Show ContentsSturgill History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancient Normans that arrived in England following the Conquest of 1066 are the initial ancestors from which the many generations of the Sturgill family have grown. The name Sturgill was given to a member of the family who was a person who resembles a sturgeon having derived from the Old French word esturgeon, or Lesturgeon, and indicates that the original bearer bore some fanciful resemblance to the Northern European fish of the same name. [1] [2]

Eluding to the Norman-French ancestry, we note that "King John granted to N. Sturgon, of Normandy, Stoteville, the estate of Hugh de Gornai, 1203. He was Viscount of Fescamp." [3]

Early Origins of the Sturgill family

The surname Sturgill was first found in Suffolk where they were Lords of the manor of Whepstead from very early times, where they were conjecturally descended from Ralph of Whepstead who held that Lordship after the Norman Conquest in 1066 A.D. from the Abbott of St. Edmund's. According to the Domesday Book survey, Whepstead consisted of a church, eighteen beasts, thirty pigs, and one hundred sheep, and their descendants later erected Manston Hall. [4]

Another source claims the family held "an estate in Essex called Sturgeons, formerly Turges Cassus. Turges may be the same name as Turgesius, a celebrated Norwegian king, called by Irish writers Tuirghes, who established his power in Ireland for thirty years. Hence probably the names Sturch, Sturge, Sturges, Sturgess, Sturgis." [5]

"The old Suffolk family of Sturgeon held the manor of Manston, Whepstead, from the beginning of the 16th to the close of the last century (G.). "Maister John Sturgeon" was governor of the company of Merchant Adventurers, when they gave a princely reception to Philip of Spain on the occasion of his taking possession of the Low Countries in 1540 (Allen's "Lincolnshire"). At present the name is best represented in and around Bury St. Edmunds. An estate in Writtle parish, Essex, is called Sturgeons or Turges Cassus (Wright's "Essex"). John Sturgeon, or Strogeon, of Hitchin, Herts, was twice sheriff of Hertfordshire and Essex in the reign of Edward IV. " [6]

Early feudal rolls provided the king of the time a method of cataloguing holdings for taxation, but today they provide a glimpse into the wide surname spellings in use at that time. Early Cumberland records show William Sturjon in 1281, while down in Essex, Richard Sturioun was listed in the there in the Subsidy Rolls for 1327. A few years later, William Sturgeon was listed in London in 1380. [7] In Yorkshire, Willelmus Sturgeon was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. [8]

In Scotland, the "surname [is] confined mainly to the shires of Dumfries and Kirkcudbright. Andrew Sturgioun and John Sturgioun were witnesses in Dumfries in 1544. Charles Strugeoun, sheathmaker in Edinburgh in 1608, appears again in 1610 as Strudgeon." [9]

Early History of the Sturgill family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Sturgill research. Another 208 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1544, 1636, 1574, 1611, 1636, 1677, 1685, 1705, 1559, 1647, 1661, 1655, 1657, 1659 and are included under the topic Early Sturgill History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Sturgill Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Sturgill include Sturgen, Sturgeon, Stergeon, Sturgion, Sturgione, Strugeon, Strugen, Strugeone and many more.

Early Notables of the Sturgill family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Sturgion (fl. 1661), English pamphleteer who was at one time a private in Cromwell's lifeguards. "On 27 Aug. 1655 he was arrested as the author of a pamphlet against the Protector, called 'A Short Discovery of his Highness the Lord Protector's Intentions touching the Anabaptists in the Army'. He was...
Another 59 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Sturgill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Sturgill Ranking

In the United States, the name Sturgill is the 3,729th most popular surname with an estimated 7,461 people with that name. [10]

Ireland Migration of the Sturgill family to Ireland

Some of the Sturgill family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 51 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Sturgill migration to the United States +

In England at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Sturgills to arrive on North American shores:

Sturgill Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • W. F. Sturgill, aged 29, who immigrated to the United States, in 1920
  • Winfield Sturgill, aged 30, who immigrated to America, in 1920
  • Savry Sturgill, who settled in America, in 1922
  • William Sturgill, aged 30, who landed in America, in 1924

Contemporary Notables of the name Sturgill (post 1700) +

  • Jeff Sturgill, American visual effects cameraman, known for his work on Independence Day (1996), CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (2000) and Pitch Black (2000)
  • William B. Sturgill (b. 1924), American coal merchant, beneficiary of The William B. Sturgill Award, University of Kentucky
  • Virgil Sturgill (b. 1897), American ballad singer and dulcimer player

  1. Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  3. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  4. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  5. Charnock, Richard, Stephen, Ludus Patronymicus of The Etymology of Curious Surnames. London: Trubner & Co., 60 Paternoster Row, 1868. Print.
  6. Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  7. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  8. Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  9. Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  10. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?"., on Facebook