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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Squire family come from? What is the English Squire family crest and coat of arms? When did the Squire family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Squire family history?

Squire is one of the thousands of new names that the Norman Conquest brought to England in 1066. It is a name for a squire. Looking back even further, we found the name was originally derived from the Old French word escuyer, which indicated someone of the social rank immediately below a knight.

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Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Squire, Squair, Skair, Skuyer, Squires and others.

First found in Worcestershire where they held a family seat from very early times as Lords of the manor of Hanbury, and also estates in Devon, which were granted by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Squire research. Another 210 words(15 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1387, and 1700 are included under the topic Early Squire History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Squire Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Squire family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 89 words(6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Squire or a variant listed above were:

Squire Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • George Squire settled in New England in 1630
  • Thomas Squire, who landed in New England in 1634
  • Robt Squire, who landed in Virginia in 1637
  • Robert Squire who settled in Virginia in 1637
  • George Squire, who arrived in New England in 1643


Squire Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Richard Squire, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
  • Edward Squire, who landed in Virginia in 1728
  • Boham Squire, who landed in Georgia in 1733

Squire Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Samuel Squire, who arrived in New York in 1847
  • F Squire, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1849
  • K Squire, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • M P Squire, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • R Squire, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850


Squire Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • John Squire arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Princess Royal" in 1848
  • Ruth Squire arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Princess Royal" in 1848
  • Mary Ann Squire, English convict from Devon, who was transported aboard the "Anna Maria" on October 4, 1851, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • Francis Squire, aged 48, a farm labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Sultana"
  • Mrs. Maria Squire, aged 47, a farm servant, arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "William Stuart"


Squire Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Emma Squire, aged 16, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Catherine Stewart Forbes" in 1841
  • F. E. Squire arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Owen Glendowner" in 1864
  • Ann Young Squire, aged 23, a nurse, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rakaia" in 1879

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  • Feargus B. Squire (1850-1932), co-founder of the Standard Oil Company
  • Matt Squire (b. 1976), American music producer
  • Raglan Squire (1912-2004), renowned British architect
  • Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter Squire GCB, DFC, AFC, FRAeS, RAF (b. 1945), retired Royal Air Force commander
  • Sir John Collings Squire (1884-1958), early 20th Century British poet and historian
  • Christopher Russel Edward "Chris" Squire (b. 1948), British bassist with the progressive rock group Yes
  • William Squire (1916-1989), Welsh actor
  • William Henry Squire (1871-1963), British composer and cellist
  • Mr. B Squire, British Yeo of Sigs, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
  • Mr. J C Squire, British Boy, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

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  • The Gardiner-Squires Connection: an Account of the Gardiner Family of Gardiner's Island, Long Island, New York and the Squires Family of Squiretown, Long Island, New York and West Haven Connecticut by Tiger Gardiner.
  • Musgrave to Mosgrave, 1066-1979, with Allied Families of Squire, et al by Glenna James Mosgrove.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Tiens ferme
Motto Translation: Hold firm.

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  1. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  2. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  3. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  4. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  5. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  6. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  7. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  8. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  10. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  11. ...

The Squire Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Squire Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 8 January 2015 at 12:49.

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