Thyer History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The name Thyer reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Thyer family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Thyer family lived in Essex. Their name, however, is a reference to St. Saire, Normandy, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. Alternatively, the name could have been a trade name for someone who was "an assayer of metals."  And another variation is that it could have been "an Anglo-Norman personal name, as Saher de Quincy, the famous Earl of Winchester."  There are at least three other listed origins of the name, but these latter three seem the most probable.
Early Origins of the Thyer family
The surname Thyer was first found in Essex where the family's first listing of the name was found during the reign of Edward II.  Omitting the entries as a personal name, we also found: Stephanus filius Seir (1148-1152) and ? filius Saheri (Saieri) c. 1160 in Lincolnshire.
Robertus filius Seer was listed in the 12th century in Nottinghamshire and Richard Sayer was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Devon in 1230. Thomas Sare and John Sayer were listed in the Feet of Fines of Essex in 1292. 
The Thayer variant produced the Pilgrim Fathers and brothers Thomas Thayer (1596-1665) and Richard Thayer (1601-1664) who were born in Thornbury, Devon. The family were originally from Glastonbury, Somerset, the oldest found was John Tahyer, born c. 1450.
Early History of the Thyer family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Thyer research. Another 116 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1560, 1602, 1655, 1718, 1695, 1705, 1603, 1625, 1603, 1631 and are included under the topic Early Thyer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Thyer Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Sayer, Sayers, Sayres and others.
Early Notables of the Thyer family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Robert Sayer or Seare (1560-1602), a Benedictine monk, born at Redgrave, Suffolk, the son of John Seare; Sir John Sayer of Bourchers Hall in Essex; and his son, George Sayer (c. 1655-1718), an English courtier and politician, Member of Parliament...
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Thyer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Thyer family to Ireland
Some of the Thyer family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 61 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
| Thyer migration to Australia ||+|
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Thyer Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Joseph Thyer, who arrived in Glenelg Roads aboard the ship "Pestonjee Bomanjee" in 1838 
- Sarah Thyer, who arrived in Glenelg Roads aboard the ship "Pestonjee Bomanjee" in 1838 
- James Thyer, who arrived in Glenelg Roads aboard the ship "Pestonjee Bomanjee" in 1838 
- Elizabeth Thyer, who arrived in Glenelg Roads aboard the ship "Pestonjee Bomanjee" in 1838 
- Jane Thyer, who arrived in Glenelg Roads aboard the ship "Pestonjee Bomanjee" in 1838 
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
|Contemporary Notables of the name Thyer (post 1700) ||+|
- Robert Thyer (1709-1781), Chetham librarian and editor of Butler's 'Remains,' born at Manchester, son of Robert Thyer, silk weaver, by his wife, Elizabeth Brabant
- Brigadier James Hervey Thyer (1897-1977), Australian Staff Officer 1 8th Australian Infantry Division from 1941 to 1942 
|Historic Events for the Thyer family ||+|
- Mr. Marshall Robert Thyer, British Chief Mechanical, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales (1941) and died in the sinking 
- Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The PESTONJEE BOMANJEE 1838. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1838PestonjeeBomanjee.htm
- Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, September 8) James Thyer. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Thyer/James_Hervey/Australia.html
- HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html