The surname is one of the Anglo-Norman names that came to Ireland
in the 12th century. The surname Burks is derived from the Old English word "burh," which is derived from the Old German word "burg," the common Germanic word for a fortification. It seems likely that the first family to bear this surname would have lived in or near a prehistoric fort situated on a hill. In the Norman fashion, surnames created from place names or geographic locations were prefixed by "de," which means "from" in French.
Early Origins of the Burks family
The surname Burks was first found in County Galway
(Irish: Gaillimh) part of the province of Connacht
, located on the west coast of the Island, where the family name is descended from the Norman noble William Fitzadelm de Burgo who went to Ireland
in the Anglo- Norman invasion
and was the succeeded Strongbow
as Chief Governor. Great stretches of land were given to this family in the year 1177. Richard Oge de Burc, son of William, became the "Lord Justice of Ireland" under King Henry II in 1177 and was regranted the lands of his father the following year. CITATION[CLOSE]
O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigrees 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
Richard Mor de Burc, the older son of William, was the ancestor of the family name Bourke or Burke. They formed several septs, the two most important having been the MacWilliam Uachtar sept of county Galway, and the MacWilliam Lochtar sept of County Mayo. It should be noted that not all of the family were in Ireland as some were found in Knaresborough, in the West Riding of Yorkshire in ancient times. "At the time of the Domesday Survey it formed part of the royal demesnes, and was given by the Conqueror to Serlo de Burgh, Baron of Tonsburg, in Normandy, who had accompanied that monarch into England, and by whom its stately castle, now a ruin, was originally built, on the rocky heights north of the river Nidd." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Burks family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Burks research.Another 360 words (26 lines of text) covering the years 1227, 1503, 1544, 1582, 1601, 1572, 1635, 1604, 1657, 1590, 1667, 1629, 1647, 1647, 1667, 1598, 1672, 1666, 1642 and 1722 are included under the topic Early Burks History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Burks Spelling Variations
During the Middle Ages, a single person often had their name recorded by church officials and scribes many different ways. Names were typically spelt as they sounded, which resulted in many different spelling variations
. The many versions of the name Burks to have been recorded over the years include: de Burgh, Burke, Bourke, Burk, Bourk, Gillick and many more.
Early Notables of the Burks family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family up to this time was Theobald Bourke, 8th Mac William Iochtar and lord of Lower (North) Connacht, died 1503; Ulick Ceann Burke (died 1544), 12th Clanricarde and 1st Earl of Clanricarde; Richard Sassanach Burke, 2nd Earl of Clanricarde (died 1582); Ulick Burke, 3rd Earl of Clanricarde, (died... Another 94 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Burks Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Burks family to the New World and Oceana
Ireland's Great Potato Famine
left the country's inhabitants in extreme poverty and starvation. Many families left their homeland for North America for the promise of work, freedom and land ownership. Although the Irish were not free of economic and racial discrimination in North America, they did contribute greatly to the rapid development of bridges, canals, roads, and railways. Eventually, they would be accepted in other areas such as commerce, education, and the arts. An examination of immigration and passenger lists revealed many bearing the name Burks:
Burks Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Bryan Burks, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Burks Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- A Burks, who landed in Esquimalt, British Columbia in 1862
Contemporary Notables of the name Burks (post 1700)
- Marion E. Burks (1912-1989), American politician, judge, and lawyer
- Gregory "Toine" Burks (b. 1980), American former professional basketball player
- Alec Burks (b. 1991), American professional NBA basketball player for the Utah Jazz
- Ellis Rena Burks (b. 1964), American former Major League Baseball outfielder and designated hitter
- Charlotte Gentry Burks (b. 1942), American farmer and Democratic party politician in Tennessee
- Antonio Cornell Burks (b. 1980), American professional NBA basketball player
- Tommy Burks (1940-1998), American Democratic party politician in Tennessee murdered by his Republican Party opponent
- Robert Burks (1909-1968), American cinematographer known for being proficient in virtually every genre and won an Oscar for his work on Hitchcock's To Catch a Thief (1955)
- Mary Fair Burks (1920-1991), American educator, scholar, and civil rights activist
- Arthur Walter Burks (1915-2008), American mathematician who in the 1940s as a senior engineer on the project contributed to the design of the ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic digital computer
The Burks Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Ung roy, ung foy, ung loy
Motto Translation: One king, one faith, one law.