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An excerpt from archives copyright 2000 - 2016

The Sturgeon family's name is derived from the ancient Norman culture that was established in Britain following the Norman Conquest of island in 1066. Their name originated with an early member who was a person who resembles a sturgeon having derived from the Old French word esturgeon, and indicates that the original bearer bore some fanciful resemblance to the Northern European fish of the same name. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character.


The surname Sturgeon was first found in Suffolk where they were Lords of the manor of Whepstead from very early times, where they were conjecturally descended from Ralph of Whepstead who held that Lordship after the Norman Conquest in 1066 A.D. from the Abbott of St. Edmund's. According to the Domesday Book survey, Whepstead consisted of a church, eighteen beasts, thirty pigs, and one hundred sheep, and their descendants later erected Manston Hall.

Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence in the eras before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate regularly changed the spellings of their names as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Sturgeon have been found, including Sturgen, Sturgeon, Stergeon, Sturgion, Sturgione, Strugeon, Strugen, Strugeone and many more.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Sturgeon research. Another 226 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1544 and 1636 are included under the topic Early Sturgeon History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


More information is included under the topic Early Sturgeon Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Some of the Sturgeon family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 121 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


For many English families, the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. For such families, the shores of Ireland, Australia, and the New World beckoned. They left their homeland at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. Many arrived after the long voyage sick, starving, and without a penny. But even those were greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. Numerous English settlers who arrived in the United States and Canada at this time went on to make important contributions to the developing cultures of those countries. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Sturgeon were among those contributors:

Sturgeon Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Phillis Sturgeon, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
  • Robert Sturgeon, who came to Maine in 1726
  • John Sturgeon, who settled in New England in 1740
  • John Sturgeon, who landed in America in 1740

Sturgeon Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Edward Sturgeon, aged 27, arrived in Delaware in 1812
  • William Sturgeon, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1817
  • William Sturgeon, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1832

Sturgeon Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Janet Sturgeon and her husband, who settled in St. John Island in 1775
  • Thomas Sturgeon was a fisherman of Quidi Vidi, Newfoundland in 1785

Sturgeon Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • John Sturgeon, aged 18, landed in Quebec in 1834

Sturgeon Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Charles Sturgeon, aged 38, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "China"
  • Martha Sturgeon, aged 25, a domestic servant, arrived in South Australia in 1856 aboard the ship "Fitzjames"

Sturgeon Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Mr Sturgeon landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841 aboard the ship Harrington
  • R Sturgeon landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841 aboard the ship Lady Nugent
  • Robert Sturgeon, aged 30, a jeweller, arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Lady Nugent" in 1841
  • Andrew Sturgeon, aged 41, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865
  • Helen Sturgeon, aged 39, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865
  • ...

  • Rollin Summers Sturgeon (1877-1961), American film director of 101 silent films from 1910 to 1924
  • Peter Assheton Sturgeon (1916-2005), American founder of the American branch of Mensa
  • Daniel Sturgeon (1789-1878), American physician, banker and Democratic Party politician from Uniontown, Pennsylvania, United States Senator from Pennsylvania (1840-1851)
  • Robert Harwood "Bobby" Sturgeon (b. 1919), American Major League Baseball player who played from 1940 to 1948
  • Theodore Sturgeon (1918-1985), American writer
  • Barbara Sturgeon, English two-time Sony Radio Award wining radio presenter
  • William Sturgeon (1783-1785), English physicist and inventor who made the first electromagnets, inventor of the first practical electric motor
  • Peter Sturgeon (b. 1954), Canadian former professional NHL ice hockey player for the Colorado Rockies
  • Nicola Sturgeon (b. 1970), Scottish politician, Leader of the Scottish National Party (2007-2014), First Minister of Scotland (2014-)
  • Isaac Sturgeon, 19th century president and general superintendent of the North Missouri, eponym of the town of Sturgeon, Missouri

  • Family: Roots, Ties, and Trails (Sturgeon Family) by Mary C. Sturgeon.

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    Other References

    1. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
    2. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
    3. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
    4. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    5. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
    6. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    7. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
    8. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
    9. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    10. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    11. ...

    The Sturgeon Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The Sturgeon Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 14 August 2015 at 22:22.

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