Squire History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Squire is one of the thousands of new names that the Norman Conquest brought to England in 1066. It is a name for a squire. Looking back even further, we found the name was originally derived from the Old French word escuyer, which indicated someone of the social rank immediately below a knight.

Early Origins of the Squire family

The surname Squire was first found in Worcestershire where they held a family seat from very early times as Lords of the manor of Hanbury, and also estates in Devon.

In Cornwall, "the church of St. Keverne is ornamented with a lofty steeple, which, standing on rising ground, is a conspicuous object at a great distance. Within the church there are memorials of the several families of Bogan, Sandys, and Squier." [1]

Early History of the Squire family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Squire research. Another 94 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1387, 1700, 1598, 1595 and 1677 are included under the topic Early Squire History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Squire Spelling Variations

Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Squire, Squair, Skair, Skuyer, Squires and others.

Early Notables of the Squire family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Edward Squire (died 1598), alleged conspirator, "originally followed the calling of a scrivener at Greenwich, where he married and had children. He then obtained a post in Queen Elizabeth's stables, but, being 'a man of wit above his vocation,' gave up his position to become a sailor. In August 1595 he started with Drake on his last voyage to the West Indies, being on board the Francis, a small barque. Late in October the Francis separated from the rest of the fleet off Guadeloupe...
Another 91 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Squire Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Squire family to Ireland

Some of the Squire family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Squire migration to the United States +

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Squire or a variant listed above were:

Squire Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • George Squire, who settled in New England in 1630
  • Thomas Squire, who landed in New England in 1634 [2]
  • Robert Squire, who landed in Virginia in 1637 [2]
  • Robert Squire who settled in Virginia in 1637
  • George Squire, who arrived in New England in 1643 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Squire Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Richard Squire, who arrived in Virginia in 1702 [2]
  • Edward Squire, who landed in Virginia in 1728 [2]
  • Boham Squire, who landed in Georgia in 1733 [2]
Squire Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Samuel Squire, who arrived in New York in 1847 [2]
  • F Squire, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1849 [2]
  • K Squire, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [2]
  • M P Squire, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [2]
  • R Squire, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Squire migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Squire Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Squire, (b. 1780), aged 30, Cornish settler convicted in Cornwall, UK on 26th March 1810, sentenced for 7 years, transported aboard the ship "Guildford" in August 1811 to New South Wales, Australia [3]
  • Mr. Thomas Squire, English convict who was convicted in Wiltshire, England for 7 years for poaching, transported aboard the "Bardaster" on 7th September 1835, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [4]
  • Mr. Elkanah Squire, (b. 1820), aged 22, Cornish settler convicted in Bodmin, Cornwall, UK on 20th October 1840, sentenced for 7 years for stealing iron from Mr. George Davis at Summercourt Fair, transported aboard the ship "Susan" on 24th April 1842 to Van Diemen's Land, Tasmania, Australia [5]
  • John Squire, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Princess Royal" in 1848 [6]
  • Ruth Squire, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Princess Royal" in 1848 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Squire migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Squire Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Emma Squire, aged 16, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Catherine Stewart Forbes" in 1841
  • Mr. Thomas Squire, British settler, from Shropshire travelling from London aboard the ship "New Great Britain" arriving in Bluff, Southland, South Island, New Zealand on 10th August 1863 [7]
  • F. E. Squire, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Owen Glendowner" in 1864
  • Mr. George Squire, (b. 1844), aged 21, British farm labourer travelling from London aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 1st January 1866 [7]
  • Mr. George Squire, (b. 1842), aged 26, British farm labourer travelling from London aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 8th February 1869 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Squire (post 1700) +

  • S. Dodge Squire, American Republican politician, Candidate for Michigan State House of Representatives from Mason County, 1916 [8]
  • Watson Carvosso Squire (1838-1926), American Republican politician,Governor of Washington Territory, 1884-87; U.S. Senator from Washington, 1889-97 [8]
  • Russell Squire, American politician, Mayor of Waterville, Maine, 1948-51 [8]
  • Richard Squire, American Libertarian politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Texas 5th District, 1982 [8]
  • Paul C. Squire, American politician, U.S. Consul in Lille, 1924-26; Windsor, 1929; Kingston, 1932; Monaco, 1938; Geneva, 1943; U.S. Consul General in Buenos Aires, 1945-47 [8]
  • John P. Squire, American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Port-au-Prince, 1943 [8]
  • Justus Squire, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Greene County, 1816-17 [8]
  • Guy O. Squire, American Republican politician, Postmaster at Alhambra, California, 1924-25 [8]
  • George A. Squire, American politician, Member of New Jersey State House of Assembly from Union County, 1898-99 [8]
  • Eben H. P. Squire, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Mayor of White Plains, New York, 1927 [8]
  • ... (Another 17 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. J C Squire, British Boy, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [9]
  • Mr. B Squire, British Yeo of Sigs, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [9]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Albert Victor Squire, British Leading Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, also sailed aboard the HMS Exeter [10]


The Squire Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Tiens ferme
Motto Translation: Hold firm.


Suggested Readings for the name Squire +

  • 1674 The Gardiner-Squires Connection: an Account of the Gardiner Family of Gardiner's Island, Long Island, New York and the Squires Family of Squiretown, Long Island, New York and West Haven Connecticut by Tiger Gardiner, Musgrave to Mosgrave, 1066-1979, with Allied Families of Squire, et al by Glenna James Mosgrove.

  1. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bardaster
  5. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PRINCESS ROYAL 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848PrincessRoyal.htm
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  8. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, April 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  9. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  10. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html


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