Aston History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The roots of the Anglo-Saxon name Aston come from when the family resided in the place named Aston, in the county of Stafford.

Early Origins of the Aston family

The surname Aston was first found in the counties of Cheshire and Lancashire.

Aston-By-Sutton in Cheshire was of particular significance to the family. "The manor [of Aston-By-Sutton] belonged as early as the reign of Wm. I. to the family of Aston, of whom Thomas Aston was created a Baronet by Charles I. in 1628; he was an officer in the king's service, and was actively engaged in the civil war, as was also Sir Arthur Aston, who was a personal friend of Charles. The title became extinct in the commencement of the eighteenth century. Aston Hall, a handsome mansion, built about the close of the 17th century, and surrounded by an extensive park, is the seat of Sir Arthur Ingram Aston, G.C.B.; it stands on elevated ground, and commands fine views of the estuary of the Weaver, and of the Lancashire shore on the north-west." [1]

The township of Liscard, again in Cheshire had early records of the family: "In the reign of Edward I., the manor was held under the barons of Halton by Richard de Aston." [1]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 lists: Roger de Astun in Salop (Shropshire); Thomas de Aston in Lancashire; William de Aston in Herefordshire; and John de Ascheton in Somerset. Roger de Assheton was found in Lancashire, 20 Edward I. The Yorkshire Polls Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Johannes de Aston; Johannes Aystyn; Henricus Astyn; and Willelmus Aston. [2] Richard de Aston held the Prebendary of Finsbury in 1358.

"Ashton is also a Lancashire place name. The Asshetons belonged to a notable family that for many centuries played a conspicuous part in the county; the Asshetons of Downham and Midleton, going back to the 15th and 16th centuries, were amongst the oldest branches." [3] Guppy continues to note that "the Ashtons of this county, who are numerous on the Yorkshire border, similarly derive their name from places in Derbyshire."

Later, some of the family were found much father to the north in Scotland. There, Roger Aschtoun had a pension in 1585 from the fruits of part of the bishopric of Ross and later, Sebastian Ashton, was burgess of Linlithgow, 1688. [4]

Early History of the Aston family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Aston research. Another 85 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1350, 1485, 1558, 1590, 1649, 1600, 1645, 1606, 1656, 1584, 1639, 1609, 1678, 1621, 1633 and 1714 are included under the topic Early Aston History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Aston Spelling Variations

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Aston has been recorded under many different variations, including Aston, Asten, Astyn, Astin, Astyne, Astley and others.

Early Notables of the Aston family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Thomas de Aston, High Sheriff of Herefordshire in 1350; Hugh Aston (c. 1485-1558), an English composer; Sir Arthur Aston (1590-1649), English professional soldier who supported King Charles I in the English Civil War; Sir Thomas Aston, 1st Baronet (1600-1645), English politician who fought for the...
Another 53 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Aston Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Aston family to Ireland

Some of the Aston family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 31 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Aston migration to the United States +

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Aston or a variant listed above:

Aston Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Robert Aston, who landed in Virginia in 1624 [5]
  • Walter Aston, who arrived in Virginia in 1628 [5]
  • Edward Aston in Barbados in 1634
  • Robert Aston, settled in Virginia in 1634 soon after the Mayflower
  • William Aston, who settled in Barbados in 1635
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Aston Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Richard Aston in Maryland in 1775
Aston Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Alex Aston, who arrived in America in 1804 [5]
  • Charles Young Aston, aged 34, who landed in Missouri in 1841 [5]
  • William Preston Aston, aged 42, who arrived in Missouri in 1841 [5]
  • William Aston, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1850 [5]
  • Edward Aston, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1858 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Aston migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Aston Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

Australia Aston migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Aston Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Aston, (b. 1824), aged 16, British Gunsmith who was convicted in Warwick, England for 10 years for riotous conduct during the Birmingham Riots and felony, transported aboard the "Asia" on 25th April 1840, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land), he died in 1851 [7]
  • William Aston, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Anna Maria" on March 6, 1848, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [8]
  • J. Aston, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Sir Charles Forbes" in 1849 [9]
  • James Aston, English convict from Staffordshire, who was transported aboard the "Adelaide" on April 16, 1855, settling in Western Australia [10]
  • Edward Aston, aged 24, a miner, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "John Banks" [11]

New Zealand Aston migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Aston Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • J. Josiah Aston, aged 26, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alma" in 1857
  • Rebecca Aston, aged 20, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alma" in 1857
  • Samuel Aston, aged 35, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alma" in 1857
  • Caroline Aston, aged 32, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alma" in 1857
  • Miss Eliza Aston, (b. 1863), aged 3, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 5th January 1867 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Aston (post 1700) +

  • William B. Aston (b. 1818), American politician, Delegate to Virginia secession convention, 1861 [13]
  • William B. Aston (1817-1886), American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Virginia, 1876 [13]
  • H. I. Aston, American politician, Mayor of McAlester, Oklahoma, 1953-56 [13]
  • C. G. Aston, American Democrat politician, Candidate for West Virginia State House of Delegates from Marshall County, 1940 [13]
  • Randolph Aston (1869-1930), English rugby player
  • Ken Aston (1915-2001), English footballer
  • Jack Aston (1877-1934), English footballer
  • Henry Hervey Aston (1759-1798), English cricketer
  • Bernard Cracroft Aston (1871-1951), English chemist and botanist
  • Michael Anthony "Mick" Aston FSA (1946-2013), English archaeologist, best known for his appearances on Channel 4 television series Time Team from 1994 to 2011
  • ... (Another 5 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Repulse
  • Mr. J T C Aston, British Ordinary Signalman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]


The Aston Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Numine et patriae asto
Motto Translation: I stand by God and my country.


  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  4. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1840
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anna Maria voyage to Van Diemen's Land or Port Phillip, Australia in 1848 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anna-maria/1848
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SIR CHARLES FORBES originally CHARLES FORBES 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849SirCharlesForbes.gif
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Western Australia, Australia in 1855 with 261 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1855
  11. ^ South Australian Register Wednesday 30th May 1855. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) John Banks 1855. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/johnbanks1855.shtml
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 8) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  14. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html


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