Finch History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestors of the Finch family lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. Finch was a name given to a person who was referred to as a finch deriving from the small songbird's name. The surname may have also an occupational origin, denoting someone who caught and sold finches. [1]

Early Origins of the Finch family

The surname Finch was first found in Hertfordshire where they held a family seat at Redheath. Conjecturally the name became established as Finch by Vincent Herbert of Winchelsea, who by a strange combination of Vincent and Winch of Winchelsea, bore the alias of Finch, and became the Earl of Winchelsea, having the Christian name of Finch.

"Vincent Herbert of Winchelsea, 20 Edward I. [(during the twentieth year of Edward I's reign)] bore the alias of Finch. The early pedigree of the Earl of Winchelsea's family is very obscure. Their former surname was Herbert, and one of the earliest if not the first who was known as Finch was this very Vincent. In Sussex the baptismal name Vincent is often corrupted to Winch or Vinch." [2]

Early History of the Finch family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Finch research. Another 157 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1300, 1273, 1379, 1901, 1933, 1584, 1660, 1614, 1639, 1627, 1689, 1672, 1712, 1711, 1712, 1704, 1705, 1702, 1705, 1628, 1698, 1621, 1682, 1682, 1729, 1626, 1682, 1649, 1719 and 1599 are included under the topic Early Finch History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Finch Spelling Variations

Finch has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Many variations of the name Finch have been found, including Finch, Vinch, Vynch, Fynch, Vince, Vynche and others.

Early Notables of the Finch family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include John Finch, 1st Baron Finch (1584-1660), an English judge and politician, Speaker of the House of Commons; Sir Moyle Finch (1614-?), 1st Earl of Winchilsea; his son Thomas Finch (d. 1639), 2nd Earl of Winchilsea; Sir Heneage Finch (c.1627-1689), 3rd Earl of Winchilsea; Charles Finch, 4th Earl of Winchilsea PC (1672-1712), British peer and Member of Parliament, First Lord of Trade...
Another 68 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Finch Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Finch family to Ireland

Some of the Finch family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Finch migration to the United States +

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Finchs to arrive on North American shores:

Finch Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Frances Finch, who settled in Virginia in 1620
  • Frances Finch, who landed in Virginia in 1620 [3]
  • Mary Finch, who landed in America in 1620 [3]
  • Abraham Finch, who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1630 with his three sons
  • Daniel Finch, who landed in New England in 1630 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Finch Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Eliza Finch, who arrived in Virginia in 1702 [3]
  • Roger Finch, who settled in Virginia with his sons William and Thomas in 1704
  • Frantz Finch, who landed in New Jersey in 1709 [3]
  • Andreas Finch, who landed in New York, NY in 1710 [3]
  • Johann Wilhelm Finch, who landed in New York, NY in 1710 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Finch Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Simon Finch, aged 55, who arrived in Maine in 1812 [3]
  • Hugh Finch, aged 40, who arrived in South Carolina in 1812 [3]
  • Johann Finch, aged 23, who landed in New York, NY in 1847 [3]
  • Phillip Finch, who arrived in New York, NY in 1847 [3]
  • John Finch, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1848 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Finch Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Marie Finch, aged 2, who landed in New York, NY in 1902 [3]
  • Katharine Finch, aged 14, who arrived in New York, NY in 1902 [3]
  • Konrad Finch, aged 57, who landed in New York, NY in 1902 [3]
  • Wilhelm Finch, aged 17, who arrived in New York, NY in 1902 [3]

Canada Finch migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Finch Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Henry Finch, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • Mr. Edward Finch U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [4]
  • Mr. Henry Finch U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 he died in 1814 [4]
  • Mr. Reuben Finch U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [4]
  • Mr. Titus Finch U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Finch Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • James Finch, who settled in Harbour Grace in 1810
  • Elizabeth Finch, who settled in Brigus, Newfoundland in 1829 [5]
  • Miss. Maria Finch, aged 1 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Juliet" departing 3rd July 1847 from Liverpool, England; the ship arrived on 28th August 1847 but she died on board [6]

Australia Finch migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Finch Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
Finch Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Finch, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Cygnet" in 1836 [8]
  • John Finch, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Rapid" in 1836 [9]
  • Mr. William Finch, British Convict who was convicted in Lancaster, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 20th July 1837, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • Mr. James Finch, English convict who was convicted in Essex, England for 20 years, transported aboard the "Bengal Merchant" on 24th March 1838, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [11]
  • Mary Finch, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Katherine Stewart Forbes" in 1839 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Finch migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Finch Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • T Finch, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1845
  • Mr. Finch, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "John Wickliffe" arriving in Port Chalmers, Otago, New Zealand on 23rd March 1848 [13]
  • Mrs. Finch, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "John Wickliffe" arriving in Port Chalmers, Otago, New Zealand on 23rd March 1848 [13]
  • Mr. Finch, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "John Wickliffe" arriving in Port Chalmers, Otago, New Zealand on 23rd March 1848 [13]
  • Mr. Milton Finch, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "John Wickliffe" arriving in Port Chalmers, Otago, New Zealand on 23rd March 1848 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Finch (post 1700) +

  • Peter Finch (1916-1977), born Frederick George Peter Ingle Finch, an English actor perhaps best known for his role in "Network" as crazed television anchor man Howard Beale; he was posthumously nominated for and won a Best Actor Oscar for his role
  • George Finch (1888-1970), American chemist
  • Charles Baker Finch (1920-1996), American businessman and lawyer, CEO of Allegheny Power System (1971 to 1985)
  • Stanley Wellington Finch (1872-1951), American first director of the Bureau of Investigation, which would eventually become the FBI
  • Robert Hutchison Finch (1925-1995), American Republican politician and 38th Lieutenant Governor of California
  • Jennifer Finch (b. 1966), American photographer and musician
  • Lance Sydney George Finch QC OBC (1938-2020), Canadian jurist, Chief Justice of British Columbia Court of Appeal (2001-2013)
  • Dame Janet Valerie Finch DBE, DL, AcSS (b. 1946), British sociologist and academic administrator
  • Sir Harold Josiah Finch (1898-1979), Welsh Labour Party politician
  • Charles Finch PC (1672-1712), 4th Earl of Winchilsea, British peer and Member of Parliament
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. Charles Harry  Finch (1867-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Mr. William  Finch (1888-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. John L Finch (b. 1923), English Boy 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Samastipur, Bengal, India, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Victor John Russell Finch, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [16]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mrs. Eva Eliza Finch, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [17]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Harry Finch (d. 1912), aged 18, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [18]


The Finch Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Nil conscire sibi
Motto Translation: To have a conscience free from guilt.


Suggested Readings for the name Finch +

  • 1024 Finch and Ashley, American Frontiersman, 1630-1977: A Finch and Ashley Genealogy, Including Allied Families of Main, Doe, Reynolds, Teneyck, Wagner, Low, Yoran, Shults, Snell, Bullis, et al., Plus Photographs, Obituaries, and Historical and Biographical Sketches by Ralph D. Finch, Finch Families of Dixie: 300 Years in the South by Ruby Finch.

  1. ^ Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  6. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 75)
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 29th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barwell
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Cygnet arrived Holdfast Bay, Adealide Sept. 11, 1836. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Cygnet.htm
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) RAPID 1836. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Rapid.htm
  10. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 7th February 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1837
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bengal-merchant
  12. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) KATHERINE STEWART FORBES 1837 arrived Holdfast Bay, near Adelaide, on October 17, 1837. . Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837KatherineStewartForbes.htm
  13. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  14. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  15. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  16. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  17. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  18. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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