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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Where did the English Turpin family come from? What is the English Turpin family crest and coat of arms? When did the Turpin family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Turpin family history?The name Turpin reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Turpin family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Turpin family lived in Dorset. Their name, however, is a reference to Turpin Au Bois, Normandy,  the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. Alternatively, the name could have been derived from the French name Turpinus, a derivative of the Latin 'turpis,' meaning 'disgraceful,' a name adopted by the early Christians as a token of humility. 
Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Turpin family name include Turpine, Torpin, Turpin, Turbin, Turping, Tirping, Tirpin, Terpin, Turpen and many more.
First found in Dorset but was quickly found in Yorkshire shortly after the Norman Conquest. One of the first records of the name was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Torfin or Turfin.  Turfinus filius Torfini was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire in 1130 as was Torphinus in the same rolls in 1196. A few years later, Gaufridus filius Thorphini was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1204.  The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list John Turpin in Oxfordshire.  Richard "Dick" Turpin (1705-1739), the infamous English highwayman who was executed on 22 March 1739 for his deeds was inspiration for many English ballads, theatre and films and hailed from Hempstead, Essex. Ironically, Turpin was never convicted of being a highwayman or a murderer. However, he was convicted of being a horse-rustler and that led to his execution.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Turpin research. Another 167 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 161 and 1619 are included under the topic Early Turpin History in all our PDF Extended History products.
More information is included under the topic Early Turpin Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Turpin family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Turpin family to immigrate North America:
Turpin Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
Turpin Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
Turpin Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Turpin Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
Turpin Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
Turpin Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
Turpin Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
The Turpin Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Turpin Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 7 January 2016 at 13:07.