Roebuck History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Roebuck is part of the ancient legacy of the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. Roebuck was a name used for a person who because of their physical characteristics were referred to as roebuck. In this case roebuck was associated with the qualities of purity and fleetness, qualities the original bearer possessed.

Early Origins of the Roebuck family

The surname Roebuck was first found in Kent where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

Early History of the Roebuck family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Roebuck research. Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Roebuck History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Roebuck Spelling Variations

Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Roebuck include Roebuck, Robuck and others.

Early Notables of the Roebuck family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Roebuck Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Roebuck migration to the United States +

Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Roebuck were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:

Roebuck Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Robert Roebuck, who landed in Maryland in 1674 [1]
Roebuck Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Jarvis Roebuck, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1745 [1]
Roebuck Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Wood Roebuck, who arrived in America in 1806 [1]
  • Benjamin Disney Roebuck, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1808
  • John, John Wood, Nathan, William, William Roebuck all, who arrived in Philadelphia between 1805 and 1876

Canada Roebuck migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Roebuck Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Luke Roebuck U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway, [Shelbourne], Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783 was passenger number 234 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on September 28, 1783 at Staten Island, New York, USA [2]

Australia Roebuck migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Roebuck Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Roebuck, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Argyle" on March 5th, 1831, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]
  • John Roebuck, English convict from York, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [4]
  • Ellen Roebuck, aged 17, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Stamboul"

New Zealand Roebuck migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Roebuck Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Charles Roebuck, aged 35, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1842
  • Elizabeth Roebuck, aged 30, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1842
  • Elizabeth Roebuck, aged 14, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1842
  • George Palmer Roebuck, aged 10, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1842
  • Mary Ann Roebuck, aged 3, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Roebuck (post 1700) +

  • Alvah Curtis Roebuck (1864-1948), American businessman who co-founded the Sears-Roebuck company in 1893
  • Edward Jack Roebuck (1931-2018), American Major League Baseball relief pitcher who played from 1955 to 1966
  • Daniel Randall Roebuck (b. 1963), American television and movie actor, writer and producer
  • John Roebuck (1718-1794), English inventor, born at Sheffield, was the son of John Roebuck, a prosperous manufacturer of Sheffield goods
  • Joseph "Joe" Roebuck (b. 1985), English two-time silver medalist swimmer at the 2010 Commonwealth Games
  • Peter Michael Roebuck (1956-2011), English cricketer
  • Neil Roebuck (b. 1969), English professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1980s, and 1990s
  • Mrs. Winifred Leigh Roebuck M.B.E., British recipient of Member of the Order of the British Empire on 8th June 2018, for services to British foreign policy and security [5]
  • Thomas Roebuck (1781-1819), Scottish Orientalist, grandson of John Roebuck, the inventor, born in Linlithgowshire
  • Roy Delville Roebuck (b. 1929), British Labour Party politician and journalist, Member of Parliament for Harrow East (1966-1970)
  • ... (Another 3 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Argyle voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1831 with 251 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/argyle/1831
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anson voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1843 with 499 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anson/1843
  5. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62310, 31 October 2019 | London Gazette, The Gazette, June 2018, https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/62310/supplement/B1


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