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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: Belgium, English

Where did the English Riddell family come from? What is the English Riddell family crest and coat of arms? When did the Riddell family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Riddell family history?

The name Riddell was brought to England in the wave of migration that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Riddell family lived in Yorkshire at Ryedale or in Westmorland at Ryedel. The name Riddell and its variants occur in both locations. Riddell is a classic example of an English polygenetic surname, which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.


Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Riddell, Riddle, Riddall, Riddells, Ridel and others.

First found in Aquitaine where this baronial name was derived from a Gothic race. It was here that the Baron of Blaye (c. 1030) granted lands to the Abbey of Fons Dulcis near Bordeaux. This grant was confirmed by Gerald de Blavia and one of his sons Geoffre Rudelli (Ridel.) The latter lived 1079-1099 and left for Scotland during the time of King David I. Upon his arrival, he received grants of lands. He was the ancestor of the Riddells, Baronets. Another Geoffrey Ridel from the preceding generation went to England from Apulia with William Bigod and is mentioned in the Domesday Book. He was Crown Commissioner in 1106. In 1120, he succeeded Ralph Basset as Justiciary. Stephen Ridell was appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland in 1186 and years later Stephen Riddel was Lord Chancellor of Ireland (c. 1313-1318). A member of the family of Picard changed his name to Ruddle, at the instance of King Edward IV., to denote his birthplace. [1] "Almost all versions of the Battle Abbey Roll include the name of Ridel." [2]


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Riddell research. Another 445 words (32 lines of text) covering the years 1030, 1106, 1124, 1577, 1582, 1590, 1595, 1601, 1604, 1616, 1663, 1632, 1669, 1700, 1664, 1747 and are included under the topic Early Riddell History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 63 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Riddell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Riddell family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 125 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Riddell or a variant listed above:

Riddell Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • William Riddell settled in Virginia in 1635
  • William Riddell, aged 16, landed in Virginia in 1635
  • Archibald Riddell settled in New Jersey in 1685
  • Archibald Riddell, who landed in New Jersey in 1685

Riddell Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • George Riddell, who arrived in Virginia in 1770
  • John Riddell, who arrived in Virginia in 1770

Riddell Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James Riddell, who landed in Mississippi in 1845

Riddell Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Jean Riddell, Scottish convict from Edinburgh, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
  • William Riddell, aged 25, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Charlotte Jane"
  • Robert Riddell, aged 32, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Aliquis"

Riddell Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • George Riddell, aged 31, a carpenter, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "George Fyfe" in 1842
  • Marion Riddell, aged 31, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "George Fyfe" in 1842
  • James Riddell, aged 3, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "George Fyfe" in 1842
  • Allison Riddell, aged 1, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "George Fyfe" in 1842
  • John Riddell, aged 21, a farm labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jessie Osborne" in 1867


  • John Leonard Riddell (1807-1865), American science lecturer, science fiction author and inventor of the first practical microscope to enable binocular viewing of objects through a single objective lens
  • Miss Alice Riddell (d. 1914), British Stewardess from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking on May 29th 1914
  • Sir Walter Robert Buchanan Riddell (1879-1934), 12th Baronet of Riddell, British academic, Principal of Hertford College, Oxford (1922-1930)
  • Sir John Charles Buchanan Riddell (1934-2010), 13th Baronet of Riddell, British Private Secretary to the Prince of Wales (1985-1990), Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland (2000-2009)
  • Sir James Walter Buchanan Riddell (1849-1924), 11th Baronet of Riddell, a British barrister
  • Sir Walter Buchanan Riddell (1810-1892), 10th Baronet of Riddell
  • Sir John Buchanan Riddell (1768-1819), 9th Baronet of Riddell
  • Sir James Buchanan Riddell (1765-1784), 8th Baronet of Riddell
  • Sir Walter Buchanan Riddell (1763-1784), 7th Baronet of Riddell
  • Sir John Riddell (1726-1768), 6th Baronet of Riddell



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  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  2. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
  3. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  4. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  5. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  6. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  7. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  8. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  9. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  10. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  11. ...

The Riddell Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Riddell Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 10 February 2016 at 16:01.

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