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An excerpt from archives copyright 2000 - 2016

The Anglo-Saxon name Croker comes from when its first bearer worked as a grower of saffron, one of the most sought after and expensive spices.


Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Croker include Croker, Crocker, Croager, Crough, Croaker, Croke and others.

First found in Devon where they held a family seat from very ancient times.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Croker research. Another 386 words (28 lines of text) covering the year 1275 is included under the topic Early Croker History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Croker Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Croker or a variant listed above:

Croker Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Wm Croker, who landed in Virginia in 1711

Croker Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • John Croker settled in New York State in 1820
  • Abraham Croker, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1830
  • Ambrose, Bernard, Daniel, James, Patrick Croker, all settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania between 1773 and 1858

Croker Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Ann Croker, aged 23, a servant, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "John Banks"
  • Edward Croker, aged 15, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "North"
  • Henry Martin Croker, aged 28, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "North"

Croker Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • W. H. Croker, aged 19, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "City of Auckland" in 1872


  • Richard Croker (1841-1922), American politician
  • Edgar Alfred Croker, Secretary and Chief Executive of the Football Association
  • Thomas Crofton Croker (1798-1854), Irish antiquary and folklorist
  • John Wilson Croker (1780-1857), Irish politician


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Deus alit eos
Motto Translation: God feeds them.


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  1. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  2. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  3. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  4. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  5. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  6. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  7. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  9. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  10. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  11. ...

The Croker Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The Croker Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 27 October 2010 at 13:29.

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