Saltire is a name that was formed by the Anglo-Saxon
society of old Britain. The name was thought to have been used for someone who once worked as a person who played the psaltery, which was a stringed instrument. The surname Saltire is an occupational
surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames
surnames were derived from the primary activity of the bearer. In the Middle Ages, people did not generally live off of the fruits of their labor in a particular job. Rather, they performed a specialized task, as well as farming, for subsistence. Other occupational names were derived from an object associated with a particular activity. In this case, the surname Saltire is a metonymic
surname, which means it is derived from an object associated with an occupation.
Early Origins of the Saltire family
The surname Saltire was first found in Shropshire
where they held a family seat
from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.
Early History of the Saltire family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Saltire research.Another 175 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1404, 1383, 1386, 1388, 1397, 1397 and 1399 are included under the topic Early Saltire History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Saltire Spelling Variations
Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred
years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations
in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon
and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Saltire include Salter, Sallter, Saltier, Saltire and others.
Early Notables of the Saltire family (pre 1700)
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Saltire Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Saltire family to the New World and Oceana
Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England
at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Saltire were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records: Edward Salter settled in Virginia in 1635; along with Elizabeth in 1653; Francis 1655; John 1623; Joseph 1663; Richard 1656; Robert 1649; Robert 1774.