Parkes History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

In ancient Scotland, Parkes was a Strathclyde-Briton name for someone who lived someone who lived near a park. The surname comes from the Old English word, parc. "Richard, William, Sylvester, John, Robert, Philip de Parco, [were listed in] Normandy 1180-95." [1]

Early Origins of the Parkes family

The surname Parkes was first found in Cumberland, where they held a family seat from early times. One of the first records of the name was when Rober de Parco witnessed a charter by Earl David (c.1202-07) and later witnessed another charter by Walter Olifard (c. 1210.) [2]

Further to the south in England, early listings in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 include John del Pare in Suffolk, 1273 and later, Roger atte Parke was listed in the Writs of Parliament of 1301. [3]

Early History of the Parkes family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Parkes research. Another 154 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1500, 1669, 1710, 1695, 1697, 1706, 1710 and are included under the topic Early Parkes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Parkes Spelling Variations

Prior to the first dictionaries, scribes spelled words according to sound. This, and the fact that Scottish names were repeatedly translated from Gaelic to English and back, contributed to the enormous number of spelling variations in Scottish names. Parkes has been spelled Park, Parke, Parks, Parkes and others.

Early Notables of the Parkes family (pre 1700)

Another 34 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Parkes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Parkes World Ranking

In the United States, the name Parkes is the 12,360th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. [4] However, in Australia, the name Parkes is ranked the 781st most popular surname with an estimated 4,979 people with that name. [5] And in New Zealand, the name Parkes is the 505th popular surname with an estimated 1,363 people with that name. [6] The United Kingdom ranks Parkes as 533rd with 12,321 people. [7]

Ireland Migration of the Parkes family to Ireland

Some of the Parkes family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 102 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Parkes migration to the United States +

In such difficult times, the difficulties of raising the money to cross the Atlantic to North America did not seem so large compared to the problems of keeping a family together in Scotland. It was a journey well worth the cost, since it was rewarded with land and freedom the Scots could not find at home. The American War of Independence solidified that freedom, and many of those settlers went on to play important parts in the forging of a great nation. Among them:

Parkes Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Parkes, who landed in Virginia in 1642 [8]
  • Robert Parkes, who arrived in Maryland in 1651 [8]
  • Prescilla Parkes, who arrived in Virginia in 1657 [8]
  • Ambrose Parkes, who arrived in Virginia in 1657 [8]
Parkes Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Anne Parkes, who arrived in Virginia in 1705 [8]
Parkes Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Edward Parkes, aged 3, who landed in New York in 1854 [8]
  • James Parkes, aged 16, who arrived in New York in 1854 [8]
  • Andy Parkes, aged 40, who landed in New York in 1854 [8]
  • Richard Parkes, aged 14, who landed in New York in 1854 [8]
  • Mary Parkes, aged 18, who arrived in New York in 1854 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Parkes migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Parkes Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Parkes, English convict from Chester, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [9]
  • Mr. Thomas Parkes, British Convict who was convicted in Warwick, Warwickshire, England for 15 years, transported aboard the "Coromandel" on 25th June 1838, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [10]
  • Mr. John Parkes who was convicted in Walsall, West Midlands (Staffordshire), England for 10 years, transported aboard the "Duchess of Northumberland" on 1st October 1842, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [11]
  • Miss Ann Parkes who was convicted in Birmingham, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Cadet" on 10th November 1848, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [12]
  • Caroline Parkes, aged 24, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Florentia" [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Parkes migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Parkes Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Elizabeth Parkes, aged 45, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • Charles Samuel Parkes, aged 20, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • Henry Parkes, aged 18, a grocer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • Catherine Hannah Parkes, aged 15, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • George Parkes, aged 13, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Parkes (post 1700) +

  • Walter F. Parkes (b. 1951), American film producer, writer and former studio head
  • Janet Parkes, American Libertarian politician, Candidate for Presidential Elector for Michigan, 1984 [14]
  • Charles F. III Parkes, American Libertarian politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Texas 1st District, 2010; Candidate for Texas State House of Representatives 6th District, 2012 [14]
  • Mr. Abraham Parkes, British sheriff, held the position of Sheriff of Nottingham, England from 1921 to 1922
  • Michael Johnson Parkes (b. 1931), British racing driver
  • Gerard Parkes, Irish Canadian actor
  • Tom Parkes (b. 1992), English professional football player
  • Jordan David Parkes (b. 1989), English professional association footballer
  • Philip Benjamin Neil Frederick Parkes (b. 1950), former English football goalkeeper
  • Harry Smith Parkes (1828-1885), British consul in China and Japan
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMAS Sydney II
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. John Allan Parkes, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [16]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. William Henry Parkes, Canadian 3rd Class passenger from Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [17]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Francis Parkes (d. 1912), aged 21, Irish Plumber from Belfast, Ireland who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Francis "Frank" Parkes (d. 1912), aged 18, Irish Second Class passenger from Belfast, Ireland who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [18]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Harry Edward Parkes, American Boatswain's Mate First Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [19]


  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  5. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  6. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  7. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  8. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834
  10. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 19th March 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/coromandel
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/duchess-of-northumberland
  12. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/cadet/
  13. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) FLORENTIA 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Florentia.htm
  14. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 24) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  15. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  16. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  17. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  18. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  19. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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