designate it in the Boldon book, formerly belonged to a family of the same name." [5]

Important Dates for the Holmes family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Holmes research. Another 96 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1240, 1400, 1631, 1691, 1570, 1655, 1599, 1678, 1601, 1659, 1633, 1641, 1627, 1700, 1656, 1659, 1659, 1707, 1705, 1706, 1640, 1683, 1677, 1685, 1622, 1692, 1631, 1691, 1797 and are included under the topic Early Holmes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Holmes Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Holmes were recorded, including Holme, Hulme, Holmes, Holms and others.

Early Notables of the Holmes family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Randle Holme I (1570-1655), first to bear the name, main duty was arranging funerals of those entitled to bear arms; Nathaniel Holmes or Homes (1599-1678), an English Independent theologian and preacher; Randle Holme II (c1601-1659), Chester city treasurer in 1633 and clerk to the Stationers' Company of Chester in 1641; Randle Holme III (1627-1700), steward to the Stationers' Company of Chester in 1656 and an alderman from 1659...
Another 74 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Holmes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Holmes family to Ireland

Some of the Holmes family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 88 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Holmes migration to the United States

To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Holmes family emigrate to North America:

Holmes Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Alice Holmes, who arrived in Virginia in 1623 [6]
  • Richard Holmes, aged 24, who arrived in Barbados in 1634 [6]
  • Joe Holmes, who settled in New England in 1635
  • Jo Holmes, aged 22, who arrived in St Christopher in 1635 [6]
  • Mathew Holmes, aged 21, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Holmes Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Grace Holmes, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 [6]
  • Susannah Holmes, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [6]
  • Anne Holmes, who arrived in Virginia in 1711 [6]
  • Avis Holmes, who landed in Virginia in 1713 [6]
  • Eliza Holmes, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Holmes Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Henry Holmes, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1804 [6]
  • Joseph Holmes, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808 [6]
  • Thomas Holmes, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808 [6]
  • Nathaniel Holmes, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1812 [6]
  • Robert Holmes, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1812 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Holmes Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Sevald Holmes, who landed in Alaska in 1900 [6]

Holmes migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Holmes Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Bacon Holmes, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Mr. Absalom Holmes U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [7]
  • Mr. Asa Holmes U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario c. 1784 [7]
  • Mr. Daniel Holmes U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [7]
  • Mr. Elias Holmes U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Holmes Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • George Holmes, who landed in Canada in 1812
  • Chandler Holmes, who landed in Canada in 1828
  • Thomas Holmes, aged 50, a mariner, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Thomas Hanford" from Baltimore, Ireland
  • Mrs. Cetty Holmes, aged 33 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Odessa" departing from the port of Dublin, Ireland but died on Grosse Isle In August 1847 [8]
  • Mr. Joseph Holmes, aged 5 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Virginius" departing from the port of Liverpool, England but died on Grosse Isle In August 1847 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Holmes migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Holmes Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Holmes, English convict from Sussex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • John Holmes, English convict from Southampton, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [10]
  • Henry Holmes, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lysander" in 1839 [11]
  • Mary Ann Holmes, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lysander" in 1839 [11]
  • Richard Holmes, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lysander" in 1839 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Holmes migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Holmes Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • William Holmes, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • James Holmes, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • John Holmes, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • James Holmes, aged 26, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Oriental" in 1840
  • Ann Holmes, aged 24, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Oriental" in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Holmes (post 1700)

  • Zachariah Holmes, American politician, Member of South Dakota State House of Representatives, 1893-94, 1897-98, 1917-18 (45th District 1893-94, 1897-98, 47th District 1917-18) [12]
  • William H. Holmes, American Democrat politician, Member of Missouri State House of Representatives from Maries County, 1945-48 [12]
  • William S. Holmes, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Maine, 1936 [12]
  • William H. Holmes, American politician, Delegate to Illinois State Constitutional Convention from Tazewell County, 1847 [12]
  • William F. Holmes, American politician, Candidate for Connecticut State House of Representatives from Norwalk, 1932 [12]
  • William C. Holmes, American Republican politician, Chair of Ford County Republican Party, 1950 [12]
  • W. W. Holmes, American politician, Member of South Dakota State House of Representatives 36th District, 1919-22 [12]
  • Wilber Holmes, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Cortland County, 1895 [12]
  • W. H. Holmes, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Texas, 1924, 1928 [12]
  • W. Holmes, American Republican politician, Mayor of Menominee, Michigan [12]
  • ... (Another 202 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Holmes family

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Harold Holmes (b. 1920), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [13]
  • Mr. George Holmes (b. 1907), English Leading Stoker serving for the Royal Navy from Drury Lane, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [13]
  • Mr. Edward J Holmes (b. 1923), Scottish Boy 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. George Stephen Holmes, DCS, English Ordinary Seaman from Wallasey, England, who sailed on the HMS Prince of Wales prior to its sinking [14]
  • Mr. Stanley Holmes (b. 1915), English Able Seaman from England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [14]
  • Mr. John William Holmes (b. 1920), English Able Seaman from England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [14]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Roy W. Holmes, American Seaman First Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Lowell D. Holmes, American Fireman Third Class from Alabama, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [15]

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Citations

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  4. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  8. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 34)
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834
  11. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LYSANDER 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Lysander.htm
  12. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, August 17) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  13. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  14. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  15. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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