Cox History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The origins of the Anglo-Saxon name Cox come from its first bearer, who was a person who bore a fancied resemblance to a rooster. It was applied both to early risers and those who strutted proudly. "Thus 'cock' became the general sobriquet of a sharp and forward lad." [1] Alternatively, the name could have been derived as "a term of endearment, a diminutive, the same as ot or kin, used as a termination." [2]

Early Origins of the Cox family

The surname Cox was first found in Shropshire where the first record of the family was found the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 as Coc de Slepe.

"Though also scattered about the midland counties, Cox finds its great home in the south of England in the contiguous counties of Dorset and Somerset. It is fairly numerous in the counties of Gloucester, Oxford, and Warwickshire. Rare or absent in the north of England and in the eastern coast counties." [3]

Early History of the Cox family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cox research. Another 73 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1500, 1581, 1547, 1552, 1646, 1727, 1655, 1655, 1734, 1650, 1733, 1703 and 1707 are included under the topic Early Cox History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cox Spelling Variations

The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Cox has been spelled many different ways, including Cox, Coxe and others.

Early Notables of the Cox family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Richard Cox (c. 1500-1581), English clergyman, Dean of Westminster and Bishop of Ely, Chancellor of the University of Oxford (1547-1552); Charles Cocks (1646-1727), British Member of Parliament for Droitwich and Worcester; Robert Cox...
Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cox Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cox World Ranking

In the United States, the name Cox is the 64th most popular surname with an estimated 273,570 people with that name. [4] However, in Canada, the name Cox is ranked the 296th most popular surname with an estimated 14,849 people with that name. [5] And in Newfoundland, Canada, the name Cox is the 203rd popular surname with an estimated 206 people with that name. [6] Australia ranks Cox as 73rd with 32,579 people. [7] New Zealand ranks Cox as 137th with 3,503 people. [8] The United Kingdom ranks Cox as 69th with 65,578 people. [9] Netherlands ranks Cox as 441st with 3,772 people. [10]

Ireland Migration of the Cox family to Ireland

Some of the Cox family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 76 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Cox migration to the United States +

Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Coxs to arrive in North America:

Cox Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Lasse Cox, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1627 [11]
  • Ann Cox, who arrived in Maryland in 1633 [11]
  • Anne Cox, who arrived in Maryland in 1633 [11]
  • Jon Cox, who landed in Virginia in 1634 [11]
  • Moses Cox, who landed in Hampton, NH in 1639 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cox Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Susanna Cox, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [11]
  • Justin Cox, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [11]
  • Tho Cox, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1712 [11]
  • T Cox, who landed in New England in 1733 [11]
  • John Cox, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1738 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cox Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William Cox, who arrived in America in 1804 [11]
  • Thomas Cox, who arrived in New York, NY in 1805
  • Edward Cox, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808 [11]
  • Edward L Cox, aged 26, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1812 [11]
  • Nancy Cox, who arrived in New York, NY in 1812 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cox Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Mr. Jabez Cox, (b. 1872), aged 28, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "St Louis" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 29th April 1900 en route to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA [12]
  • Mr. Samuel Cox, (b. 1865), aged 36, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "Majestic" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 25th September 1901 en route to Utah, USA [12]
  • Mr. Edward John Cox, (b. 1858), aged 45, Cornish machinist travelling aboard the ship "Philadelphia" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 19th September 1903 en route to Pennsylvania, USA [12]
  • Miss Katie Cox, (b. 1885), aged 19, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "St Louis" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 19th June 1904 en route to California, USA [12]

Canada Cox migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cox Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • John Cox, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Thomas Cox, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • William Cox, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • William Cox, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Eliza Cox, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cox Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • James Cox, aged 20, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838
  • Catharine Cox, aged 18, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838
  • Patrick Cox, who died on route to Grosse Isle Quebec where his death was registered in 1847
  • Mr. Denis Cox, aged 2 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Saguenay" departing from the port of Cork, Ireland but died on Grosse Isle in August 1847 [13]
  • Mr. George Cox who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Virginius" departing from the port of Liverpool, England but died on Grosse Isle in 1847 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Cox migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cox Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Cox, (b. 1795), aged 24, British Convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Coromandel" on 27th October 1819, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land), he died in 1841 [14]
  • Mr. Thomas Cox, (b. 1802), aged 17, English dealer who was convicted in Shropshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Dromedary" on 11th September 1819, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land), he was killed in 1823 after escaping with another convict [15]
  • Mr. Thomas Cox, British Convict who was convicted in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Caledonia" on 5th July 1820, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [16]
  • Daniel Cox, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [17]
  • Joseph Cox, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [17]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Cox migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Cox Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • G Cox, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1814 aboard the ship Lady Nugent
  • Mr. G. Cox, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Lady Nugent" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 17th March 1841 [18]
  • James Cox, aged 38, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • Ann Cox, aged 38, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • Robert Cox, aged 10, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Cox (post 1700) +

  • Archibald Cox (1912-2004), American politician, 31st United States Solicitor General (1961-1965), as Special Prosecutor he oversaw the federal criminal investigation into the Watergate burglary later known as the Watergate scandal
  • Laverne Cox (b. 1972), American actress best known for Orange Is the New Black, nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award and Emmy Award, she won the Daytime Emmy Award in Outstanding Special Class Special. She was honored by GLAAD with its Stephen F. Kolzak Award for her work as an advocate for the transgender community
  • Landon "Sonny" Cox (1938-2020), American jazz alto saxophonist
  • Landon "Sonny" Cox (1938-2020), American jazz alto saxophonist
  • William “Ted” Cox (1955-2020), American third baseman who played Major League Baseball from 1977 through 1981
  • Frederick William Cox (1938-2019), American professional football kicker who played 15 seasons in the National Football League for the Minnesota Vikings
  • Richard Threlkeld Cox (1898-1991), American professor of physics at Johns Hopkins University, known for Cox's theorem relating to the foundations of probability
  • Erin Nealy Cox (b. 1970), American attorney, United States Attorney for the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas (2017-)
  • Brigadier-General Richard Ferguson Cox (1886-1964), American Commanding General Boston Harbor Defenses (1942-1944) [19]
  • Brigadier-General Albert Lyman Cox (1883-1965), American Commanding General Washington Military (1942) [20]
  • ... (Another 289 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Samuel Alan Cox, British Writer from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [21]
  • Miss Henrica Maria Cox (1884-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Fort Frances, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [22]
Flight TWA 800
  • Miss. Monica Eileen Cox (1980-1996), aged 16, from Montoursville, Pennsylvania, USA, American student from Montoursville flying aboard flight TWA 800 from J.F.K. Airport, New York to Leonardo da Vinci Airport, Rome when the plane crashed after takeoff ; she died in the crash [23]
Fraterville mine
  • Mr. Richard N. Cox, American coal miner at Fraterville mine in Tennessee, on the 19th May 1902 when an explosion collapsed the mine; he died [24]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Florence  Cox (1875-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [25]
Hillsborough disaster
  • Tracey Elizabeth Cox (1965-1989), English speech science student who was attending the FA Cup semi-final at Hillsborough Stadium, in Sheffield, Yorkshire when the stand allocated area became overcrowded and 96 people were crushed in what became known as the Hillsborough disaster and she died from her injuries [26]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. John Lionel Cox (1919-1941), Australian Signalman from Huonville, Tasmania, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Harold William Cox (1920-1941), Australian Acting Leading Stoker from Uralla, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [27]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Stanley K Cox (b. 1920), English Leading Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Woking, Surrey, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [28]
  • Mr. Leslie L Cox (b. 1912), English Ordinary Coder serving for the Royal Navy from Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [28]
  • Mr. John F Cox (b. 1917), English Wireman serving for the Royal Navy from Wimbledon, Surrey, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [28]
  • Mr. Cyril A Cox (b. 1917), Scottish Stoker 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Trelaw, Glasgow, Scotland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [28]
  • Mr. Arthur J Cox (b. 1922), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Reading, Berkshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [28]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. William Henry Cox, British Lead Steward, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [29]
  • Mr. John Cox, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [29]
  • Mr. Charles Henry Cox, British Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [29]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Henry P.T. Cox, British Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [30]
  • Edwin Cox (1922-1939), British Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [30]
Monongah Mine
  • Mr. William R. Cox (b. 1873), Slavic coal miner who was in mine 8 at the Monongah mine on 6th December 1907 when it exploded and collapsed; he died [31]
RMS Lusitania
  • Master Desmond Francis Cox, Irish 2nd Class passenger residing in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping on life boat 15 it is believed [32]
  • Mrs. Margaret Elizabeth Cox, Irish 2nd Class passenger residing in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping on life boat 15 it is believed [32]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. William Denton Cox (d. 1912), aged 29, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [33]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. John M. Cox Jr., American Lieutenant Commander working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [34]
  • Mr. William Milford Cox, American Seaman First Class from Kentucky, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [34]
  • Mr. Gerald Clinton Cox, American Musician Second Class from Illinois, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [34]


Suggested Readings for the name Cox +

  • Ambrose N. Cox, Sr., Descendants, 1772-1972 by Elza B. Cox.
  • The Cox-Bates Family and Related Families by Ruby Cox Eddleman.

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
  3. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  4. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  5. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  6. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  7. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  8. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  9. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  10. ^ https://forebears.io/netherlands/surnames
  11. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  12. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  13. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 22)
  14. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 12th March 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/coromandel
  15. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/dromedary
  16. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/caledonia
  17. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1820 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1820
  18. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  19. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 23) Richard Cox. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Cox/Richard_Ferguson/USA.html
  20. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 23) Albert Cox. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Cox/Albert_Lyman/USA.html
  21. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  22. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  23. ^ The Washington Post Passenger List TWA Flight 800. (Retrieved 2018, February 15th). Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/twa800/list01.htm
  24. ^ News paper article Fraterville Mine Disaster retrieved on 6th August 2021. (Retrieved from http://www.tn.gov/tsla/exhibits/disasters/fraterville.htm).
  25. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  26. ^ Hillsborough Victims (retreived 21st March 2021). Retreived from https://metro.co.uk/2019/04/15/remembering-96-victims-hillsborough-disaster-30-years-9206566/
  27. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  28. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  29. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  30. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  31. ^ Monongah Mining Disaster retrieved on 8th August 2021. (Retrieved fromhttps://usminedisasters.miningquiz.com/saxsewell/monongah.htm).
  32. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  33. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  34. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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