The Norman Conquest
in 1066 added many new elements to an already vibrant culture. Among these were thousands of new names. The Ryddell family lived in Yorkshire
or in Westmorland
at Rydal with Loughrigg.
The name Riddell
and its variants occur in both locations. Ryddell is a classic example of an English polygenetic surname,
which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.
Early Origins of the Ryddell family
The surname Ryddell was first found in Aquitaine where this baronial name was derived from a Gothic race. It was here that the Baron
of Blaye (c.
1030) granted lands to the Abbey of Fons Dulcis near Bordeaux. This grant was confirmed by Gerald de Blavia and one of his sons Geoffre Rudelli (Ridel.) The latter lived 1079-1099 and left for Scotland
during the time of King David I. Upon his arrival, he received grants of lands. He was the ancestor of the Riddells, Baronets.
Another Geoffrey Ridel from the preceding generation went to England from Apulia with William Bigod and is mentioned in the Domesday Book. He was Crown Commissioner in 1106. In 1120, he succeeded Ralph Basset as Justiciary.
Stephen Ridell was appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland in 1186 and years later Stephen Riddel was Lord Chancellor of Ireland (c. 1313-1318). A member of the family of Picard changed his name to Ruddle, at the instance of King Edward IV., to denote his birthplace. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print. "Almost all versions of the Battle Abbey Roll include the name of Ridel." CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Ryddell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Ryddell research.Another 339 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1030, 1106, 1124, 1577, 1582, 1590, 1595, 1601, 1604, 1616, 1663, 1632, 1669, 1700, 1664, 1747 and are included under the topic Early Ryddell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Ryddell Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Riddell, Riddle, Riddall, Riddells, Ridel and others.
Early Notables of the Ryddell family (pre 1700)
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Ryddell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Ryddell family to Ireland
Some of the Ryddell family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 132 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Ryddell family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Ryddell or a variant listed above: William Riddell settled in Virginia in 1635; Archibald Riddell settled in New Jersey in 1685; Sarah Riddall settled in Virginia in 1640 with her husband.