Talbot History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Norman Conquest of England of 1066 added many new elements to the already vibrant culture. Among these were thousands of new names. The Talbot name is derived from the Germanic personal name Talabert, meaning bright valley.

Early Origins of the Talbot family

The surname Talbot was first found in Shropshire, Staffordshire and Yorkshire. "This great historical family is traced to the Conquest, Richard Talbot, living at that period, being the first recorded ancestor. " [1] In Normandy, their place of origin, the name was originally listed as D'Eu, a baronial name. [2]

William Talebot "came to England in 1066, and had 1. Richard; 2. Geoffrey, ancestor of Lord Talbot of Malahide. Richard in 1086 held in Bedford from Walter Giffard, Baron of Boldec. " [2] [3]

The chapelry of Salebury played an important part in the story of the family history. "In the reign of Edward II. a charter for free warren in this manor was granted to Sir Robert de Cliderhou, whose daughter occurs as owner of the manor in 1406. Isabella, her daughter, conveyed the manor in marriage to John Talbot, of Bashall. Their son was instrumental to the betrayal of Henry VI., whose apprehension is said to have occurred here, though Leland fixes the scene in Cletherwoode. However this may be, letters-patent were granted to him by Edward IV. for a pension of twenty marks out of the duchy revenues. In this odious service, Sir James Haryngton was the principal actor, and the Talbots his subordinate agents.

John Talbot, the last male heir of the family, left a daughter, married to Edward Warren of Poynton, from whose family the manor passed by marriage: it now belongs to Lord de Tabley. " [4]

Another branch of the family was found at Alveton in Staffordshire. "The extensive manor of Alton became the property of John Talbot, first earl of Shrewsbury, by his marriage with the heiress of the Furnival family, and has remained with his descendants to the present time." [4] The township of Bashall-Eaves in the West Riding of Yorkshire was home to another family seat. "This place, long distinguished as the residence of the Talbots, has been variously designated Beckshalgh, Batsalve, Bakesholf, and Bashall. " [4]

Important Dates for the Talbot family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Talbot research. Another 211 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1453, 1384, 1453, 1417, 1460, 1456, 1458, 1457, 1630, 1714, 1623, 1667, 1642, 1702, 1659, 1668, 1660, 1718, 1710, 1715, 1714, 1633, 1630, 1691, 1620, 1680 and 1669 are included under the topic Early Talbot History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Talbot Spelling Variations

Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Talbot, Talbott, Talbut, Talbart, Talbert and many more.

Early Notables of the Talbot family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was William Talbot at the Battle of Hastings; John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and 1st Earl of Waterford KG (1384-1453), known as "Old Talbot", an important English military commander during the Hundred Years' War, as well as the only Lancastrian Constable of France; John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl of Waterford, 8th Baron Talbot, KG (c. 1417-1460), an English nobleman and soldier, son of John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and Maud Nevill, 6th...
Another 84 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Talbot Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Talbot family to Ireland

Some of the Talbot family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 83 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Talbot migration to the United States

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Talbot or a variant listed above were:

Talbot Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • William Talbot, who landed in America in 1620 [5]
  • Christopher Talbot, who settled in New England in 1663
  • Rich Talbot, who landed in Virginia in 1663 [5]
  • Richard Talbot, who arrived in Maryland in 1673 [5]
  • George Talbot, who arrived in Maryland in 1674 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Talbot Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Benedict Talbot, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 [5]
Talbot Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Samuel W Talbot, aged 15, who landed in New York in 1812 [5]
  • Thomas Talbot, aged 18, who arrived in New York in 1818 [5]
  • Ellen Talbot, aged 25, who landed in America in 1821 [5]
  • Matthew Talbot, who landed in Texas in 1835 [5]
  • Hermensgildo Talbot, who landed in Mississippi in 1845 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Talbot migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Talbot Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • George Talbot, who settled in Trinity, Newfoundland, in 1675 [6]
  • Jean-Jacques Talbot, who settled in Quebec in 1698 from Normandy
  • Jean-Jacques Talbot, son of Nicolas and Marie, married Marie-Charlotte Sommereux, daughter of Noel and Jeanne, in Rivières-des-Prairies, Quebec in 1698 [7]
Talbot Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Jean-Jacques Talbot, son of Nicolas and Marie, married Catherine Lamarre, daughter of Pierre and Mare-Louise, in Saint-Thomas, Quebec on 28th April 1710 [7]
  • John Talbot, who settled in St. Pierre, Newfoundland in 1714 [6]
  • Jacques Talbot, son of Jean-Jacques and Marie-Charlotte, married Marguerite Meunier, daughter of François and Angélique, in Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Quebec on 1st July 1726 [7]
  • Simon Talbot, son of Jean-Jacques and Marie-Charlotte, married Thérèse Alaire, daughter of Charles and Marie, in Saint-Vallier, Quebec on 27th July 1734 [7]
  • Joseph Talbot, son of Jean-Jacques and Catherine, married Marie-Madeleine Nolin, daughter of Gabriel and Marie-Madeleine, in Saint-Pierre-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Quebec on 19th October 1735 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Talbot Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Miss. Mary Talbot, aged 2 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Saguenay" departing 5th June 1847 from Cork, Ireland; the ship arrived on 22nd August 1847 but she died on board [8]

Talbot migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Talbot Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Ann Talbot, British convict from Britain, who was transported aboard the "Alexander" on November 4, 1815, settling in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • Thomas Talbot, English convict from Bucks, who was transported aboard the "Adamant" on March 16, 1821, settling in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • Frederick Talbot, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on November 13, 1832, settling in New South Wales, Australia [11]
  • Maria Talbot, aged 34, Irish convict from Dublin, who was transported aboard the "Arabian" in November 22nd, 1846, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [12]
  • Charles Talbot, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal George" in 1848 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Talbot migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Talbot Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. R. G. Talbot, Australian settler travelling from Port Phillip Bay, Victoria aboard the ship "Earl Stanhope" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 [14]
  • R G Talbot, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Earl Stanhope
  • Mr. John Talbot, (b. 1815), aged 47, English farm labourer from Devonshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Zealandia" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 23rd May 1862 [15]
  • Mrs. Sarah Talbot, (b. 1817), aged 45, English settler from Devonshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Zealandia" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 23rd May 1862 [15]
  • Mr. John Talbot, (b. 1846), aged 16, English labourer from Devonshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Zealandia" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 23rd May 1862 [15]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Talbot (post 1700)

  • Second Lieutenant Ralph Talbot (1897-1918), the first United States Marine Corps aviator to receive the Medal of Honor
  • David Talbot (b. 1951), American progressive journalist, bestselling author and media entrepreneur
  • Arthur Newell Talbot (1857-1942), American civil engineer considered to be a pioneer in the field of reinforced concrete
  • Catherine M. Talbot, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 2000 [16]
  • Carmen Talbot, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Michigan, 1988 [16]
  • Carlton A. Talbot, American politician, Candidate for Michigan State Senate 13th District, 1916 [16]
  • C. Westley Talbot, American politician, Burgess of West Chester, Pennsylvania, 1897-99 [16]
  • Bailey M. Talbot, American politician, Mayor of Troy, Alabama, 1906-07 [16]
  • Aubert Talbot, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Louisiana, 1944 [16]
  • Adolphus Robert Talbot (b. 1859), American Republican politician, Member of Nebraska State Senate, 1887-90 [16]
  • ... (Another 55 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Talbot family

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. T. Talbot, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [17]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Frederick George Talbot (d. 1939), British Stoker 2nd Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [18]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. George Frederick Charles. Talbot (d. 1912), aged 27, English Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [19]

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Citations

  1. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  2. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  7. ^ Internoscia, Arthur E., and Claire Chevrier. Dictionnaire National des Canadiens Français 1608-1760. Vol. 2, Institut Drouin, 1958.
  8. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 97)
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Alexander voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1815 with 12 passengers. Retrieved from Alexander voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1815 with 12 passengers
  10. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Adamant voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1821 with 144 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adamant/1821
  11. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Andromeda voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1832 with 186 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/andromeda/1832
  12. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arabian voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1846 with 26 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arabian/1846
  13. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ROYAL GEORGE 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848RoyalGeorge.htm
  14. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  15. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  16. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 20) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  17. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  18. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  19. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
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