Niman History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Niman is a name whose history dates far back into the mists of early British times to the days of the Anglo-Saxon tribes. It is a name for a stranger or newcomer. The surname Niman is derived from the Old English words neowe, niwe, and nige, which all mean new, and the word mann, which means man. [1]

"In Sussex documents of the XIII. cent. it is spelt Nieuweman, and latinized Novus Homo." [2] "Confined to the southern half of England and not occurring in any numbers north of a line drawn west from the Wash. It has evidently several homes, and is at present most frequently found in Essex, Wilts, Gloucestershire, and Worcestershire. This name signifies 'a stranger.' In the 13th century it was of frequent occurrence, as Neweman, in Cambridgeshire and Oxfordshire, and as Neuman it was also then common in Norfolk and Essex (Hundred Rolls), in which two counties it has been ever since established." [3]

Early Origins of the Niman family

The surname Niman was first found in Dorset where they held a family seat from early times. There are also early records of Stangrim Noueman listed in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk in 1166; Godwin Nieweman listed in the Pipe Rolls of Oxfordshire in 1169; and Robert le Nyman in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296. [4]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 lists four entries for the name: Robert Niweman in Cambridgeshire; Herbert le Niweman in Oxfordshire; Matthew Neuman in Huntingdon; and John le Neuman in Bedfordshire. [5]

"Stockleigh, [Devon] a seat of the Newman family, whose principal residence is at Mamhead, is close by; and not far distant is the quaint fishing village of Torcross." [6]

Early History of the Niman family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Niman research. Another 81 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1602, 1663, 1636, 1643 and 1597 are included under the topic Early Niman History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Niman Spelling Variations

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore,spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Niman has been recorded under many different variations, including Newman, Newmen, Newmin and others.

Early Notables of the Niman family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Samuel Newman (1602-1663), English-born, American clergyman in colonial Massachusetts, born in Banbury, Oxfordshire, he was prosecuted for nonconformity and emigrated...
Another 28 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Niman Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Niman family to Ireland

Some of the Niman family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 64 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Niman migration to the United States +

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Niman or a variant listed above:

Niman Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Jacob Niman, aged 25, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1807 [7]
  • John Niman, aged 26, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1807 [7]

Contemporary Notables of the name Niman (post 1700) +

  • Truman Niman, American Republican politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Arkansas 4th District, 1882 [8]
  • Charles A. Niman, American politician, Circuit Judge in Ohio 8th Circuit, 1912 [8]
  • C. A. Niman, American Democratic Party politician, Candidate for Ohio State House of Representatives from Portage County, 1897 [8]
  • Byron Niman Call (b. 1863), American politician, U.S. Consular Agent in Newcastle, 1904-11 [9]


The Niman Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Ubi amor ibi fides
Motto Translation: Where there is love there is faith.


  1. ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  2. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  4. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Worth, R.N., A History of Devonshire London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G., 1895. Digital
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 19) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 16) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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