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Squire is one of the thousands of new names that the Norman Conquest brought to England in 1066. It is a name for a squire. Looking back even further, we found the name was originally derived from the Old French word escuyer, which indicated someone of the social rank immediately below a knight.

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The surname Squire was first found in Worcestershire where they held a family seat from very early times as Lords of the manor of Hanbury, and also estates in Devon, which were granted by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.

Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Squire, Squair, Skair, Skuyer, Squires and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Squire research. Another 210 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1387, and 1700 are included under the topic Early Squire History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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More information is included under the topic Early Squire Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Squire family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 89 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Squire or a variant listed above were:

Squire Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • George Squire settled in New England in 1630
  • Thomas Squire, who landed in New England in 1634
  • Robert Squire, who landed in Virginia in 1637
  • Robert Squire who settled in Virginia in 1637
  • George Squire, who arrived in New England in 1643
  • ...

Squire Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Richard Squire, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
  • Edward Squire, who landed in Virginia in 1728
  • Boham Squire, who landed in Georgia in 1733

Squire Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Samuel Squire, who arrived in New York in 1847
  • F Squire, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1849
  • K Squire, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • M P Squire, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • R Squire, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • ...

Squire Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Squire arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Princess Royal" in 1848
  • Ruth Squire arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Princess Royal" in 1848
  • Mary Ann Squire, English convict from Devon, who was transported aboard the "Anna Maria" on October 4, 1851, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • Francis Squire, aged 48, a farm labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Sultana"
  • Mrs. Maria Squire, aged 47, a farm servant, arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "William Stuart"
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Squire Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Emma Squire, aged 16, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Catherine Stewart Forbes" in 1841
  • F. E. Squire arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Owen Glendowner" in 1864
  • Ann Young Squire, aged 23, a nurse, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rakaia" in 1879
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  • George A. Squire, American politician, Member of New Jersey State House of Assembly from Union County, 1898-99
  • Eben H. P. Squire, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Mayor of White Plains, New York, 1927
  • DeLance Squire, American politician, Mayor of Orem, Utah, 1985
  • Clark Squire, American politician, U.S. Collector of Internal Revenue for Washington, 1941-51
  • Betty L. Squire, American Democrat politician, Presidential Elector for Virginia, 2012
  • Benjamin Squire, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from St. Lawrence County 2nd District, 1856-57
  • Arthur P. Squire, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Schenectady County, 1913-14
  • Andrew Squire (b. 1850), American Republican politician,Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1896
  • Alice F. Squire, American Republican politician, Assistant Secretary of Connecticut Republican Party, 1940
  • Guy O. Squire, American Republican politician, Postmaster at Alhambra, California, 1924-25
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Squire Historic Events



HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. J C Squire, British Boy, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
  • Mr. B Squire, British Yeo of Sigs, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Albert Victor Squire, British Leading Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, also sailed aboard the HMS Exeter
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  • The Gardiner-Squires Connection: an Account of the Gardiner Family of Gardiner's Island, Long Island, New York and the Squires Family of Squiretown, Long Island, New York and West Haven Connecticut by Tiger Gardiner.
  • Musgrave to Mosgrave, 1066-1979, with Allied Families of Squire, et al by Glenna James Mosgrove.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Tiens ferme
Motto Translation: Hold firm.

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Citations



    Other References

    1. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
    2. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
    3. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
    4. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
    5. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
    6. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    7. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    8. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
    9. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    10. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
    11. ...

    The Squire Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Squire Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 29 April 2016 at 14:16.

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