An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
The name Riedel was carried to England in the enormous movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Riedel family lived in Yorkshire at Ryedale or in Westmorland at Ryedel. The name Riddell and its variants occur in both locations. Riedel is a classic example of an English polygenetic surname, which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.
The surname Riedel was first found in Aquitaine where this baronial name was derived from a Gothic race. It was here that the Baron of Blaye (c. 1030) granted lands to the Abbey of Fons Dulcis near Bordeaux. This grant was confirmed by Gerald de Blavia and one of his sons Geoffre Rudelli (Ridel.) The latter lived 1079-1099 and left for Scotland during the time of King David I. Upon his arrival, he received grants of lands. He was the ancestor of the Riddells, Baronets. Another Geoffrey Ridel from the preceding generation went to England from Apulia with William Bigod and is mentioned in the Domesday Book. He was Crown Commissioner in 1106. In 1120, he succeeded Ralph Basset as Justiciary. Stephen Ridell was appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland in 1186 and years later Stephen Riddel was Lord Chancellor of Ireland (c. 1313-1318). A member of the family of Picard changed his name to Ruddle, at the instance of King Edward IV., to denote his birthplace.  "Almost all versions of the Battle Abbey Roll include the name of Ridel." 
Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Riddell, Riddle, Riddall, Riddells, Ridel and others.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Riedel research. Another 445 words (32 lines of text) covering the years 1030, 1106, 1124, 1577, 1582, 1590, 1595, 1601, 1604, 1616, 1663, 1632, 1669, 1700, 1664, 1747 and are included under the topic Early Riedel History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 63 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Riedel Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Riedel family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 125 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Riedel or a variant listed above:
Riedel Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
Riedel Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Riedel Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
The Riedel Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Riedel Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 10 February 2016 at 16:01.