Origins Available: English
The Norman Conquest
of 1066 added many new names to the island of Britain. Tranchard is a name for a soldier.
Looking back even further, we found the name was originally derived from the Old French word trenchire,
meaning a swordsman, soldier, or man of war.
Early Origins of the Tranchard family
The surname Tranchard was first found in Dorset
where they were granted the lands of Hordhill in the Isle of Wight by Baldwin de Ripariis to Paganus Trenchard and his heirs about 1100 A.D. The grandsons of Paganus, Robert, Alexander and Hugh Trenchard, witnessed the deed.
Early History of the Tranchard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tranchard research.Another 265 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1509, 1588, 1586, 1662, 1621, 1625, 1582, 1657, 1613, 1640 and 1695 are included under the topic Early Tranchard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tranchard Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred
years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations
occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Tranchard were recorded, including Trenchard, Trancherd, Trencher, Trenchar and others.
Early Notables of the Tranchard family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Paganus Trenchard of Hordhill; John Trenchard (1586-1662), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons, Member of Parliament for... Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tranchard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tranchard family to the New World and Oceana
The unstable environment in England
at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland
, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Tranchard arrived in North America very early: Symon Trencherd, who settled in Virginia in 1637. Attorney General George Trenchard of New Jersey settled there in 1686; he was from Somerset
, he was succeeded by Edward Trenchard of New York City. In Newfoundland, Benjamin Trencher was a blacksmith of Lower Island Cove in 1838.
The Tranchard Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Nosce Teipsum
Motto Translation: Know thyself.