Enlow History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancient history of the Enlow name begins with the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the family resided in one of the settlements called Henley in Oxfordshire, Shropshire, Somerset, Suffolk, Surrey, and Warwickshire. The oldest of the parishes is found in Somerset where it was known as Henleighe in 973. The place names literally mean "high wood or clearing" [1] with the exception of the Shropshire parish which means "one frequented by wild birds." [2]

Early Origins of the Enlow family

The surname Enlow was first found in Somerset where they held a family seat from ancient times as Lords of the Manor of Henley, the main line of the family producing the Barons Henley, the Earls of Northington, the Barons Ongley and many other knightly branches.

John de Heneleghe was registered as holding lands in Somerset, 1 Edward III (during the first year of the reign of King Edward III.) [3]

Gilbert de Henlega was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Worcester in 1181; Robert de Henlay in Yorkshire in 1270; and William Heneley in Northumberland in 1392. [4]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included: Philipp de Heneley, Salop (Shropshire); and John de Heneleye, Warwickshire as holding lands in their respective shires. [5]

Walter de Henley ( fl. 1250), was a writer on agriculture, "is stated to have been a 'Chivaler,' and afterwards to have become a Dominican friar. Henley's original text has clearly been much garbled and interpolated in the extant manuscripts; the early text is said to be best represented in two manuscripts in the Cambridge University Library. They appear to date from the time of Edward I or Edward II." [6]

Early History of the Enlow family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Enlow research. Another 88 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1613, 1612, 1696, 1653, 1711, 1679, 1692, 1756, 1692, 1708 and 1772 are included under the topic Early Enlow History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Enlow Spelling Variations

Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Enlow include Henley, Henlee, Henleigh, Henlie, Henly, Hendleigh, Hendley, Hendlie, Hendlee, Henelly and many more.

Early Notables of the Enlow family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include William Ernest Henley, the poet; and Henry Henley (1612-1696), an English politician, Member of Parliament for Somerset in 1653. Anthony Henley (d. 1711), wit and politician, the son of Sir Robert Henley of the Grange, near Arlesford, Hampshire, M.P. for Andover in 1679, who married Barbara, daughter of Sir Edward Hungerford. Sir Robert Henley, Master of the Court of King's Bench, on the pleas side, a place then worth 4,000l. a year, was his grandfather. Out of the profits of this...
Another 87 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Enlow Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Enlow family to Ireland

Some of the Enlow family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Enlow family

Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Enlow or a variant listed above: Christopher Henley settled in Virginia in 1622; Ann, Dorothy, and Rebecca all settled in Annapolis Maryland in 1725; Matthew and James arrived in New York in 1768.


Contemporary Notables of the name Enlow (post 1700) +

  • Blayne Chanlar Enlow (d. 1999), American Major League Baseball pitcher for the Minnesota Twins
  • Darlene Enlow (1939-2009), American actress from Independence, Missouri, known for Diary of a Bachelor (1964), It Takes a Thief (1968) and Perry Mason (1957)
  • Matt Enlow, American Primetime Emmy nominated director and writer
  • Donald H. Enlow (1927-2014), American scientist from Mosquero, New Mexico, known for his contributions to field of orthodontics
  • Paul Enlow, American Republican politician, Candidate in primary for Texas State House of Representatives 89th District, 1992
  • Charles B. Enlow, American Republican politician, Newspaper publisher; Banker; Delegate to Republican National Convention from Indiana, 1928 (alternate), 1932
  • C. R. Enlow, American politician, Mayor of Huntington, West Virginia, 1895-96
  • Harold Enlow, one of America's leading contemporary wood carvers


  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  3. ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  4. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print


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