Orchard History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The tale of the name Orchard begins with a family who lived in the old barony of Urquhart, which is located on Loch Ness in the county of Inverness.

Early Origins of the Orchard family

The surname Orchard was first found in Elginshire a former county in northeastern Scotland, in the present day Scottish Council Area of Moray, where Galleroch de Urchart "who lived temp. Alexander II" [1] was granted lands in Cromarty, and Inverness. He held a family seat at the Castle of Urquhart in 1214. "His descendants were "hereditary sheriffs of Cromarty." [1]

Early History of the Orchard family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Orchard research. Another 177 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1306, 1358, 1611, 1660, 1114, 1759, 1611, 1660 and 1650 are included under the topic Early Orchard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Orchard Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Urquhart, Urquhard, Urchard, Orchard and many more.

Early Notables of the Orchard family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Sir Thomas Urquhart (Urchard) of Cromarty (1611-c.1660), a Scottish writer and translator, most famous for his translation of Rabelais. Down in London, Thomas Urquhart ( fl. 1650?), was a "noted violin-maker and was distinguished...
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Orchard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Orchard family to Ireland

Some of the Orchard family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Orchard migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Orchard Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Richard Orchard, who settled in Maryland in 1634
  • Giles Orchard, who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1635
  • Anne Orchard who settled in Virginia in 1636
  • Ann Orchard, who arrived in Virginia in 1636 [2]
  • Nathaniel Orchard, who arrived in Maryland in 1640 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Orchard Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Easter Orchard, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [2]
Orchard Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Orchard, aged 42, who arrived in Maryland in 1812 [2]
  • Benjamin Orchard, who landed in New York in 1832 [2]
  • Clara Orchard, aged 18, who arrived in New York in 1868 [2]
  • Leonora Orchard, aged 14, who landed in New York in 1868 [2]
  • Ruth Orchard, aged 20, who arrived in New York in 1868 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Orchard migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Orchard Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Orchard, aged 19, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth, England

Australia Orchard migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Orchard Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Orchard, a tailor, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • William Orchard, English convict from Cornwall, who was transported aboard the "Argyle" on March 5th, 1831, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]
  • Mr. William Orchard, (b. 1791), aged 39 born in Mawgan, Cornwall, UK convicted in Cornwall on 9th August 1830, sentenced for death reduced to life for stealing sheep, transported aboard the ship "Argyle" in 1831 to Van Diemen's Land, Tasmania, Australia [4]
  • Mr. William Orchard (b. 1791), aged 39, Cornish settler convicted in Cornwall, UK on 9th August 1830, sentenced for life for stealing a sheep from Henry Dale of Mawgan, transported aboard the ship "Argyle" on 5th March 1831 to Van Diemen's Land, Tasmania, Australia [5]
  • Mr. Joseph Orchard, English convict who was convicted in Bristol, England for 10 years, transported aboard the "Barossa" on 27th August 1841, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Orchard migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Orchard Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Orchard, (b. 1813), aged 37, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Randolph" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand in September 1850 [7]
  • Mrs. Mary Orchard, (b. 1825), aged 25, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Randolph" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand in September 1850 [7]
  • Mr. Hiram Orchard, (b. 1838), aged 12, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Randolph" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand in September 1850 [7]
  • Miss Sarah Orchard, (b. 1840), aged 10, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Randolph" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand in September 1850 [7]
  • Miss Caroline Orchard, (b. 1843), aged 7, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Randolph" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand in September 1850 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Orchard (post 1700) +

  • Henry John Orchard (1922-2004), American professor emeritus of electrical engineering at the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science
  • William Edwin Orchard (1877-1955), English cleric, who was first a Presbyterian, then Congregationalist minister, and finally converted to the Roman Catholic Church
  • Anthony "Tony" Frederick Orchard (1941-2005), Welsh inorganic chemist, his research contributed to much of modern consumer electronic technology
  • Robert Orchard, New Zealand professional rugby league footballer of the 1960s and '70s, brother of Phillip Charles Orchard
  • Phillip Charles Orchard, former New Zealand rugby league player who played for New Zealand in the 1972 and 1975 World Cups
  • Leonard "Len" Orchard (b. 1912), Welsh professional rugby league footballer of the 1930s
  • Julian Dean C. Orchard (1930-1979), English comedy actor
  • Donald Warder Orchard (b. 1946), Canadian politician, member of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1977 to 1995, Minister of Health (1988-1993)
  • Robert Orchard (b. 1953), British journalist and presenter, known for his work with the BBC
  • John Orchard (1928-1995), English actor, best remembered for playing anesthetist "Ugly John" Black in the television series M*A*S*H and for his work in Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971), Ice Station Zebra (1968) and The Whisperers (1967)
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Argyle voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1831 with 251 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/argyle/1831
  4. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/tasmanian_convicts_cornish.pdf
  5. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 24th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barossa
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html


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