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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2017


The rugged west coast of Scotland and the desolate Hebrides islands are the ancestral home of the Or family. Their name indicates that the original bearer lived on a bank, or on the edge of a hill. The Or surname arose independently from different sources. In some instances, it came from the Old English word ora, which means "edge" and was probably a name for someone who lived on a bank, or on the edge of a hill. Or also came form the Old Norse name Orri, which meant "black rooster." It also emerged from the Gaelic word, odhar, which meant "pale" and would have been a nickname that became a surname.

Or Early Origins



The surname Or was first found in Renfrewshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Frił), a historic county of Scotland, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew, East Renfrewshire, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland, where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the census rolls taken by the ancient Kings of Scotland to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

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Or Spelling Variations


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Or Spelling Variations



Spelling and translation were not standardized practices until the last few centuries. Spelling variations are extremely common among early Scottish names. Or has been spelled Orr, Ore, Orre and others.

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Or Early History


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Or Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Or research. Another 133 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1296 and 1503 are included under the topic Early Or History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Or Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Or Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Or Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Or In Ireland


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Or In Ireland



Some of the Or family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 139 words (10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



The hardy Scots who made the crossing settled all along the east coast of North America and in the great west that was just then opening up. At the time of the American War of Independence, many United Empire Loyalists moved north from the American colonies to Canada. Scottish national heritage became better known in North America in the 20th century through highland games and other patriotic events. An examination of immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Or arrived in North America very early: Alexander Orr who arrived in New York state in 1803; Arthur, Charles, George, Hannah, James, John, Martha, Mary, Patrick, Robert, Samuel, Thomas and William all arrived in Pennsylvania between 1840 and 1860..

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Bonis omnia bona
Motto Translation: All things are good to the good.


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Or Family Crest Products


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Or Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
    2. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
    3. Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
    4. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
    5. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    6. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
    7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
    8. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
    9. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    10. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    11. ...

    The Or Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Or Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 14 June 2012 at 10:00.

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