Origins Available: Belgium
The name Riddel was brought to England
in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Riddel family lived in Yorkshire
or in Westmorland
at Rydal with Loughrigg.
The name Riddell
and its variants occur in both locations. Riddel is a classic example of an English polygenetic surname,
which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.
Early Origins of the Riddel family
The surname Riddel was first found in Aquitaine where this baronial name was derived from a Gothic race. It was here that the Baron
of Blaye (c.
1030) granted lands to the Abbey of Fons Dulcis near Bordeaux. This grant was confirmed by Gerald de Blavia and one of his sons Geoffre Rudelli (Ridel.) The latter lived 1079-1099 and left for Scotland
during the time of King David I. Upon his arrival, he received grants of lands. He was the ancestor of the Riddells, Baronets.
Another Geoffrey Ridel from the preceding generation went to England from Apulia with William Bigod and is mentioned in the Domesday Book. He was Crown Commissioner in 1106. In 1120, he succeeded Ralph Basset as Justiciary.
Stephen Ridell was appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland in 1186 and years later Stephen Riddel was Lord Chancellor of Ireland (c. 1313-1318). A member of the family of Picard changed his name to Ruddle, at the instance of King Edward IV., to denote his birthplace. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print. "Almost all versions of the Battle Abbey Roll include the name of Ridel." CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Riddel family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Riddel research.Another 224 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1030, 1106, 1124, 1577, 1582, 1590, 1595, 1601, 1604, 1616, 1663, 1632, 1669, 1700, 1664, 1747 and are included under the topic Early Riddel History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Riddel Spelling Variations
Endless spelling variations
are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Riddell, Riddle, Riddall, Riddells, Ridel and others.
Early Notables of the Riddel family (pre 1700)
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Riddel Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Riddel family to Ireland
Some of the Riddel family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 69 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Riddel family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious persecution within England
at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Riddel or a variant listed above: William Riddell settled in Virginia in 1635; Archibald Riddell settled in New Jersey in 1685; Sarah Riddall settled in Virginia in 1640 with her husband.