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The notable Simmonds family arose among the Cornish People, a race with a rich Celtic heritage and an indomitable fighting spirit who inhabited the southwest of England. While surnames were well-known during the English medieval period, Cornish People originally used only a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames came into common use is interesting. As the population of medieval Europe multiplied, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Patronymic surnames were derived from given names and were the predominant type of surname among the Celtic peoples of Britain. However, the people of Cornwall provide a surprising exception to this rule, and patronymic surnames are less common among them than other people of Celtic stock, such as their Welsh neighbors. This is due to the greater influence of English bureaucracy and naming practices in Cornwall at the time that surnames first arose. This type of surname blended perfectly with the prevailing Feudal System. One feature that is occasionally found in Cornish surnames of this type is the suffix -oe or -ow; this is derived from the Cornish plural suffix -ow. is a patronymic surname that came from the ancient Hebrew personal name Shimon, meaning to hearken.

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The surname Simmonds was first found in Devon and in Cornwall, where the family held a family seat since ancient times.

Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Symons, Symonds, Symond, Simmins, Simins, Simmonds, Simonds, Simond, Simmons, Simon, Simmon, Simmen, Symon and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Simmonds research. Another 225 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1178, 1273, 1379, 1388, 1623, 1665, 1640, 1687, 1617, 1692, 1623, 1665, 1617 and 1692 are included under the topic Early Simmonds History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Notable amongst the family at this time was John Symons, M.P. for Helston in 1388; Thomas Simon ( c. 1623-1665), English medalist, born in Yorkshire who studied engraving under Nicholas Briot; Samuel Simmons (1640-1687), an English printer, best known as the first publisher of several works...

Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Simmonds Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Simmonds family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 111 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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A look at the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Simmonds:

Simmonds Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Ann Simmonds, who landed in Maryland in 1663
  • Mary Simmonds, who arrived in Maryland in 1663
  • Thomas Simmonds, who landed in Maryland in 1663

Simmonds Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • John Simmonds, who landed in Jamaica in 1787

Simmonds Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • L Simmonds, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • William Simmonds, who arrived in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1856
  • Edith Simmonds, aged 7, landed in New York in 1868
  • Eliza Simmonds, aged 32, arrived in New York in 1868
  • Elizabeth Simmonds, aged 4, landed in New York in 1868
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Simmonds Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Joseph Simmonds, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. William Simmonds U.E. who settled in St. John River [Saint John], New Brunswick c. 1777 travelled from Boston to Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • Sgt. Daniel Simmonds U.E. who settled in Ernest Town [Ernestown], Lennox & Addington, Ontario c. 1786
  • Mr. Nicholas Simmonds U.E. who settled in Midland District [ Lennox & Addington], Ontario c. 1786

Simmonds Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Francis Simmonds, English convict from Kent, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • Richard Simmonds, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • Jane Simmonds arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1837
  • Charlotte Simmonds arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Prince George" in 1838
  • William Simmonds arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "David Malcolm" in 1847
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Simmonds Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • James Louis Simmonds landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Joseph Simmonds landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship Fifeshire
  • L Simmonds landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship "Indemnity"
  • W Simmonds landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship Indemnity
  • Joseph Simmonds, aged 23, a carpenter, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Fifeshire" in 1842
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  • Buck Simmonds, American actor
  • Stuart Simmonds (b. 1976), English cricketer
  • Donovan Ashton Simmonds (b. 1988), English professional footballer
  • Mickey Simmonds (b. 1959), English session keyboardist, arranger and composer
  • Douglas Simmonds (1958-2011), British child actor
  • Roy Simmonds (1928-2008), Australian rules footballer
  • Pip Simmonds, New Zealander freestyle skier
  • Morris Simmonds (1855-1925), German physician and pathologist
  • Robert Henry Simmonds OC (b. 1926), the 17th Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
  • Diana Simmonds (b. 1953), Australian journalist and arts critic
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Simmonds Historic Events



Empress of Ireland

  • Mrs. Mary Simmonds (1893-1914), née Mahony Canadian Second Class Passenger from Montreal, Quebec, Canada who survived the sinking on the Empress of Ireland on May 29th 1914
  • Mr. Reginald Simmonds (1887-1914), Canadian Second Class Passenger from Montreal, Quebec, Canada who survived the sinking on the Empress of Ireland on May 29th 1914

Halifax Explosion

  • Mr. Ambrose Joseph  Simmonds (1877-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917 but later died due to injuries

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. William Simmonds, British Marine, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
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  • Reluctant Gentile: The Life and Times of Andrew Simmonds, 1844-1925 by A.J. Simmonds.
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
    2. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
    3. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
    4. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    5. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    6. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
    7. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
    8. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
    9. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    10. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
    11. ...

    The Simmonds Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Simmonds Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 13 June 2016 at 11:31.

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