The Norman Conquest
in 1066 brought much change to the island nation, including many immigrants with new names. Among these immigrants were the ancestors of the Rydel family, who lived in Yorkshire
or in Westmorland
at Rydal with Loughrigg.
The name Riddell
and its variants occur in both locations. Rydel is a classic example of an English polygenetic surname,
which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.
Early Origins of the Rydel family
The surname Rydel was first found in Aquitaine where this baronial name was derived from a Gothic race. It was here that the Baron
of Blaye (c.
1030) granted lands to the Abbey of Fons Dulcis near Bordeaux. This grant was confirmed by Gerald de Blavia and one of his sons Geoffre Rudelli (Ridel.) The latter lived 1079-1099 and left for Scotland
during the time of King David I. Upon his arrival, he received grants of lands. He was the ancestor of the Riddells, Baronets.
Another Geoffrey Ridel from the preceding generation went to England from Apulia with William Bigod and is mentioned in the Domesday Book. He was Crown Commissioner in 1106. In 1120, he succeeded Ralph Basset as Justiciary.
Stephen Ridell was appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland in 1186 and years later Stephen Riddel was Lord Chancellor of Ireland (c. 1313-1318). A member of the family of Picard changed his name to Ruddle, at the instance of King Edward IV., to denote his birthplace. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print. "Almost all versions of the Battle Abbey Roll include the name of Ridel." CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Rydel family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rydel research.Another 339 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1030, 1106, 1124, 1577, 1582, 1590, 1595, 1601, 1604, 1616, 1663, 1632, 1669, 1700, 1664, 1747 and are included under the topic Early Rydel History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rydel Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred
years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations
occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Rydel were recorded, including Riddell, Riddle, Riddall, Riddells, Ridel and others.
Early Notables of the Rydel family (pre 1700)
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rydel Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rydel family to Ireland
Some of the Rydel family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 132 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rydel family to the New World and Oceana
The unstable environment in England
at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland
, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Rydel arrived in North America very early: William Riddell settled in Virginia in 1635; Archibald Riddell settled in New Jersey in 1685; Sarah Riddall settled in Virginia in 1640 with her husband.