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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, German


The Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain were the first to use the name of Gardener. The name had a practical origin since it came from when its initial bearer worked as a gardener. The surname Gardener originally derived from the Old French word gardinier. It was later adopted in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Occupational names that were derived from the common trades of the medieval era transcended European cultural and linguistic boundaries. Occupational names have remained fairly common in the modern period. This is attested to by the continuing appearance of occupational suffixes at the end of many English surnames. Some of these suffixes include: herd, monger, maker, hewer, smith, and wright. Similarly, surnames of office, which include military, judicial, papal and other positions of authority, are widespread throughout Europe. Those who were involved in the military, or feudal armies, were given names such as the English surname Archer, the French name Chevalier and the German name Jeger, which means hunter. Names that were derived from judicial and papal titles, such asBailiffe, Squire and Abbott, are still commonly seen with the same surname spelling today.

Gardener Early Origins



The surname Gardener was first found in Oxfordshire where they held a family seat from very early times. Early records show William le Gardinier in county Rutland in 1199; William Gardin, listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Huntingdon in 1218, John atte Gardyne, listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296; and Walter le Gardiner listed in the Subsidy Rolls for London in 1292.

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Gardener Spelling Variations


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Gardener Spelling Variations



Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Gardener include Gardiner, Gardner and others.

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Gardener Early History


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Gardener Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gardener research. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1300, 1370, 1426, 1454, 1545, 1493, 1555, 1531, 1478, 1591, 1662, 1640, 1592, 1674, 1624, 1599, 1663, 1635, 1637, 1705, 1695, 1705, 1604 and are included under the topic Early Gardener History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Gardener Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Gardener Early Notables (pre 1700)



Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Stephen Gardiner (c.1493-1555), English prelate, who was made Bishop of Winchester (1531); Richard Gardyner, Lord Mayor of London in 1478; Thomas Gardiner (1591-1662), an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1640, supporter of the Royalist cause in...

Another 78 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gardener Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Gardener In Ireland


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Gardener In Ireland



Some of the Gardener family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 187 words (13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Gardener or a variant listed above:

Gardener Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Richard Gardener, who arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620
  • Susanna Gardener, who landed in Maryland in 1675

Gardener Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Jean Gardener, who landed in Baltimore, Maryland in 1792

Gardener Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • William Gardener, who arrived in Savanna(h), Georgia in 1805
  • William Gardener, who landed in America in 1823
  • James Gardener, who arrived in America in 1823
  • Stephen Gardener, who arrived in America in 1836
  • D L Gardener, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851

Gardener Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Alan Hyde Gardener was a JP in the Ferryland District, Newfoundland in 1792 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0

Gardener Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Gardener, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on September 21, 1826, settling in New South Wales, Australia [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1826 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1826
  • Triphena Gardener arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Moffatt" in 1839 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) MOFFATT 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Moffatt.htm
  • Eliza Gardener arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Fairlee" in 1840 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) FAIRLIE/FAIRLEE 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Fairlie.htm
  • Harriet Gardener, aged 40, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke Of Wellington" in 1849
  • Mary Gardener, aged 17, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke Of Wellington" in 1849
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Gardener Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Gardener, aged 28, a farmer, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
  • Ann Gardener, aged 28, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
  • William Slater Gardener, aged 8, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
  • George Gardener landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1843
  • Florence Gardener landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1843
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Contemporary Notables of the name Gardener (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Gardener (post 1700)



  • Daryl Ronald Gardener (b. 1973), former American football defensive tackle
  • John H. Gardener, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Tennessee, 1876
  • Mark Stephen Gardener (b. 1969), English rock musician
  • Nico Gardener (1908-1989), British international bridge player
  • Jason Carl Gardener (b. 1975), retired British six-time gold medalist sprint athlete

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Gardener Historic Events


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Gardener Historic Events




HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Allan Gardener, British Musician, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

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Gardener Family Crest Products


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Gardener Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1826 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1826
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) MOFFATT 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Moffatt.htm
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) FAIRLIE/FAIRLEE 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Fairlie.htm

Other References

  1. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  2. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  3. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  4. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  5. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  6. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  7. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  8. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  9. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  10. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  11. ...

The Gardener Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gardener Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 14 June 2016 at 14:45.

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